Q. With reference to ‘Wetlands’ consider the following statements:
1.Wetlands are areas where the presence of water determines an area’s biogeochemistry.
2.Wetlands are always permanently flooded.
3.Wetland plants are referred to as hydrophytes.
Which of the statements given above are correct

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation –

Statement 1 and 3 are correct. Wetlands are areas where the presence of water determines an area’s biogeochemistry. Wetland plants are often referred to as hydrophytes because they are specially adapted to grow in saturated soils.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Some wetlands are permanently flooded, while others are only seasonally flooded but retain saturated soils throughout much of the unflooded period.

Source: The Times of India