“Black Softshell Turtle” – Pact Signed for Conservation in Assam

What is the News? The Hayagriva Madhava Temple Committee in Assam has signed an MoU with Turtle Survival Alliance India, Help Earth, and Assam Forests Department to conserve the Black Softshell Turtle. As part of the pact, a Vision Document 2030 was also released. The document aims to raise at least 1,000 black softshell turtles by… Continue reading “Black Softshell Turtle” – Pact Signed for Conservation in Assam

“Bharitalasuchus tapani”- A carnivorous reptile, lived 240 million years ago

What is the News? Researchers from the Indian Statistical Institute had carried out extensive studies on rocks of the Yerrapalli Formation in Telangana during the mid 20th Century. During that time, they uncovered several fossils. By studying some of these fossils, the team has now provided information on one of the reptiles(Bharitalasuchus tapani). What information… Continue reading “Bharitalasuchus tapani”- A carnivorous reptile, lived 240 million years ago

Govt. report flags lapses in “filovirus study” among Nagaland bats

What is the News? The government of India has concluded that there have been lapses in the conduct and protocols followed for the filovirus study of bats in Nagaland. What was the filovirus study about? Researchers from India, China and the US had conducted a study in Nagaland on bats and humans carrying antibodies to… Continue reading Govt. report flags lapses in “filovirus study” among Nagaland bats

“Gharials Conservation” – Odisha Forest department Announces Cash Reward

What is the News? The Mahanadi Wildlife Division in Odisha has announced a cash reward of Rs 1,000 for rescuing Gharials and informing wildlife personnel. The division will also provide compensation to fishermen whose fishing nets are destroyed by gharials. About Gharials: Gharials are one of the longest of all living crocodilians. They derive their… Continue reading “Gharials Conservation” – Odisha Forest department Announces Cash Reward

Global studies on “vulnerability of animals to Covid-19”

What is the news? A lion at Chennai’s Vandalur Zoo has died of suspected coronavirus infection. Similarly, a tiger died at Jharkhand’s Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park after suffering from fever. This sparked the debate regarding the study of the vulnerability of animals to Covid-19. Mechanism of Coronavirus Infection: The coronavirus initiates infection using the spike… Continue reading Global studies on “vulnerability of animals to Covid-19”

Role of National Mission on Biodiversity and Human Well-Being on India’s Biodiversity

Synopsis: The pandemic has exposed the dysfunctional relationship between humanity and nature. The National Mission on Biodiversity and Human Well-Being will help India to restore that dysfunctional relationship. Background Globally, there is a decline in biodiversity. Since 2000, 7% of intact forests have been lost. Further, Climate change and the ongoing pandemic will add additional… Continue reading Role of National Mission on Biodiversity and Human Well-Being on India’s Biodiversity

“Blue finned Mahseer” now placed under Least Concern (LC) status of IUCN red list

What is the news? Blue Finned Mahseer which was on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) red list of endangered species has now moved to the ‘Least Concern (LC)’ status. About Blue Finned Mahseer: Source: The Indian Express Blue Finned Mahseer is a freshwater fish. It is also known as Deccan Mahseer or… Continue reading “Blue finned Mahseer” now placed under Least Concern (LC) status of IUCN red list

“Litoria Mira” — A Chocolate Frog Species found in New Guinea

What is the News? A research team led by Griffith University has discovered a new Frog Species in New Guinea. It has been named Litoria Mira. About Litoria Mira: The Litoria Mira or chocolate frog is a tree frog belonging to the genus Litoria. Name: Litoria is the genus of the common tree frog, and… Continue reading “Litoria Mira” — A Chocolate Frog Species found in New Guinea

Declining “forest bird species” in Western Himalayan region

What is the News? According to research published in Global Ecology and Conservation, there has been a decline in forest bird species in the Western Himalayas Region. Note: The State of Uttarakhand has extremely cold winters and pleasant summers. It is home to the Western Himalayan temperate forests. These forests harbour a large number of… Continue reading Declining “forest bird species” in Western Himalayan region

