Recently, 15th Finance Commission report has provided many recommendations for improving the functioning of Local Bodies. The challenges faced by local bodies in India are manyfolds and there is no one-stop solution to them. Approach of previous Finance Commissions with respect to Local Bodies: So far four Finance Commissions (11th FC to 14th FC) have… Continue reading Recommendation of 15th Finance Commission and challenges faced by Local Bodies
Recently, The Finance Minister announced the “Vehicle Scrapping Policy” in her Budget speech. The policy will phase out older, inefficient and polluting vehicles. Apart from that, the policy will also promote the use of more environment-friendly vehicles and reduce the oil import bill. But it is not an easy task and has a few challenges… Continue reading Vehicle Scrappage Policy and the associated challenges: Explained
Recently four fishermen from Tamil Nadu died while fishing in Palk Bay. The cause of death is still not clear. But the Indian government has registered its strong protest with India-Sri Lanka. The arrest and death of fishermen by the Sri-Lankan government is a frequent issue. A press note mentions, “between January 2015 to January… Continue reading India-Sri Lanka Maritime dispute – Explained
Bombay High Court in Satheesh vs State of Maharastra case acquitted a man of sexual charges under the POCSO ( Protection of Children from Sexual Offences) act. The court cited the stringent Mandatory Minimum Sentence provision in the POCSO act and punished the person based on the IPC section 354 (Outraging the modesty of women).… Continue reading The POCSO Act and associated issues
Recently Bihar government decided to categorize defamatory and offensive social media posts against government officials as cybercrime. Bihar Police has issued a circular to implement this order. This is not the first instance when Sedition laws and criminal defamation have been used to silence the critics of the government. Examples of Government silencing critics: First,… Continue reading Criminalisation of government criticisms: Laws and issues
Recently an elephant died in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), Tamil Nadu. The death was caused by a burning tyre thrown at the elephant by some people. This is not the first instance when a wild animal has been killed due to fire, firecrackers or by a mob with sticks. The violence against wild animals has… Continue reading Issue of cruelty against wild animals in India
Recently, Kamal Haasan’s political party, Makkal Needhi Maiam, proposed a due recognition to homemakers. The Political party included payment for homemaker’s domestic work as a part of their election manifesto. The proposal reopened the academic debate of Paying women for their domestic and care work. Payment to domestic care work was first demanded by the Third National Women’s Liberation Conference, in England in 1972. … Continue reading Wages for housework: An Analysis
As a result of the Covid-19 pandemic induced economic slowdown, the commercial banks are about to witness the spike in NPAs, or bad loans. To deal with it, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor is considering the proposal for the creation of a bad bank. What is a Bad Bank? A bad bank is an asset reconstruction company (ARC), involved in management and recovery of bad loans or NPAs of other banks. Generally, these Banks are initially funded… Continue reading Establishment of Bad Banks – associated Issues and Significance
Synopsis: More than 40 telecom operators in the World have already launched 5G technologies. India being the 5th largest economy in the world has not yet launched the 5G technology. Is it high time to launch 5G services in India or India still have time to catch up with the technology? click here to read about what is 5G technology? Present Status of 5G in India: Department of Telecommunication (DoT) in 2017 setup a 5G steering… Continue reading 5G technology in India – importance, challenges and solutions
Synopsis: Kalapani territory is one of the major disputed border areas between India and Nepal. But the dispute is not yet resolved by mutual terms and usually resurface time and again. In this article, you can read about the details of the dispute and the steps that India should take. Introduction: Present development Nepal has raised… Continue reading Kalapani territorial dispute between India and Nepal resurfaced
This article is based on the recent Indian Express article India at UN high table. Context Recently India has been elected as a non-permanent member to UN Security Council for the 8th time. The United Nations is the most powerful International Organisation that ever existed in the history of mankind. 193 members of the UN… Continue reading India at the UN – challenges, significance and way forward
Supreme Court pronounced 2-1 judgment and cleared the Central Vista Redevelopment Project. Petition challenging the Centre’s change-of-land-use notification of March 2020 for 86 acres of land was filed in SC. Following statements were put forward by the majority judgment and dissenting judge: More about judgment SC Court in its judgment held that it found no… Continue reading Supreme Court Judgment on Central Vista Redevelopment Project
India – Nepal relations– Present challenges and solutions Sources: Pax Indica, The Diplomat, RSTV Big Picture This article on India Nepal relations – present challenges and solutions, has been developed based on The Hindu editorial “Nepal in turmoil”. India and Nepal share a unique relationship, both of them share friendship and cooperation underpinned by linguistic, cultural and civilizational links, along with a wide range… Continue reading India – Nepal relations- Present challenges and solutions
Context: Supreme Court in its recent order stated that farmers have a constitutional right to continue with their protest. More about judgment Petition: Order was delivered on the petitions seeking removal of farmers protesting at the borders of Delhi. Order and suggestions Supreme Court in its order upheld the farmer’s right to continue their protest… Continue reading Right to Protest in India
This article on NFHS-5 results has been developed based on the Indian Express Article under the title ‘Give children weight’ that appeared in the news on 17th December 2020. Situation of Nutrition in India as per NFHS-5 survey and other measures As per the National Family Health Survey 2015-16 (NFHS-4), 35.7 per cent children below five… Continue reading What are the implications of Initial NFHS-5 results?
