MSDE rolls out “Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship(MGNF) Program”
What is the news?
Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship(MSDE) rolls out Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship(MGNF) Programme under the SANKALP scheme. It will strengthen district skill administration and the District Skill Committees(DSCs).
Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship(MGNF) Program:
- It is a two-year academic program. It aims to address the challenge of the non-availability of personnel for the implementation of various skill development programs at national, state, and district levels.
- MGN fellows will be trained to understand the overall skill ecosystem. They will be attached to DSCs and help them manage the skill development planning at the district level. It will provide them with practical experience on the ground.
- Implementation: IIM Bangalore’s Centre of Public Policy(CPP) will implement it.
- Eligibility: Graduates from a recognized university and citizens of India in the age group of 21-30 years are eligible to apply for it.
Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood (SANKALP) Scheme:
- Type: Centrally Sponsored Scheme
- Duration: The scheme was launched in 2018 and has a tenure till March 2023.
- Ministry: It is an outcome-oriented scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship(MSDE). The World Bank is providing loan assistance to this program.
- Aim: It will improve short-term skill training qualitatively and quantitatively through strengthening institutions. Moreover, it will bring in better market connectivity and inclusion of marginalized sections of the society.
- The scheme aims to implement the mandate of the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM).
- The outcomes in the scheme are measured through the Results Framework. This framework is agreed upon between MSDE and the World Bank.
Result Framework: Under the scheme, four key result areas have been identified viz:
- Institutional Strengthening (at National, State & District level);
- Quality Assurance of skill development programs;
- Inclusion of marginalized population in skill development; and
- Expanding Skills through Public-Private Partnerships(PPPs).
Source: The Hindu
“Samarth Scheme” for Capacity Building in Textile Sector
What is the News?
The Ministry of Textiles has informed Rajya Sabha about the Samarth Scheme.
- It was launched by the Ministry of Textiles.
- Aim: It will address the skill gap in the textile sector. It will supplement the efforts of the textile industry in providing gainful and sustainable employment to the youth.
- Objectives: Following are the objectives of Samarth Scheme:
- It will provide a program which demand-driven, placement oriented and National Skills Qualifications Framework(NSQF) compliant.
- It will supplement the efforts of the industry in creating jobs in the organized textile and related sectors, covering the entire value chain of textile. It excludes Spinning and Weaving.
- Likewise, it will provide for skilling and skill up-gradation in the traditional sectors of handlooms, handicrafts, sericulture, and jute.
- Target: The Scheme targets to train 10 lakh persons (9 lakhs in organised & 1 lakh in traditional sector).
- Implementing agencies: The programmes would be implemented through the Textile industry, government institutions and Reputed training institutions/ NGOs/ Societies active in the textile sector.
- Monitoring and Management Information System(MIS): It is a centralized web-based Information System that has been put in place for monitoring and implementation of the scheme.
TIFAC launches SAKSHAM Portal and Seaweed Mission
What is the news?
Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) celebrated its 34th Foundation Day. The theme of the Foundation day was: “Technology, Innovation and Economy for Atma Nirbhar Bharat”.
- It is an autonomous technology think tank under the Department of Science & Technology (DST), Ministry of Science and Technology. It was set up in 1988.
- Mandate: TIFAC identifies the technological priorities of the future like cyber-physical systems, quantum computing, green chemistry and water.
- TIFAC launched 2 initiatives: 1) SAKSHAM Portal, 2) Seaweed Mission
- Need of the Portal: The COVID-19 pandemic has compelled the labour force to return to their native lands due to loss of jobs.
- Aim: It is a dynamic job portal for mapping the skills of Shramiks (labour) vis-à-vis requirements of the MSMEs across the country.
- Features of the Portal:
- This portal will facilitate placement of 10 lakh blue-collar jobs by directly connecting Shramiks with MSMEs.
- It will help eliminate middlemen/ labour contractors. It will also help in the identification of skill proficiency level and development of Skill Cards for Shramik.
- Likewise, it will also reduce the hardship of Shramiks(labour) in finding jobs in nearby MSMEs.
- Why was this mission launched? Out of the global seaweed production, China produces 57%, Indonesia 28%. Whereas, India is having a mere share of 0.01-0.02%.
- Purpose: Under the mission, TIFAC will demonstrate a model for commercial farming of seaweeds, and it’s processing for value addition. It will boost the national economy.
- Benefits of Cultivating Seaweed:
- It is estimated that if seaweed cultivation is done in 10 million hectares or 5% of the EEZ area of India, it can provide employment to 50 million people.
