Synopsis : Mains Marathon Answers – UPSC Mains Current Affairs Questions – September 1

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1. Analyze the circumstances that led to the Tashkent agreement. Did it achieve its objectives?

Synopsis:

  • In the Introduction, a short note on Tashkent agreement can be written like It brought an end to the armed conflict between India and Pakistan in 1965.
  • In the body first answer what circumstances led to the signing of Tashkent agreement or what was the need for India and Pakistan to sign this agreement.
    • Dynamics changed as Chinese gave support to Pakistan in 1965 to counter India
    • Pakistan started the Operation Gibraltar and  Operation Grand Slam- to encourage/support sabotage/guerrilla operations in Kashmir to give an impression of armed rebellion and leading to separation of Kashmir from India.
    • Indian forces responded by launching operations against the Pak Army.
    • UN role: as it  made hectic efforts to bring an end to the conflict.
    • Other powers role as they did not want this conflict to escalate and drag other countries too.
    • The Soviet Union had offered its good offices for a peaceful settlement between the two warring states.
  • Now write the objectives of the Tashkent agreement showing how the countries promised to resolve their differences and encourage friendly relations between their peoples.
  • Then try to analyse these objectives showing how successful and how did they fail over a period of time.
    • Some points that can be included to show the agreement’s success are :-
      • Was hoped to be a framework for everlasting peace.
      • strategic aim of Pakistan, which was to weaken India in Kashmir had not succeeded.
      • No meddling in each other’s internal affairs.
      • Stopped a larger war involving other powers etc.
    • Some points that can be included to show the agreement’s failure:-
      • No war pact not there.
      • Infiltration from Pakistan is still going on.
      • Security situation complicated in Kashmir and Indo Pak border.
      • No renunciation of guerilla warfare in Kashmir.
    • In the conclusion,try to provide an optimistic ending or provide some suggestions on how relation can be improved between the two countries.

Sources:

http://blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/ChanakyaCode/the-indo-pak-war-1965-and-the-tashkent-agreement-role-of-external-powers/


2. Why is Emotional Intelligence (EI)  important at workplace? How is it different from Intelligence Quotient (IQ)? 

  • In the introduction you can write a short note on what emotional intelligence is and what are its components.
  • Then coming to the first question answer why emotional intelligence is important at work place
    • Include dimensions from both in public and private sector.
    • An emotionally intelligent organisation has motivated , satisfied, confident ,effective employees
    • Employees work actively torwards the organisations goals.
    • Leadership success
      • better cooperation with employees ,solving conflicts amongst them etc.
    • You can quote some examples showing how it helps in administration
      • social responsibly,impulse control, optimism, perform under stress, effectively resolve ethical dilemmas etc.
    • Any important examples well known can be added too.
  • Coming to the second question enumerate the differences between emotional intelligence and intelligence quotient like
    • EI is about assessing emotions and IQ is about assessing intelligence.
    • EQ is a better indicator of success in work place than IQ.
    • You can write differences based on origin,what both identify about,abilities both consists of,how both are put forward in work place etc.

3. Compassion is not our choice, it’s a necessity for being a human. Do you agree?

  • In the introduction write a short note on what compassion is.
    • Qualities of compassion are patience and wisdom; kindness and perseverance; warmth and resolve.
  • In the body you can elaborate on why being humans we need to be compassionate enough and show the significant benefits of compassion
    • from personal level to develop good relationships within family,show warmth and care for the loved etc
    • professional level
      • It can lead to increased motivation to relieve the suffering of the others.
    • International level showing how terrorist activities ISIS,increasing turbulent relations among countries and how important compassion is especially in this scenario
    • Compassion can change the face of the situation by forgiveness and stop it from escalating into violence.
    • You can touch on examples of compassion during disasters,medical compassion etc ..
  • At the same time it is a matter of choice when it comes to religions as Compassionis considered optional by many religious adherents.
    • As if compassion applies to whom we choose, not all of humankind.This angle can be emphasized too.
  • In the conclusion try to ensure how compassion can be developed and practised and in the current scenario world is in why compassion is a necessary virtue.

 

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