What is the news? Maharashtra Chief Minister has asked the Prime Minister for state-wide implementation of the ‘Beed model’ of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY). About Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) The scheme was launched in 2016 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. Aim: To provide comprehensive insurance cover against… Continue reading What is Maharashtra’s “Beed model” of crop insurance?
What is the news? The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has released the State of Environment Report, 2021 in February recently. This article focuses upon the data related to farmer protests as mentioned in the report. Report on Farmers Protests: Farmers Protests in India have registered an almost five-fold increase since 2017. In 2017,… Continue reading “State of Environment Report” says “Farmer protests” increased fivefold since 2017
What is the News? The Ministry of Agriculture has launched the Seed Minikit Programme. About Seed Minikit Programme: Seed Minikit Programme aims to distribute high yielding varieties of seeds of pulses and oilseeds to farmers. Nodal Agencies: The seed mini-kits are being provided by the following central agencies – National Seeds Corporation(NCS) NAFED Gujarat State… Continue reading Govt Launches “Seed Minikit Programme”
Introduction The subsidy allows an individual to buy a product or use a service at a lower price than its market cost. The government in India has been providing a host of price subsidies on kerosene, cooking gas, water, electricity, fertilizer, etc. in order to support the vulnerable sections. The farmers have been getting the… Continue reading Issue of fertilizer subsidy in India – Explained, Pointwise
What is the News? The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has provided an enhanced allocation of Rs. 2250 Crore for the year 2021-22 for ‘Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture’(MIDH). Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH): The mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the… Continue reading “Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture”(MIDH) Scheme
Synopsis: The Odisha government’s KALIA scheme aims to provide Direct Income Support(DIS) to farmers. The design and implementation of the scheme offer some important lessons to the DIS schemes everywhere. Introduction: In India, the Agricultural reforms generally aim to find new solutions to the structural challenges facing farmers. The shift to direct income support (DIS)… Continue reading KALIA scheme of Odisha and its lesson for India
Synopsis: As per the government, M S Swaminathan report’s recommendations on MSP are already implemented. However, protesting farmers and farm experts contest the claim. Introduction Protesting farmers and farm experts have contested the government’s claim. They say that the government is going by its own formula and farmers’ income not improved yet. The farmers are… Continue reading Issue of MSP Calculation and farmer’s demand
Source: click here Syllabus: GS 3 Synopsis: Farmers want to guarantee MSP which has no legal backing as of now. It is feasible and won’t cost very high for the government. Introduction Farmer unions are protesting to achieve two fundamental demands. The first demand is to take back the three agricultural reform laws enacted by… Continue reading The Cost of Guaranteed MSP
News: According to an Right to Information (RTI) reply, Union government has paid Rs 1,364 crore to 20.48 lakh ineligible beneficiaries under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) scheme till July 2020. Facts: There were two categories of undeserving beneficiaries who received PM-KISAN payouts namely the “ineligible farmers” and “income tax payee farmers”. More than… Continue reading Rs. 1,364 crore given to wrong beneficiaries of PM-Kisan
This article has been created based on the Indian Express article “Misunderstanding the MSP” Synopsis- Mere amendments to farm laws will not solve the MSP issue, as the MSP system may not be able to face the private system of farm laws. Syllabus– GS Paper III (Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices)… Continue reading Contradictions between farm laws and the MSP system
Synopsis: Absence of Madi system in Kerala has not impacted the farmer’s welfare in the state. Background: Thousands of farmers have assembled to protest against the 3 farm bills and have established a new way of life at Singhu, Tikri, Ghazipur, Noida and Shahjahanpur borders. Farmers have made all necessary arrangements for food, shelter, clothing, and sanitation. They… Continue reading Farmer welfare in Kerala, in the absence of Mandi system
Synopsis – the present market structure is not favorable for marginal farmers, the government should use the model of Farmers Producers Organisations (FPOs) for assisting farmers. Background A set of three laws passed in September aims to deregulate India’s enormous agriculture sector aimed at “liberating” farmers from the tyranny of middlemen. But many farmers fear that they… Continue reading Reforming Agriculture sector through FPOs
Source: PIB News: The Prime Minister has released the next instalment of financial benefit under PM Kisan Samman Nidhi through video conference. Facts: PM KISAN: It is a Central Sector scheme launched by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare in 2019. Objective: To augment the income of the farmers by providing income support to all landholding… Continue reading Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi(PM-KISAN) Scheme
Context: Need to extend MSP for other crops to promote crop diversification. How India achieved self-sufficiency in food grain production mainly in wheat and rice? Ship-to-mouth situation in India: In the early 1960s, near-famine conditions prevailed in India and some 10 million tonnes of wheat had to be imported from the US under the PL480 programme. Green… Continue reading MSP for other crops
Context: Procurement of 23 crops at MSP which will amount to ₹17-lakh cr and to support this annual allocation, rich farmers should pay tax. What is the farmers ’demand? The protesters have rejected the offer of amendments to farm laws and are firm on their demand for repeal of the three laws. Farmers want MSP guarantee.… Continue reading Guaranteed MSP will claim half the Budget
Source – Click Here Context: Green Revolution states are required to shift their focus from MSP crops to high-value crops and Non-farm activities due to the consequences Punjab, Haryana, and western Uttar Pradesh were early adopters and major beneficiaries of Green Revolution technology and enabled India in becoming a nation close to self-sufficiency in food… Continue reading Why green revolution states should shift from MSP crops to high value crops and Non-farm activities?
