Regionalism is defined as a strong feeling of love and patriotism towards a particular region or state within a country that it is kept above the interest of the nation. This section will provide you with updates on the issue of regionalism.
Updates and news on regionalism
16th Census of India likely to postpone to 2022
What is the News?
The Government of India is likely to postpone the 2021 census to 2022, due to the ongoing COVID-19 situation in the country.
First phase of the Census was scheduled to be rolled out on 1st April 2020. Under this phase, House Listing & Housing Census and updating of the National Population Register (NPR) was to be completed.
Key Features of the Upcoming 16th Census of India:
- India’s last census or 15th Census of India was carried out in 2011.
- The data collected by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India during the Census will be stored electronically.
- The census will be conducted in 18 languages out of the 22 scheduled languages (under the 8th schedule) and English.
- The option of “Other” under the gender category will be changed to “Third Gender”.
- The data is proposed to be collected through a mobile app by the enumerators, and they will receive an additional payment as an incentive.
- The Census of India counts and collects demographic and socio-economic information on the Indian population. It is the largest such exercise.
- The first non-synchronous census was conducted between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of the country.
- However, the first synchronous census in India was held in 1881. Since then, censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten years.
- Since 1949 the census has been conducted by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
Difference Between NPR and Census:
- The census involves a detailed questionnaire. In the 2011 Census, there were 29 items to be filled up aimed at eliciting the particulars of every person, including age, sex, marital status, children, occupation, birthplace, mother tongue, religion, disability, and whether they belonged to any Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe.
- On the other hand, the NPR collects basic demographic data and biometric particulars.
- The census is legally backed by the Census Act,1948. The NPR is a mechanism outlined in a set of rules framed under the Citizenship Act,1955.
Source: The Hindu
Assam and Mizoram conflict
Background of Assam and Mizoram conflict
- The boundary between present-day Assam and Mizoram is 165 km long and the issue over that dates back to the colonial era when Mizoram was known as Lushai Hills, a district of Assam.
- The genesis of present conflict is rooted in the British led demarcated internal boundaries on grounds of administrative needs.
- Government of Mizoram demands that present boundaries must be demarcated based on the 1875 notification, which was notified under Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation (BEFR) Act, 1873, also known as the Inner Line Regulation (ILR). Whereas the Assam government follows the 1933 demarcation.
- While 1873 notification demarcated a line between the plains of Assam (Cachar) and neighbouring hill areas (Lushai) inhabited by tribal communities in Mizoram, 1933 notification was issued after the annexation of the Lushai Hills demarcates a boundary between Lushai Hills and Manipur.
What is the present Issue?
- According to an agreement between governments of Assam and Mizoram some years ago, the status quo should be maintained in no man’s land in the border area.
- As per the recent info., People from Lailapur (Assam) broke the status quo and allegedly constructed some temporary huts, in response people from Mizoram side went and set fire on them.
- Mizoram civil society groups blame “illegal Bangladeshis” on the Assam side who came and destroyed huts, cut plants and pelted stones on policemen.