Amid the controversies surrounding the Central Vista Project, the PM of India laid the foundation stone of the new Parliament building. Objections were raised against the project due to the land-use changes and environmental clearances issue to the project by authorities. The matter is being heard by the Supreme Court. In its recent order, the… Continue reading Central Vista Project: What are the benefits and issues associated to it?
About Paris Agreement (COP 21) As the Kyoto Protocol ultimately failed to induce significant emission reductions on a global scale, the Paris Agreement was adopted at the COP21 held in Paris. It aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change and specifies long-term goals regarding global average temperatures, adaptation to climate… Continue reading Progress on Paris Climate Change Agreement: In India and world
How India-Canada ties evolved? What are the challenges and opportunities exist in India-Canada ties? This article is based on The Hindu Article “India summons Canadian High Commissioner; issues demarche over Trudeau’s remarks” Relevance: Recently Canadian Prime Minister expressed his views on Indian farm Bills and supported farmer’s protest. Similarly, Canadian PM’s coalition partner also praised… Continue reading India-Canada relationship
News: Cyclone Burevi has weakened into a deep depression as its interaction with a landmass in Tamil Nadu has slowed its movement and intensity. Cyclonic disturbances are rapid weather systems, which include weather depressions, deep depressions, and tropical cyclones (of severe, very severe, extremely severe, and super cyclonic storms depending on their intensity). What is… Continue reading How Tropical cyclones are formed?
This article is based on the two Indian Express articles (links Indian Express, Indian Express) published today and in October, 2020 respectively. Why in News US President Biden promises decriminalising the use of marijuana and also gave assurance to clearing out the past convictions related to it during his election campaign. In India also Recent… Continue reading Decriminalising Marijuana in India
Farmer’s protests is not a new phenomenon in India, but in recent years, the frequency of protests has been increased. Major protests reported from states like Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and UP. A look at the timeline of farmers’ protest over the last 10 years shows that the minimum support price (MSP) for various crops has… Continue reading Why Farmers are protesting and what is MSP system?
The article is based on The Big Picture: Special Marriage Act and Indian Express Explained, Roll it back appeared in the month of November. Context: The Uttar Pradesh government has cleared an ordinance that enables the state to police and punish inter-faith marriages with “the sole intention of changing a girl’s religion”. Important provisions of… Continue reading ISSUE OF INTERFAITH MARRIAGES AND LAWS IN INDIA
News: Government has recently approved the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme worth up to Rs 1.46 lakh crores for 10 sectors with an aim to make Indian manufacturers globally competitive, attract investment in India and enhance export. The sectors under the scheme include automobiles and auto components, pharmaceuticals, telecom, and networking products, and advanced chemistry… Continue reading Initiative to boost domestic manufacturing in India | 26th Nov. 2020
A recent report by an Internal Working Group (IWG) of the Reserve Bank of India has attracted a lot of attention as well as criticism for its recommendations including the one that suggests corporate houses be given bank licences. Rationale to constitute IWG by RBI: The IWG was constituted to “review extant ownership guidelines and… Continue reading Corporates as Bankers: Bane or boon for economy?
