Synopsis : Mains Marathon Answers – UPSC Mains Current Affairs Questions – September 1


1. Analyze the circumstances that led to the Tashkent agreement. Did it achieve its objectives?


  • In the Introduction, a short note on Tashkent agreement can be written like It brought an end to the armed conflict between India and Pakistan in 1965.
  • In the body first answer what circumstances led to the signing of Tashkent agreement or what was the need for India and Pakistan to sign this agreement.
    • Dynamics changed as Chinese gave support to Pakistan in 1965 to counter India
    • Pakistan started the Operation Gibraltar and  Operation Grand Slam- to encourage/support sabotage/guerrilla operations in Kashmir to give an impression of armed rebellion and leading to separation of Kashmir from India.
    • Indian forces responded by launching operations against the Pak Army.
    • UN role: as it  made hectic efforts to bring an end to the conflict.
    • Other powers role as they did not want this conflict to escalate and drag other countries too.
    • The Soviet Union had offered its good offices for a peaceful settlement between the two warring states.
  • Now write the objectives of the Tashkent agreement showing how the countries promised to resolve their differences and encourage friendly relations between their peoples.
  • Then try to analyse these objectives showing how successful and how did they fail over a period of time.
    • Some points that can be included to show the agreement’s success are :-
      • Was hoped to be a framework for everlasting peace.
      • strategic aim of Pakistan, which was to weaken India in Kashmir had not succeeded.
      • No meddling in each other’s internal affairs.
      • Stopped a larger war involving other powers etc.
    • Some points that can be included to show the agreement’s failure:-
      • No war pact not there.
      • Infiltration from Pakistan is still going on.
      • Security situation complicated in Kashmir and Indo Pak border.
      • No renunciation of guerilla warfare in Kashmir.
    • In the conclusion,try to provide an optimistic ending or provide some suggestions on how relation can be improved between the two countries.


2. Why is Emotional Intelligence (EI)  important at workplace? How is it different from Intelligence Quotient (IQ)? 

  • In the introduction you can write a short note on what emotional intelligence is and what are its components.
  • Then coming to the first question answer why emotional intelligence is important at work place
    • Include dimensions from both in public and private sector.
    • An emotionally intelligent organisation has motivated , satisfied, confident ,effective employees
    • Employees work actively torwards the organisations goals.
    • Leadership success
      • better cooperation with employees ,solving conflicts amongst them etc.
    • You can quote some examples showing how it helps in administration
      • social responsibly,impulse control, optimism, perform under stress, effectively resolve ethical dilemmas etc.
    • Any important examples well known can be added too.
  • Coming to the second question enumerate the differences between emotional intelligence and intelligence quotient like
    • EI is about assessing emotions and IQ is about assessing intelligence.
    • EQ is a better indicator of success in work place than IQ.
    • You can write differences based on origin,what both identify about,abilities both consists of,how both are put forward in work place etc.

3. Compassion is not our choice, it’s a necessity for being a human. Do you agree?

  • In the introduction write a short note on what compassion is.
    • Qualities of compassion are patience and wisdom; kindness and perseverance; warmth and resolve.
  • In the body you can elaborate on why being humans we need to be compassionate enough and show the significant benefits of compassion
    • from personal level to develop good relationships within family,show warmth and care for the loved etc
    • professional level
      • It can lead to increased motivation to relieve the suffering of the others.
    • International level showing how terrorist activities ISIS,increasing turbulent relations among countries and how important compassion is especially in this scenario
    • Compassion can change the face of the situation by forgiveness and stop it from escalating into violence.
    • You can touch on examples of compassion during disasters,medical compassion etc ..
  • At the same time it is a matter of choice when it comes to religions as Compassionis considered optional by many religious adherents.
    • As if compassion applies to whom we choose, not all of humankind.This angle can be emphasized too.
  • In the conclusion try to ensure how compassion can be developed and practised and in the current scenario world is in why compassion is a necessary virtue.


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