Q. With reference to the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. The basic concept of NAM originated during Bandung conference.
2. The First NAM Summit Conference took place in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in 1961.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War, largely on the initiative of then-Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito, as an organization of States that did not seek to formally align themselves with either the United States or the Soviet Union, but sought to remain independent or neutral.  

  • The basic concept for the group originated in 1955 during discussions that took place at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference held in Indonesia. 
  • The First NAM Summit Conference took place in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in September 1961. 

Source: Laxmikanth 

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