“Future of jobs: Modernised labour market require social security”

News-Pandemic has led to dramatic increase in employees working remotely particularly in white collar jobs.  What are the other changes to the work models?  With the normalisation of work from home model, companies have also started providing work contracts and complementarity flexibilities. It means they are offering different combinations of flexi-work and financial security and medical benefits s per the combination. For instance, HUL has launched ‘U-Work’… Continue reading “Future of jobs: Modernised labour market require social security”

Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) – Quarterly Bulletin (January-March 2021)

What is the News? The National Statistical Office (NSO) has released the quarterly bulletin of Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for January-March 2021. What is the Periodic Labour Force Survey(PLFS)? The National Statistical Office(NSO) has launched Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) in April 2017.  Objectives of PLFS: The objective of PLFS is primarily twofold: To… Continue reading Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) – Quarterly Bulletin (January-March 2021)

India’s new employment policy ought to focus on young adults

What is the News? Research has been conducted to study the employment data in India, for which it used the findings of India’s Periodic labor Force Data survey, National Sample Survey Organization. What are the findings of the research? Farm Employment: A sharp decline was seen in the farm works among young adults. Less than… Continue reading India’s new employment policy ought to focus on young adults

Climate Resilience Information System and Planning (CRISP-M) tool for Mahatma Gandhi NREGA Scheme launched

What is the News? The Union Minister of Rural Development has launched the Climate Resilience Information System and Planning (CRISP-M) tool. What is the CRISP-M tool? CRISP-M is a web and mobile phone-based Geographic Information System(GIS) aided tool that has been designed to help communities make climate-smart decisions. The tool will help integrate climate information… Continue reading Climate Resilience Information System and Planning (CRISP-M) tool for Mahatma Gandhi NREGA Scheme launched

The many questions arising from QES data

Synopsis: The first quarter data of QES talks about different employment statistics  Introduction  Recently, the Labour Bureau has released the results of the All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (QES) for the first quarter of 2021 (April to June). The Sixth Economic Census serves as the basis of the QES survey. The survey covers establishments employing 10… Continue reading The many questions arising from QES data

India’s informal economy: Challenges and solutions – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The majority of the urban population across the world makes its living from the informal economy. According to one report published by the ILO in 2018, more than 2 billion people – almost 61% of the world’s employed population – were dependent on the informal economy. In some countries, this proportion… Continue reading India’s informal economy: Challenges and solutions – Explained, pointwise

The recent QES estimates are unreliable 

Synopsis: New Quarterly Employment Survey, its key findings, various challenges associated with the survey and the way forward  Introduction  Recently, the Ministry of Labour and Employment released the results of a new Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) for April-June 2021 for the organized (formal) sector.  It represents establishments employing ten or more workers. The surveyed sectors were manufacturing, construction,… Continue reading The recent QES estimates are unreliable 

The motherhood penalty employers must eliminate

Synopsis: Government intervention is needed to bring women equal to men. Introduction Women in India often faced a lot of discrimination owing to the patriarchy. It does not only impact her social life but takes a toll on her professional one also. What is the status of women in India? The gender gap in India has… Continue reading The motherhood penalty employers must eliminate

Employment increases in rural India

Synopsis: In all the major labour market metrics, it is rural India that shows big improvements. Labour conditions improved in urban India also but not as much as they did in rural India. Introduction Labour participation in Rural India increased 0.20 percentage points in last month as compared to a much smaller 0.02 percentage points… Continue reading Employment increases in rural India

What the continued distress in informal labour market says

Synopsis: Status of informal sector in India, distress faced by them mainly during the Covid-19 pandemic and various impacts of the sustained divergence between the formal and the informal labour force.  Introduction Recently released economic data suggests that the Indian economy has emerged from the second wave of the pandemic better than expected. Two broad… Continue reading What the continued distress in informal labour market says

Centre rolls out new survey to map job creation in the informal sector

What is the news? The Union government has rolled out a nationwide survey, the Area Frame Establishment Survey (AFES), to map employment generation in the unorganized sector and establishments deploying less than 10 workers. About Area Frame Establishment Survey – The informal sector survey has also been designed by veteran labour economist and statistician S.P. Mukherjee.… Continue reading Centre rolls out new survey to map job creation in the informal sector

Senior Able Citizens for Re Employment in Dignity (SACRED) Portal

What is the news? The Union government is all set to develop a job portal for senior citizens. The portal named, ‘Senior Able Citizens for Re Employment in Dignity‘ (SACRED), will bring the employment seeking senior citizens (above 60 years of age) and employment providers on one platform. What is the need for the SACRED… Continue reading Senior Able Citizens for Re Employment in Dignity (SACRED) Portal

Shri Bhupender Yadav launches DigiSaksham- a joint initiative of Labour Ministry with Microsoft India to enhance the employability of youth

What is the news? The minister for Labour and Employment has launched a digital skills programme (DigiSaksham) to enhance the employability of youth by imparting digital skills that are required in an increasingly technology-driven era. About the DigiSaksham programme Nearly one crore active job seekers will be able to access training at free of cost… Continue reading Shri Bhupender Yadav launches DigiSaksham- a joint initiative of Labour Ministry with Microsoft India to enhance the employability of youth

