Q. With reference to the treaty of Allahabad in 1765, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. Allahabad and Benaras were surrendered to Shah Alam II by Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula.
2. Shah Alam – II was agreed to pay 50lakh to company as war indemnity.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

Robert Clive concluded two important treaties at Allahabad in August 1765 – one with the Nawab of Awadh and the other with the Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II.  

  • Under the treaty Nawab of Awadh Shuja-ud-Daula agreed to surrender Allahabad and Kara to Emperor Shah Alam II. 
  • Under the treaty Nawab of Awadh Shuja-ud-Daula agreed to pay Rs 50 lakh to the Company as war indemnity. 

Source: Spectrum Modern India.