WHO-ILO Study on the Impact of Long Working Hours

What is the News? The World Health Organization(WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) has published a study on the Impact of Long Working Hours. About the study: The study covered global, regional, and national level data from more than 2,300 surveys collected in 154 countries from 1970-2018. It covered 37 studies on ischemic heart… Continue reading WHO-ILO Study on the Impact of Long Working Hours

Unemployment Rate in India Shoots up to 8% in April: CMIE

What is the News? Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy(CMIE) report on unemployment in India has been released. As per the report Unemployment Rate in India is increasing. Key Findings of the Report: Increase in Unemployment rate: The Unemployment rate in India has increased to 8% in April 2021 from 6.5% in March 2021. Unemployment Rate(UER) is… Continue reading Unemployment Rate in India Shoots up to 8% in April: CMIE

Systemic Issues affecting Women’s Participation in labour Market

Synopsis: The burden on Women during the Pandemic increased disproportionately due to Societal norms, a male-dominated job market, and a lack of gender-sensitive policy making. This article provides a solution to address these issues. Background Gender inequality in terms of employment is high in India. For instance, only 18% of working-age women were employed as… Continue reading Systemic Issues affecting Women’s Participation in labour Market

Record 11 Crore Worked Under “MGNREGS” in 2020-21

What is the News? According to Government data, over 11 crore people worked under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme(MGNREGS) during the financial year 2020-21. Key Facts Related to MGNREG Scheme during 2020-21: During the financial year 2020-21, around 11 crore people worked under the MGNREGS. This is the first time since the… Continue reading Record 11 Crore Worked Under “MGNREGS” in 2020-21

Why States are Planning for Reservation to Locals in Private Jobs?

Synopsis: Haryana already passed the proposal providing reservation to locals. Many other states are planning for the same. It is because the States in India are unable to create jobs for their local economy due to various issues. Background Recently, the Haryana government has passed legislation for reservation of jobs to local Haryanvi’s first. On… Continue reading Why States are Planning for Reservation to Locals in Private Jobs?

“Shramik Kalyan Portal” of Indian Railways

What is the News? Indian Railways ensured 100% compliance with the minimum wage pay to contract workers. E-application Shramik Kalyan Portal used for this purpose. About Shramik Kalyan Portal: Launched by: the Indian Railways in the year 2018. Purpose: to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act. Also, to ensure that contractual… Continue reading “Shramik Kalyan Portal” of Indian Railways

Present Status of “Stand Up India Scheme”

What is the News? The government has informed the Lok Sabha about the implementation of the Stand Up India Scheme. More than 81% of the accounts under the Stand Up India Scheme belong to women entrepreneurs. About Stand Up India Scheme: Ministry: Launched in 2016 by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance. Objective:… Continue reading Present Status of “Stand Up India Scheme”

Report of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Rural Development

What is the News? The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Rural Development has submitted its report to the Lok Sabha. What did the Parliamentary Panel say in its report? Parliamentary report On Pensions to Senior Citizens, Widows and Disabled: Increase in Pension Amount: The Central Government must increase the small amount of pensions provided for poor… Continue reading Report of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Rural Development

LinkedIn released the “Opportunity Index 2021”

What is the News? LinkedIn has released the Opportunity Index,2021. The index focuses on the manner in which women perceive their employment opportunities. Further, the opportunity index also focuses on how the gender gap is slowing down the career progress for working women. About the Opportunity Index 2021: The LinkedIn Opportunity Index research was conducted… Continue reading LinkedIn released the “Opportunity Index 2021”

Labour Ministry launches Software Applications for five All India Surveys

What is the news? Union Minister for Labour has launched Software Applications and instruction manuals with questionnaires for five All India Surveys. The Labour Bureau is conducting these surveys. The Bureau is an attached office of the Ministry of Labour & Employment. About All India Surveys? The five All India Surveys, which are being undertaken by… Continue reading Labour Ministry launches Software Applications for five All India Surveys

Issues in the draft rules for the Code on Social Security 2020

Synopsis –  The Government drafted the rules for the Code on Social Security 2020 without considering growing informal workforce. Introduction: During the Budget, Finance Minister highlighted the implementation of the four labour codes. Budgetary Allocation for the MSME sector this year was Rs.15700 Crores. This is more than double the amount allotted last year. This… Continue reading Issues in the draft rules for the Code on Social Security 2020

TIFAC launches SAKSHAM Portal and Seaweed Mission

What is the news? Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) celebrated its 34th Foundation Day. The theme of the Foundation day was: “Technology, Innovation and Economy for Atma Nirbhar Bharat”. About TIFAC: It is an autonomous technology think tank under the Department of Science & Technology (DST), Ministry of Science and Technology. It was… Continue reading TIFAC launches SAKSHAM Portal and Seaweed Mission

