Q. With reference to the Mangroves, consider the following statements:
1. They are confined to tropical and subtropical regions.
2. The seeds of Mangrove Forests trees germinate in the trees itself before falling.
3. According to Forest Survey of India 2019 Report, Mangrove cover has decreased as compared to last survey.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A
Notes:

Statement 1 is correct: They are confined to tropical and subtropical regions as they need high solar radiation to filter saline water through their roots. 

Statement 2 is correct: The seeds of Mangrove Forests trees germinate in the trees itself before falling – This is called Viviparity mode of reproduction. 

Statement 3 is incorrect: According to the Forest Survey of India, 2019, Mangroves cover in the country increased by 54 sq km (91.10 percent) in comparison to the 2017 assessment. 

Source: The Hindu