- Additional benefits of Seaweed cultivation;
- Improves national GDP;
- improves ocean productivity;
- Reduce algal blooms and sequester millions of tons of CO2;
- Create a healthier ocean and can also use to produce bioethanol.
ShramShakti Portal and ShramSaathi module for Tribal Migrants
Why in News?
Union Minister of Tribal Affairs has virtually launched the Shram Shakti Portal for data related to Tribal migrants. The Minister also launched the tribal training module- ShramSaathi.
Shram Shakti portal:
The portal has been launched to tackle the challenge of lack of real-time data on the migrants with the Governments.
- ShramShakti Portal: It is a National Migration Support Portal that aims to collect data related to tribal migrant workers and link them with the existing welfare schemes.
- The various data that will be recorded via the portal include demographic profile, livelihood options, skill mapping, and migration pattern.
- The portal would be able to successfully address the data gap and empower tribal migrant workers, who generally migrate in search of employment and income generation.
- It would also effectively help in the smooth formulation of state and national level programs for migrant workers.
ShramSaathi – Training module
It is a tribal training module. It aims to ensure the process of livelihood migration is safe and productive for tribal migrants. Once training is done the tribal migrant worker can demand and access services, rights and entitlements etc.
Reason for the launch of module:
- Tribal migrants have low awareness about their rights and entitlements
- They also do not know the ways to access services and social security in source and destination areas
PMKVY 3.0: Govt. launches Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY) 3.0
News: The government of India has launched the third phase of its flagship skilling scheme Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 3.0).
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY): It is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) launched in 2015 and implemented by National Skill Development Corporation(NSDC).
- Objective: To enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.
- Under the scheme, Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
- Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government
PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20)
- PMKVY 2.0: After the successful implementation of pilot PMKVY (2015-16), PMKVY 2.0 was launched by scaling up both in terms of Sector and Geography and by greater alignment with other missions of the government of India like Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat.
- Enable and mobilize a large number of youths to take up industry designed quality skill training, become employable and earn their livelihood.
- Increase productivity of the existing workforce, and align skill training with the actual needs of the country.
- Encourage standardisation of the Certification process and put in place the foundation for creating a registry of skills.
- To benefit 10 million youth over a period of four years (2016- 2020).
- Objective: It envisages to train around 8 lakh candidates over the scheme period of 2020-2021.
- Key Features:
- This phase is designed towards making skill development more demand-driven and decentralised in its approach with a focus on digital technology, Industry 4.0 skills and COVID-related skills.
- District Skill Committees(DSCs) under the guidance of State Skill Development Missions(SSDM) shall play a key role in addressing the skill gap and assessing demand at the district level.
- It will encourage healthy competition between states. This is achieved by increasing the allocation to those states that perform better.
- It will also be a propagator of vocational education at an early level for youth to capitalize on industry-linked opportunities.
USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills & Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development) scheme
- USTTAD Scheme: The scheme was launched in 2015 by the Ministry of Minority Affairs.
- Aim: To upgrade the capacity building and traditional skills of master craftsmen and artisans.
- Capacity building and upgrading of the traditional skills of master craftsmen and artisans;
- Documentation of identified traditional arts/crafts of minorities;
- Set standards of traditional skills;
- Training of minority youths in various identified traditional arts/crafts through master craftsmen;
- Develop national and international market linkages; and
- Preservation of languishing Arts/Crafts.
- Knowledge Partners: To support Ministry and the Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs) with technical inputs for capacity building of master craftsmen/artisan and upgrading their traditional skills, following knowledge partners will be involved by the Ministry:
- National Institute of Fashion Technology.
- Sectoral Export Promotion Councils.
- Other expert agencies.
- Components of the scheme: The scheme has following programmes:
- Up-gradation of Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts through Institutions.
- USTAD Apprenticeship stipend for Research and Development.
- Support to Craft museum for curating traditional arts/ crafts.
- Support to minority craftsmen/artisans through Hunar Haat and Shilp Utsav for marketing their products through exhibitions throughout the country and abroad.
- Recognition of talented Master Craftsmen & Artisans.
Bharatskills learning platform
News: Directorate General of Training(DGT) has joined hands with Microsoft and NASSCOM Foundation to provide digital content for ITI students and also future-ready employability skilling program via the Bharatskills portal.
- Bharatskills Portal: It is an online training platform launched by the Directorate General of Training(DGT) in 2019.
- Purpose: It is a Central Repository for skills providing easy access for the trainees and trainers of the ITI ecosystem to access updated curriculums and course content of all courses.
- The platform also presents a unique access to a centralized, scalable and a thriving support ecosystem through its industrial partners for the students and teachers who can now learn the newer Industrial Revolution(IR) 4.0 skills to meet the demands of the industry