Issue of Digital/Social media regulations in India In the backdrop of the increasing popularity of online platforms (OTT, Social Media Etc.) in India and world over in the recent times, many efforts are being made to regulate the content being posted on them. The latest attempt in this row has been made by the Kerala… Continue reading Social and Digital media regulations in India | 24th November
In News: India has adopted Self Reliance as an objective in the post covid world. While it is seen primarily in economic terms (reducing imports, shifting value chains), self-reliance also means strategic autonomy in foreign policy. Strategic autonomy: Strategic autonomy is the ability of a state to pursue its own national interest and preferred foreign… Continue reading Strategic autonomy in a multipolar world order | 23rd November
The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) had invited research proposals from academics and legal experts in 2018. Among those two topics were shortlisted for further research by the Ministry of Home Affairs recently. The topics were “Status of radicalisation in India: an exploratory study of prevention and remedies” “Functioning and impact of open… Continue reading PRISON REFORMS IN INDIA | 21st November, 2020
The ASEAN region along with India together comprises a combined population of 1.85 billion people, which is one-fourth of the global population and their combined GDP has been estimated at over USD 3.8 trillion. So the East Asia Region is most important for India and vice versa. About 15th East Asia Summit 15th East Asia… Continue reading India and East Asia Relations | 20th November
News: Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) has been signed by 15 countries, without India. About RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership) RCEP is a trade deal that was originally being negotiated between 16 countries including India, after exit of India, now has been signed by 15 countries. Members: 10 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) members:… Continue reading why India opted out of RCEP? | 17th November, 2020
Context: Draft rules for the Code on Social Security, 2020 have been released by Ministry of Labour and Employment for comments. Salient features of Draft rules for the Code on Social Security, 2020 Beneficiaries of the rules will be Unorganised Workers, Gig Workers, Platform Workers, and BOCWs. For workers Unorganised workers, gig workers, and platform… Continue reading Draft rules for the Code on Social Security, 2020 | 16th November, 2020
What is Custodial Violence? Custodial violence primarily refers to violence in police custody and judicial custody. It may be mental or physical in nature. Types of Custodial Violence: Physical: This includes methods of physical torture on the victim Physiological: It includes mental torture. For instance, depriving a person of food. It also includes threat and… Continue reading Custodial Violence in India | 13th Nov. 2020
Context: Foreign Contribution Regulation rules, 2011 have been amended by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) with the notification of new FCRA rules. New rules require any organization that wants to register itself under the FCRA to have existed for at least three years. should have spent a minimum of Rs. 15 lakh on its… Continue reading NEW FCRA RULES AND ITS BACKGROUND | 12th NOV., 2020
What is Monetary Policy? Monetary policy is the process by which the RBI controls the supply of money, often targeting an inflation rate or interest rate to ensure price stability. Quantitative Instruments: General or indirect (Cash Reserve Ratio, Statutory Liquidity Ratio, Open Market Operations, Bank Rate, Repo Rate, Reverse Repo Rate, Marginal standing facility and… Continue reading Effectiveness of Monetary Policy in India | Nov. 11th, 2020
In News: India can achieve the goal of self-reliance (Atma Nirbharta) by enhancing the capability of youth. About Demographic Dividend: According to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), demographic dividend meansthe economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure. The change in age structure is typically brought on by a decline… Continue reading The issue of Demographic Dividend in India | Nov. 10th, 2020
News: Haryana government has passed the bill for 75 percent reservation in private sector jobs for locals having Haryana domicile. About Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Bill, 2020 Bill provides for a 75 per cent job quota for local people in private sector jobs which offer a salary of less than Rs. 50,000 a… Continue reading Reservation for locals in private jobs | 9th Nov. 2020
Although, the term Indo-Pacific has been used previously as well, “Indo-Pacific” is a fairly recent addition to the geopolitical lexicon. For almost a century, the term Asia-Pacific region was used for constructing policies and strategies of the west. This has changed in the second decade of the 21st century. India’s concept of the Indo-Pacific region stretches… Continue reading Indo-Pacific and India | 7th Nov. 2020
