There has been a high number of
sunstroke/heatstroke cases in Andhra Pradesh which is reeling under heat wave
A heat wave is a period of abnormally high
temperatures-more than the normal maximum temperature that occurs during the
summer season. Heat wave is considered if maximum temperature of a station
reaches at least 40°C or more for Plains, 37°C or more for coastal stations and
at least 30°C or more for Hilly regions.
The National Disaster Management Authority has
had prepared Guidelines for preparation of action plan: prevention and
management of heat-wave. These guidelines aims to facilitate different
stakeholders in preparing a Heat Wave Management Plan. The guidelines provide
insight into the heat related illness and the necessary mitigative and response
actions to be undertaken.
The Andhra Pradesh State Disaster Management
Authority has been implanting a heat wave action plan to mitigate and response
to the impact of heat waves.
The Andhra Pradesh government is also focussing
on Heat Index to take preventive steps and issue advisory to people. A combined
effect of temperature and humidity is defined as the Heat Index and used as a
measure of human discomfort.