New Farm Laws and Labour Codes is the way forward

Source: The Indian Express Syllabus: GS-3  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies  Synopsis: The agriculture and labour reforms passed recently creates a condition for productivity and enhance growth. This benefits millions of small farmers and unorganised workers. Farm Laws and the changes it brings: … Continue reading New Farm Laws and Labour Codes is the way forward

Budget proposes tax on EPF interest

What is the News? The government has proposed to make the interest earned on EPF contributions beyond ₹2.5 lakh Taxable. Why has this proposal been made? The government has found instances where High Net Worth Individuals(HNIs) are contributing huge amounts to EPF. They are getting the benefit of tax exemption at all stages — contribution,… Continue reading Budget proposes tax on EPF interest

Evaluation of Budget 2021

Source: The Hindu Gs2: Parliament and State Legislatures- Budgeting Synopsis: The evaluation of Budget 2021 is done on three parameters. First, on the credibility of the Budget. Second, it’s potential to deliver adequate domestic output and jobs. Third, on how the Budget raises resources. What is the Credibility of the Budget 2021? Budget 2021 scores… Continue reading Evaluation of Budget 2021

Impacts of devaluing domestic work

Source: Indian Express GS-2:Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and issues arising out of their Design and Implementation Synopsis: There is a negative impact of devaluing the household care activities of women, on society. Background The following incidents have brought the issue of valuation of Women’s household activities. Recently, Kamal Hassan the… Continue reading Impacts of devaluing domestic work

Trends in Housework valuation

Synopsis: The work women perform for the family should be given due recognition and valued at par with a men’s work.  Introduction   Kamal Haasan’s Makkal Needhi Maiam party recently promised salaries for housewives as a part of the party’s election manifesto, has invigorated the discussion on the acknowledgment of domestic work as work.  Read more – Wages for housework: An Analysis… Continue reading Trends in Housework valuation

Wages for housework: An Analysis

Recently, Kamal Haasan’s political party, Makkal Needhi Maiam, proposed a due recognition to homemakers. The Political party included payment for homemaker’s domestic work as a part of their election manifesto.    The proposal reopened the academic debate of Paying women for their domestic and care work.  Payment to domestic care work was first demanded by the Third National Women’s Liberation Conference, in England in 1972. … Continue reading Wages for housework: An Analysis

Formalising the work of community workers

Synopsis: Government should strive to formalise the work of community workers such as Anganwadi, ASHA and National Health Mission workers to make them accessible for various social security benefits such as safety, insurance, risk allowance and fixed wages etc. Background In India, there are about a lakh ASHA worker, 1.3 million Anganwadi workers and another 1.2 million Anganwadi helpers. (Community workers) At present, community… Continue reading Formalising the work of community workers

Paying women for domestic and care work

Synopsis: Paying women for domestic and care work will not reduce or redistribute their burden. It will only lead to mere recognition of their efforts. Background Women bear a disproportionately high burden of unpaid domestic work and care work in India. According to the all-India Time Use Survey (2019) data, females bear more than 83% of the burden of domestic and care… Continue reading Paying women for domestic and care work

Issues in wages Against Housework and Alternatives to it

Synopsis- It is important to recognise the value of unpaid domestic work. However, creating value isn’t always about fair remuneration. A salary to women for domestic work will institutionalise the idea of men as ‘providers.   Introduction– Recently, Kamal Hasan’s party, Makkal Needhi Maiam, promised salaries to housewives as a part of its electoral campaign in Tamil Nadu. Shashi Tharoor also… Continue reading Issues in wages Against Housework and Alternatives to it

Should There Be Wages for Housework?

Synopsis- MNM led by Kamal Haasan promised to recognize HouseWorks. Efforts by historical movement to provide wages for HouseWorks, highlighted many challenges in doing that.    Background-  Makkal Needhi Maiam MNM, led by its founder Kamal Haasan has promised that homemakers’ will get their due recognition through payment for their house works which hitherto has been unrecognized and unmonitored.   According to International Labour Organization, women perform 76.2 per cent of total hours of unpaid care work, more than three… Continue reading Should There Be Wages for Housework?

The Wistron Dispute and China’s lessons.

Synopsis: Wistron case shows that hasty labour laws violating labour rights is economically suicidal and damaging to India.  Background  Recently, contract workers attacked the Wistron’s iPhone assembly that resulted in property damage of worth ₹50 crore.  According to a preliminary inquiry report by the State labour department into the incident Wistron and its labour contractors violated… Continue reading The Wistron Dispute and China’s lessons.

Why violence happened at Wistron-Apple Facility?

Wistron Violence and issue of contract workers Synopsis: The recent case of violence at Wistron’s iPhone manufacturing plant also highlights the challenges faced by contract workers in India. Why Wistron Violence happened? Recently, Wistron’s iPhone manufacturing plant was attacked by thousands of contract workers over alleged non-payment of wages, resulting in theft and loss of goods… Continue reading Why violence happened at Wistron-Apple Facility?