SC has delivered a judgment in a recent appeal filed by a person booked under the SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act for allegedly abusing a Dalit woman in her house. SC judgment on SC/ST (PoA)act In this latest judgment related to the SC/ST Act, the Supreme Court has said: All types of intimidations or… Continue reading SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act: New developments and Evolution
What is the Gig Economy and platform work economy? It is characterized by short-term contracts or freelance work as opposed to permanent jobs. It often involves connecting with customers through an online platform. Example: Delivery boys of app-based food, consultants, bloggers. The platform work economy is sometimes referred to as the gig worker economy, but… Continue reading Gig Economy and platform workers under labor laws in India | November 2nd, 2020
What is hate speech? The term hate speech is understood as any kind of communication in speech, writing or behavior that attacks or uses pejorative or discriminatory language with reference to a person or a group on the basis of their collective identity, be it race, ethnicity, religion, gender, or sexuality. Hate speech threatens two key doctrines of democracy-… Continue reading Hate speech: A misused freedom | 31st October, 2020
Industrial Revolution 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution related to manufacturing and chain production. It is driven by breakthroughs in digital technologies, such as artificial intelligence, robotics, 3D printing, the IoT, Big Data etc. The Drivers of Change: Technological breakthroughs: New technological innovations such as Big Data, 3-D printing, artificial intelligence and robotics is… Continue reading Industrial Revolution 4.0: challenges and way forward | 29th October, 2020
Centre notifies new Jammu and Kashmir land law that omits ‘permanent resident’ as criteria. Before the repeal of Article 370 and Article 35-A in August last year, non-residents could not buy any immovable property in Jammu and Kashmir. As per section 96 of the J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019, the Centre has the powers to repeal… Continue reading What is new land law for Jammu and Kashmir?[infographic] | 28th Oct., 2020
Good evening dear reader. Here is our 7pm editorial Summary for today Farm bills and Punjab’s bills against them Punjab bills About farm bills and associated concerns Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation), bill 2020 Issues with Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020: Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on… Continue reading Farm bills 2020: Can Punjab challenge a central law?
With the onset of winters, Delhi Air pollution has started increasing. Delhi’s air quality remains in the ‘poor’ category with stubble burning causing a rise in pollution levels. Air pollution in Delhi and the whole of the Indo Gangetic Plains is a complex phenomenon that is dependent on a variety of factors. The first and… Continue reading Delhi Air pollution on rise: Reasons and initiatives taken
Good evening dear reader. Here is our 7pm editorial Summary for today Hyderabad Urban Floods: Reasons and way forward What are urban Floods? What are the reasons of Hyderabad Urban Floods? Other common reasons for Urban flooding Impacts of urban floods on vulnerable section Steps taken to tackle Urban Flooding in India Way forward Introduction… Continue reading 7 PM Editorial | Hyderabad Urban Floods : Reasons and Way forward | 17th October
Good evening dear reader. Here is our 7pm editorial Summary for today Introduction to the issue What is TRP system? Past example of TRP controversy How the TRP system works and how it can be rigged? Why the government should not regulate Media? Way forward Introduction In the case, where three channels Republic TV, Fakht… Continue reading 7 PM Editorial | All about TRP Issue | 16th October 2020
Topic –Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting the Indian interests Quad and India In the wake of recent aggression by China in Ladakh and Taiwan, foreign ministers of the US, India, Japan and Australia Quadrilateral Security Dialogue was held in Tokyo. Countries reaffirmed their “collective vision” of maintaining a free,… Continue reading 7 PM Editorial | Quad and India: challenges and opportunities | 15th October 2020
There won’t be a peaceful world as long as there is hunger Context: Recently World Food Programme (WFP) was awarded prestigious Nobel Peace Prize for its contribution in combating hunger, bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and also for its role as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as… Continue reading 7 PM Editorial | Nobel Prize to World Food Programme (WFP) and Food Security | 14th October 2020
GST Compensation issue In News: Centre-state friction is growing over pending GST compensation payments issue under the Goods and Services Tax (GST). The Finance Minister noted that the financial crisis facing the States is a result of an “act of God”. About GST The Goods and Services Tax in India is comprehensive, multi-stage, destination-based value-added… Continue reading GST Compensation issue: analysis
An Analysis on The effects of low growth on the informal sector,COVID-19 Issues and their solutions.