What is the News? The Government of India released funds for various activities to empower Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization(SMAM). Various activities include the establishment of Custom Hiring Centres, Farm Machinery Bank and distribution of various agricultural machinery to different states. Note: Agriculture mechanization is the process of replacing human and animal labour with machines in the… Continue reading Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM)
What is the News? The Ministry of Agriculture has launched the Seed Minikit Programme. About Seed Minikit Programme: Seed Minikit Programme aims to distribute high yielding varieties of seeds of pulses and oilseeds to farmers. Nodal Agencies: The seed mini-kits are being provided by the following central agencies – National Seeds Corporation(NCS) NAFED Gujarat State… Continue reading Govt Launches “Seed Minikit Programme”
What is the News? The Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has launched the Horticulture Cluster Development Programme(CDP). About Horticulture Cluster Development Programme(CDP): Horticulture Cluster Development Programme(CDP) aims at growing and developing identified horticulture clusters to make them globally competitive. A cluster is a group of enterprises. They are located within an identifiable and, as… Continue reading Union Minister launches “Horticulture Cluster Development Programme”
What is the News? After receiving around 8,665 applications worth Rs. 8,216 core Agriculture Infrastructure Fund(AIF) has crossed the Rs.8000 crore mark. Sectors: The largest share of the fund has gone to Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS) (58%). This is followed by agri-entrepreneurs (24%) and individual farmers (13%). States: Andhra Pradesh has received the highest… Continue reading “Agriculture Infrastructure Fund” crosses Rs. 8,000 crore mark
Synopsis: The current situation of the agricultural sector demands state support to tackle future challenges. This will ensure sustainable benefits for both – farmers and consumers. Background: Countries across the globe are focusing on the gradual reduction of state’s role in almost every sector (including agriculture). Their objective is to bring greater economic development. In India,… Continue reading Need of State Support for Agricultural development
Synopsis: Government should avoid handing over India’s agriculture to agribusiness companies. Instead, it should take steps to make agriculture remunerative. Development of Agriculture during the green revolution period During the mid-1960s, the green revolution resulted in increased productivity in India and, especially, Punjab. Further, the growth in agriculture was aided by public investment in irrigation… Continue reading Government should initiate steps to make Agriculture remunerative
Synopsis: There is a need for developing a strong regulatory framework to promote India’s agricultural growth. Introduction The farmers in the country face various constraints such as accessing agricultural inputs, markets, finance, human resources, and information. All these factors are critical for increasing farmers’ competitiveness. The existing institutional structure controlling farm production fails to handle… Continue reading Why India Needs a Strong Regulatory Framework for Agriculture?
Synopsis: A closer inspection of the Operation Green scheme shows that the scheme is nowhere near achieving its objectives. Introduction The Finance Minister during budget presentations announced the expansion of Operation Green (OG). It will be expanded beyond tomatoes, onions, and potatoes to 22 perishable commodities. Operation Green was launched in 2018 with three basic… Continue reading Lessons from Operation Flood for Operation Green
Synopsis: Industrial revolution 4.0, will reduce employment opportunity. The “First Trade Minimum Price” model can be used for increasing farmer’s income. How Industrial Revolutions are changing employment dynamics? The subsequent three Industrial revolutions reduced the dominance of the agriculture sector. They made the service and manufacturing sector dominant. This helped the agrarian workforce to shift… Continue reading “First Trade Minimum Price” (FTMP): A model to increase farmer’s income
What is the News? Indian Institute of Horticultural Research(IIHR) has launched an app called Arka Vyapar App. About Arka Vyapar App: The app aims to connect farmers with traders. It will help farmers get the best available prices for their products. How the app would work? The app would have details of farmers and traders… Continue reading Arka Vyapar App to connect farmers with market
What is the News? US Department of Agriculture(USDA) has forecasted 1.8 million tonnes of wheat and 14.4 million tonnes of rice to be imported from India. This will be the highest ever wheat export from India to the US in the last six years. Despite the Indian government’s various steps to improve agricultural exports, there are few challenges associated with the exports. Status of… Continue reading Agricultural Exports- India’s potential, initiatives, challenges and solutions
Synopsis: Present agriculture reforms have not considered the ground level issues faced on the regional level and vertical level. Introduction New farmers laws Recently, the current government has opened up the output market with the purpose to let market forces improve effectiveness and create more value for farmers and the economy. New farm laws state that… Continue reading Issue of single law for different regions of agriculture
Context: Procurement of 23 crops at MSP which will amount to ₹17-lakh cr and to support this annual allocation, rich farmers should pay tax. What is the farmers ’demand? The protesters have rejected the offer of amendments to farm laws and are firm on their demand for repeal of the three laws. Farmers want MSP guarantee.… Continue reading Guaranteed MSP will claim half the Budget
Source – Click Here Context: Green Revolution states are required to shift their focus from MSP crops to high-value crops and Non-farm activities due to the consequences Punjab, Haryana, and western Uttar Pradesh were early adopters and major beneficiaries of Green Revolution technology and enabled India in becoming a nation close to self-sufficiency in food… Continue reading Why green revolution states should shift from MSP crops to high value crops and Non-farm activities?
Context: The next Green Revolution 2.0 will come through in-depth research, better investment opportunities and access to the market. What led to the green revolution? Scarcity of grain: After the China war, when India was standing at the cusp of economic destruction, Pakistan attacked India. There was an acute scarcity of food grains in the… Continue reading Green revolution 2.0 and new farm laws
Context: A minuscule minority of farmers is protesting against the farm laws. They don’t want an end to the system that has benefited them. Background The creation of the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) came into existence almost 150 years ago to feed the colonial master’s raw cotton for their Manchester mills. The farmers were… Continue reading Why farm laws are enacted?
Context: The present farm laws alter the bargaining landscape in favour of the corporate players to the detriment of the farmers. What is current issue with farm laws? The three recently enacted farm laws assented have led to a showdown between the peasantry and the Union government. No consultation undertaken by the central government at… Continue reading Will Farm laws reduce Farmers income?
Context- The government’s dismissal of the concerns of farmers and workers with bold reforms is not only bad for democracy, it reduces quality of policies and also makes them harder to implement. What is the core problem in agriculture sector in India? Largest source of livelihood – there are too many people employed in agriculture.… Continue reading Government policies – harder to implement
Source- The Indian Express Syllabus- GS 3 – Land reforms in India. Context- Farmers and state governments across India don’t want APMCs. How many farmers are there in India? Based on the self- declaration- Almost 111 million farmers are registered for the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi(PM-Kisan). The eligibility criteria for this scheme are- Registration requires the family to hold… Continue reading Indian Agriculture Reforms