News: The talks between farmer unions and the government failed to reach a resolution.The main bone of contention in these talks is the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for crops which farmers fear the new laws will do away. Facts: MSP: It is the minimum price paid to the farmers for procuring food crops. It is… Continue reading How the 1.5-times formula for crops MSP is calculated?
Context- Dismantling the procurement system is neither in the interests of farmers nor the government. What are the concerns of farmers related to new farmer’s acts? Farmer’s concern- Their main worry is about a possible withdrawal of the Minimum Support Price (MSP) and a dismantling of the public procurement of grains. This could corporatize agriculture; threaten… Continue reading Need for the procurement system
Context – Massive communication failure on the part of the central government to explain to farmers what these laws are, and how they are intended to benefit them. What is the farmer’s and States concern with regard to new farm laws? Farmer’s fear- This could corporatize agriculture, threaten the current mandi network and State revenues and dilute… Continue reading Farmer’s protest
Farmer’s protests is not a new phenomenon in India, but in recent years, the frequency of protests has been increased. Major protests reported from states like Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and UP. A look at the timeline of farmers’ protest over the last 10 years shows that the minimum support price (MSP) for various crops has… Continue reading Why Farmers are protesting and what is MSP system?
Source: Indian Express Context: The recently enacted farm bills have triggered debate on the desirability of the MSP regime. More in news: The period from 2004 to 2012 was the period of high commodity prices, high government procurement and rapid reduction in rural poverty. This shows a causal link between the high prices and… Continue reading Farm Bills and MSP
Context– The dire need to shift the nature of support to farmers from input subsidies to investment subsidies. What are the main reason of air pollution in India and its impact? Stubble Burning – Practice of farmers setting fire to plant debris that remain in farms after harvest. It emits large amounts of toxic pollutants in the… Continue reading Relook agriculture subsidies
Context: In a step to clear dues of fertiliser companies the government has allotted an additional Rs 65,000 crore towards fertiliser subsidy for 2020-21, over and above the already-budgeted Rs 71,309 crore. Why clearing the arrears in fertiliser subsidy is important? To build faith on government schemes: Fertiliser firms have to sell their products below… Continue reading Government clears Fertiliser Subsidies
Minimum support price (MSP) for Farm Bill Context: The recently enacted farm bills have triggered debate on the desirability of the MSP regime. More in news: The period from 2004 to 2012 was the period of high commodity prices, high government procurement and rapid reduction in rural poverty. This shows a causal link between the… Continue reading Farm laws and desirability of MSP
The Pesticides Management Bill (PMB), 2020 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in March 2020. It seeks to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968. Facts: Aim: To protect the interest of farmers and ensure they get safe and effective pesticides. Key Features: Information to Framers: Farmers would be empowered to get all information regarding the available… Continue reading Pesticides Management Bill (PMB), 2020
Context: Centre is planning to restrict the number of fertiliser bags that individual farmers can buy during any cropping season under the Nutrient Based Subsidy(NBS) Scheme. Background A policy of subsidising fertilisers was started in the later period of the Green revolution to increase agriculture production. It resulted in the increased production of food grains… Continue reading Planned changes to NBS Scheme
Context: Cap on subsidised fertiliser under nutrient-based subsidy (NBS) only addresses issue of its diversion, doesn’t fix overuse by farmers. What is nutrient-based subsidy (NBS) regime for fertilisers? Under the scheme, a fixed amount of subsidy, based on the nutrient content present in them is provided on each grade of subsidized Phosphatic and Potassic (P&K)… Continue reading Nutrient-based subsidy