Issues in Labour codes

Context: The labour codes will only better India’s ‘ease of doing business’ ranking instead of improving conditions of employment What is the Significance of Labour codes? Will generate employment and secure the basic rights of the workers. It will universalise the right to minimum wage of workers and social security entitlements. Why, have the labour… Continue reading Issues in Labour codes

Central Trade Unions strike

Context- Trade unions called for nationwide strike to protest government policies. Why Central Trade Union (CTUs) have called for a nation-wide strike and what are the demands Central Trade unions called for national wide strike to protest against anti-farmer laws, anti-worker labour codes, privatization of public sector and the corporatization policies of the government. Trade union’s demands- The… Continue reading Central Trade Unions strike

Women workforce

Context – Declining female labour force participation. Why in news- Year 2020 marked as- The nearly fifty years since the Committee on the Status of Women in India (CSWI) submitted the report ‘Towards Equality’ to the United Nations (UN). It focused on women-sensitive policymaking in India, providing a fresh perspective on gender equality. The 25th anniversary of the Beijing Platform… Continue reading Women workforce

Labour law reforms and Trade unions

Context- The new labour codes clear attempt to diminish the role trade unions. What are the new labour laws? The current government has introduced new versions of three labour codes in Lok Sabha which are- Industrial Relations Code. Code on Occupational Safety, Health & Working Conditions Code. Social Security Code. Labour code on wages. However, Central… Continue reading Labour law reforms and Trade unions

Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana

News: Finance minister has announced the Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana scheme. Facts: Aim: To incentivize the creation of new employment opportunities during the Covid-19 economic recovery phase. Beneficiaries (new employees) under Scheme: Any new employee joining employment in EPF registered establishments on monthly wages less than Rs 15,000. EPF members drawing a monthly wage of less… Continue reading Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana

Challenges to Atma Nirbhar Bharat

Context: Making India   self-reliant India or Atmanirbhar Bharat What are the current economic challenges faced by India? The supply chain disruption due to national and localised lockdowns has led to supply side and demand side contraction. Slowdown of aggregate demand due to low, private final consumption expenditure (PFCE), investment and exports. Even, the consumption… Continue reading Challenges to Atma Nirbhar Bharat

Need for Right to work in India

Context: Need for Right to work in India. What is the legal status of the right to work internationally and in India? International: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights includes the right to work in the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. In India: Though the Right to work is not a constitutional… Continue reading Need for Right to work in India

Unemployment in india

Context: It is for the first time that unemployment in india has become a big issue in Bihar assembly elections. What are the issues? Impact of lockdown: The economy contracted severely, Bihar saw millions of poor migrant labours returning home as U.P. and Bihar have a disproportionately high number of out-migrants. Joblessness an issue this election: An opposition… Continue reading Unemployment in india

Reservation for locals in private jobs | 9th Nov. 2020

News:  Haryana government has passed the bill for 75 percent reservation in private sector jobs for locals having Haryana domicile. About Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Bill, 2020  Bill provides for a 75 per cent job quota for local people in private sector jobs which offer a salary of less than Rs. 50,000 a… Continue reading Reservation for locals in private jobs | 9th Nov. 2020

Low labour force participation (LlFP) of Indian women

Context: The issue of the low labour force participation (LFP) of Indian women. What are the factors limiting women’s labour force participation? Women’s inability to work outside the home is hampered mainly due to the predominant responsibility for domestic chores and unpaid care work. Scenario of Indian women’s labour force participation Historical evidence: Historically, women’s… Continue reading Low labour force participation (LlFP) of Indian women

Gig Economy and platform workers under labor laws in India | November 2nd, 2020

What is the Gig Economy and platform work economy? It is characterized by short-term contracts or freelance work as opposed to permanent jobs. It often involves connecting with customers through an online platform. Example: Delivery boys of app-based food, consultants, bloggers. The platform work economy is sometimes referred to as the gig  worker economy, but… Continue reading Gig Economy and platform workers under labor laws in India | November 2nd, 2020

Platform workers and their issues

Context- The new labour codes passed by Parliament recently acknowledge platform and gig workers as new occupational categories in the making. What are the provisions for platform worker in the labour code and issues with them? Definition of Platform work according to new law– “Platform work” has been defined as a work arrangement outside of… Continue reading Platform workers and their issues

India’s jobs conundrum

Source: LiveMint Syllabus: GS3: Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment. Context: A country progresses when small and mid-sized firms grow, and create jobs alongside.  India over the years is facing the problem of inadequate mid-sized firms. How are job creation and firms’ size related? Contribution of Large firms: McKinsey Global… Continue reading India’s jobs conundrum

Reducing the vulnerabilities of urban employment

Source- The Hindu Syllabus- GS 3- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Context- The contraction of the economy raises concern on the employment situation as the shrinking sectors are those that create the maximum new jobs in India. What are impacts of COVID-19 on the economy? GDP contraction– India’s economy… Continue reading Reducing the vulnerabilities of urban employment