Q. With reference to the World Press Freedom Index 2023, consider the following statements:
1.Australia has ranked first in the index.
2.Press freedom in India has declined.
3.Legal framework is one the indicators used by the index to rank countries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 3 only

[D] 2 and 3 only

Answer: D

Explanation –

Statement 1 is incorrect. Norway is ranked first for the seventh consecutive year.

Statement 2 and 3 are correct. India is ranked 161 out of 180 countries. Press freedom in India has gone from “problematic” to “very bad”, with the country slipping 11 ranks since the 2022 report.  The index ranks countries based on five indicators: the political context, legal framework, economic context, sociocultural context and security.

Source: ForumIAS