A lesson from China on gig workers’ rights

Synopsis: Recently, the Indian Federation of App-based Transport Workers filed a public interest litigation in the Supreme Court demanding that the Union government provide assistance to workers affected by the pandemic. Introduction The petition has asked for ‘gig workers’ and ‘platform workers’ to be declared as ‘unorganised workers’ so they come under the purview of… Continue reading A lesson from China on gig workers’ rights

The war for digital talent: India can emerge as a global hub for it

Synopsis: Tech skills are in short supply globally. The article lists five measures that we should take that will help India lead efforts to close the gap. Introduction The pandemic has accelerated the digital transformation of enterprises, creating enormous opportunities for all organizations. This sudden acceleration in demand has led to a war for digital… Continue reading The war for digital talent: India can emerge as a global hub for it

A jobs problem: Labour data in India is lagged and patchy. But supply-demand mismatch is still clear

What is the news? Recently, GOI unveiled a quarterly report on employment for April-June, which estimates the labour demand of nine handpicked non-farm sectors by surveying establishments with 10 people or more. What has been the job market trend in India? India’s economy has been slowing down since 2017-18. Three successive years of dropping GDP… Continue reading A jobs problem: Labour data in India is lagged and patchy. But supply-demand mismatch is still clear

Jobs increased by 29% since 2013, says survey

What is the News? The Labour Bureau, which works under the Ministry of Labour, has released findings from the All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey. About All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey(AQEES) AQEES has been taken up by the Labour Bureau to provide frequent (quarterly) updates about the employment and related variables of establishments, in both organised… Continue reading Jobs increased by 29% since 2013, says survey

When global firms disengage, employment suffers

Synopsis: Permanency of large foreign firms operating for decades is slowly on the decline. That is why, domestic capital formation and private investments should step in. Introduction The most recent labour statistics, for August 2021, released by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) shows that the unemployment rate has increased from around 7% in… Continue reading When global firms disengage, employment suffers

MGNREGA could also help India sequester carbon: Study

What is the news?  As per a study by IISc Bangalore, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) can help India meet its target to create an additional carbon sink to the extent of 2.5-3 billion tonnes equivalent of carbon dioxide by 2030.  It is possible through improved forest and tree cover.  The study calculated carbon… Continue reading MGNREGA could also help India sequester carbon: Study

Gig economy workers need more protection of their rights

Synopsis: India needs to create more formal jobs and provide protection to gig economy workers through labour reforms. Introduction Three years ago, CEO of Walmart had said that the Flipkart-Walmart combination would generate 10 million jobs in India, which is roughly equal to India’s annual job creation requirement. But, Flipkart didn’t say these jobs would materialize… Continue reading Gig economy workers need more protection of their rights

Minister of Railways launches Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana (RKVY)

What is the News? The Minister of Railways has launched Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana. What is Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana? Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana is a skill development programme launched under the aegis of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY). Aim: To provide training skills to the youth in various trades, with a special focus on… Continue reading Minister of Railways launches Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana (RKVY)

Can unicorns solve the country’s youth unemployment problem?

Synopsis: Unicorns can make some impact and lessen youth unemployment, especially in urban India, but they can’t solve the country’s problem of job scarcity. Introduction In August 2021, India’s unemployment rate stood at 8.32%, worse than July’s rate of 6.96%, but similar to the rates recorded in August 2020 and August 2019, which were at… Continue reading Can unicorns solve the country’s youth unemployment problem?

Urban safety net: On urban-MGNREGA

Synopsis: Instead of going forward with the ‘urban-MGNREGA’, the government needs to focus on coming up with new ideas to alleviate the condition of the urban poor. Introduction Recent data from both the private and public sector has revealed that there is considerable distress within India’s labour force. This distress has manifested in an increase… Continue reading Urban safety net: On urban-MGNREGA

A step backward: On unemployment in India

Synopsis: The periodic labour force survey (PLFS) indicates that India, far from modernising and formalising its economy, seems to be moving backwards in terms of the employment available. Introduction Recent PLF survey has stated that unemployment rate has declined by a percentage point to 4.8 per cent in 2019-20. The previous number, in the first… Continue reading A step backward: On unemployment in India

The irrelevance of Indian GDP estimates to most of our citizens

Synopsis: Economic recovery is unlikely to prove sustainable when most basic indicators of human development show a worsening of our situation. Introduction Estimates of gross domestic product (GDP) for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021-22 were released on 31 August. This year’s first-quarter estimate shows a 20%-plus GDP growth. However, the real issue is… Continue reading The irrelevance of Indian GDP estimates to most of our citizens

The employment dividend from exports

Synopsis: The surge in some export sectors has the potential to address India’s urban jobs challenge with necessary policy intervention. Introduction The share of exports in India’s gross domestic product has seen a steady decline to about 11% during the last ten years. But for the current year, India’s exports of merchandise goods are booming.… Continue reading The employment dividend from exports

