Q. With reference to Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), consider the following statements:
1. They can be used to hide both an IP address and the geographical location of a user.
2. These tools can result in negative effect on overall telecom efficiency.
Which of the statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:
  • Statement 1 is correct: A virtual private network (VPN) is an internet tool that masks a person’s actual Internet Protocol (IP) address, so the online actions are virtually untraceable. It provides online privacy and anonymity by creating a private network from a public internet connection. VPNs can be used to hide a user’s browser history, Internet Protocol (IP) address, and geographical location, as well as web activity and devices being used. 
  • Statement 2 is correct: Other countries with state capabilities that have tried banning VPNs have seen a big negative effect on overall telecom efficiency. For example, Iran’s internet is slow due to its attempts to inspect internet traffic for anything that might be going through a VPN. 

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