Q. With reference to the Public Interest Litigation (PILs), consider the following statements: :
1.PILs can be filed either before the Supreme Court of India or any High Court.
2.Supreme court has in its various judgements ruled that a letter or a postcard addressed to the Chief Justice of India cannot be converted to a PIL
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:
  • PILs are extensions of Writ Jurisdiction. Therefore, PILs may be filed either before the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution or any High Court under Article 226 of the Indian Constitution.
  • However, even a simple letter or a postcard addressed to the Chief Justice of India or the Chief Justice of a High Court may suffice. The court may then choose to take cognizance of the letter and convert it into a PIL