Key priorities for employment policy 

Source: This post is based on the article “Key priorities for employment policy” published in Business Standard on 30th August 2021.  Relevance: Employment Generation in India and Employment strategy for India. Synopsis: Measures that generate income for the poor are more important than modifying the applicability threshold for labour laws.  Context Several decades of relatively high… Continue reading Key priorities for employment policy 

The lure of 10 million jobs a year (On agri sector)

Source: Down to Earth Relevance: issues with creation of employment opportunities in farm sector Synopsis: There is a question over capacity of Agriculture sector to absorb more workforce in India. As per the latest data of the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) increasing number of people are joining agriculture for employment, in a shift… Continue reading The lure of 10 million jobs a year (On agri sector)

Government launches Yuktdhara portal to facilitate Geo-spatial planning of MGNREGA assets

Source: PIB What is the News? The Ministry of Rural Development has launched a new geospatial planning portal named  ‘Yuktdhara’. About Yuktdhara Portal: Yuktdhara is a geospatial planning portal under Bhuvan. Purpose: The portal will help in facilitating new MGNREGA assets using remote sensing and geographic information system-based data. Developed by: The portal is a… Continue reading Government launches Yuktdhara portal to facilitate Geo-spatial planning of MGNREGA assets

Rs 935 crore misappropriated in NREGA schemes in last four years, show data from Govt

Source: Indian Express What is the news? According to data sourced from the Management Information System (MIS) of the Ministry of Rural Development, in the last four years, Social Audit Units (SAU) under Rural Development Departments (RDD) across India have found financial misappropriation of Rs 935 crore under various schemes of the Mahatma Gandhi National… Continue reading Rs 935 crore misappropriated in NREGA schemes in last four years, show data from Govt

What India’s informal sector needs right now?

Source: Indian Express Relevance:  Formalization of work force, problems faced by informal sector workers Synopsis: Ignoring problems in the informal sector can be costly as it can lead to job and wage losses, higher inflation and even risk the livelihood of migrant workers. Context Informal sector workers suffered far more from the national lockdown in… Continue reading What India’s informal sector needs right now?

Finding work is work in progress (COVID’s impact on jobs)

Source: Times of India Relevance: Dealing with economic implications of COVID Synopsis: Reversing the pandemic hit to the job market is only a first step. The real jobs challenge still lies ahead. A brief look at the impact of COVID on the job market and the future challenges. Context Economy is coming to pre-covid level… Continue reading Finding work is work in progress (COVID’s impact on jobs)

An urban jobs safety net

Source: TheHindu Relevance: Impact of COVID on economy & employment Synopsis: The article signifies the need to formulate a wage employment-based national urban livelihood scheme on lines of MGNREGA. Impact of COVID on the economy World Economic outlook report presents a grim picture of the global economy. It states that – all of the world countries… Continue reading An urban jobs safety net

Migration from factories to farms, a sign of distress

Source: Business Standard  Synopsis: The government’s Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) report shows a sharp increase in employment in agriculture. It has increased to 45.6% in 2019-20, compared to 42.5% of the total employment in 2018-19. This is a sign of distress as migration to agriculture has been due to compulsion and not in wake… Continue reading Migration from factories to farms, a sign of distress

Poverty in India is on rise again

Source: The Hindu Synopsis  During the 2000’s there was decline in poverty as was indicated by the Government data. However, now multiple data point to a rise in poverty and unemployment.  Context  Source: The Hindu Consumption expenditure survey (CES) is conducted and released every 5 years by NSO  2017-2018 data was not released, and the… Continue reading Poverty in India is on rise again

‘Improve social security for workers’

Source: The Hindu Relevance: This article analyzes the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour report on the impact of the pandemic on rising unemployment. Synopsis The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour highlighted many issues and provided suggestions for improving employment. About the News The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour submitted a report on the impact of the… Continue reading ‘Improve social security for workers’

What India’s labour force survey actually says about employment

Sources: Livemint, The Indian Express and The Hindu Relevance: This article explains the recent PLFS survey and associated issues Synopsis: The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) has indirectly revealed deeply entrenched problems related to the quality of jobs being generated in the country Introduction The third annual round of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) data… Continue reading What India’s labour force survey actually says about employment

Budget Briefs:Policy Measures to promote Growth and Employment Generation in Indian Economy

The Tax Policy Measures in the direction of Growth and Employment generation are: Profit-linked deduction was introduced for start-ups. The scope of investment-linked deduction was broadened by including certain new sectors including infrastructure which are critical to growth. Investment allowance and higher additional depreciation was provided for undertakings set up in backward regions of states… Continue reading Budget Briefs:Policy Measures to promote Growth and Employment Generation in Indian Economy

A job at hand

A job at hand News The Union Ministry of Labour has urged States to issue orders permitting fixed-term employment (FTE) across industries. Important Facts: Fixed-term employment Fixed-term employment is a contract in which a company or an enterprise hires an employee for a specific period of time. Under fixed-term employment, workers are entitled to statutory… Continue reading A job at hand