Q. With respect to trade during Mughal empire, consider the following statements:
1. The banjaras used to move to long distances with their goods on the back of oxen.
2. Local traders were called banik.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The Indian trading classes were large in numbers and spread throughout the country. They were well organized and highly professional.

Seth, bohra traders specialized in long distance trade while local traders were called banik. Another class of traders was known as banjaras, who specialized in carrying bulk goods.

The banjaras used to move to long distances with their goods on the back of oxen. Bulk goods were also taken through rivers on boats. The trading community did not belong to one caste or religion.

The Gujarathi merchants included the Hindus, Jains and Muslims. In Rajasthan, Oswals, Maheshwaris and Agarwals came to be called the Marwaris. Multanis, Khatris and Afghanis conducted trade with central Asia.

In south India, the Chettis on the Coramandal coast and the Muslim merchants of Malabar were the most important trading communities.

Source: Tamil Nadu Board Class 11