Odisha’s “blackbucks” double in 6 years, reveals census

What is the News? According to a census carried out by the Odisha State Forest Department, Odisha’s blackbuck population has doubled in the last six years. Blackbucks in Odisha: Firstly, the Blackbuck is known in Odisha as Krushnasara Mruga. Secondly, Blackbucks are found only in the Ganjam district in the southern part of Odisha. It… Continue reading Odisha’s “blackbucks” double in 6 years, reveals census

A study found the reason behind “crocodile tears”

What is the News? Around the world, the phrase Crocodile Tears is most often used for politicians who are seen as being fake and theatrical in their reactions to misery and suffering. But scientists so far never understood the complete reason behind Crocodile tears. When do Crocodiles Cry? A study was conducted in 2006 by… Continue reading A study found the reason behind “crocodile tears”

How Whiteflies are Damaging Crops in India?

What is the News? According to a study by ICAR– National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Invasive Whiteflies Species are increasing in India. Whiteflies: Whiteflies are sap-sucking insects. They are members of the insect family Aleyrodidae (order Homoptera). These insects become abundant during warm climates and are found on houseplants and in greenhouses. Origin: Most… Continue reading How Whiteflies are Damaging Crops in India?

WWF Report on Snow Leopards

What is the News? The World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF) has released a report. Its title is “Over 100 Years of Snow Leopards Research — A spatially explicit review of the state of knowledge in the snow leopard range”. About the Report: The report provides a comprehensive overview of research carried out across the snow… Continue reading WWF Report on Snow Leopards

Can a Single Lightning Flash kill 18 Elephants?

What is the News? Recently, 18 elephants died on a hilltop in Assam. The preliminary post-mortem report indicates they had been struck by lightning. Process of formation of lightning During a storm or rain, particles of rain, ice, or snow inside storm clouds collide with each other. It creates a negative charge in the lower… Continue reading Can a Single Lightning Flash kill 18 Elephants?

Understanding the feeding behaviour of “Northern Elephant seals”

What is the News? Scientists have conducted the most thorough study of the unique feeding behaviour of northern elephant seals, especially focusing on the female elephant seals. About the study: The Northern Elephant seals are famous for their large breeding assembling. So the reproductive behaviour of them is well studied. But the female Seals are… Continue reading Understanding the feeding behaviour of “Northern Elephant seals”

New species of “Asian gracile skink” found from Western Ghats

What is the News? A new species of an Asian gracile skink has been discovered recently at Anaikatti hills, Coimbatore. About the new species of Asian gracile skink: Source: The Hindu The New Species of Asian Gracile Skink has been named Subdoluseps nilgiriensis after Nilgiris. The species is closely related to Subdoluseps pruthi found in… Continue reading New species of “Asian gracile skink” found from Western Ghats

186 Elephants killed by Trains in Over 10 Years: MoEFCC Data

What is the News? Project Elephant Division of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has published data. It highlights the number of elephants killed by trains on railway tracks. Key Highlights from the Published data: There was killing of a total of 186 elephants after being hit by trains across India between… Continue reading 186 Elephants killed by Trains in Over 10 Years: MoEFCC Data

“Red Eared Slider Turtles” Threaten Native Indian turtles across Northeast

What is the News? Red Eared Slider Turtles are threatening to invade the natural water bodies across the Northeast region in India. About Red-eared slider: Firstly, the red-eared slider is a semi-aquatic turtle belonging to the family Emydidae. Secondly, Origin: They are native to the Southern United States and northern Mexico. But they are found… Continue reading “Red Eared Slider Turtles” Threaten Native Indian turtles across Northeast

ZSI research helps in categorising “Indian and Chinese Pangolin” scales

What is the News? Researchers at the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Kolkata have developed tools to differentiate the scales of Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla). About the Research: The researchers characterised the morphological features of the Indian and Chinese Pangolin. They also investigated genetic variations between the two species. The… Continue reading ZSI research helps in categorising “Indian and Chinese Pangolin” scales

“Olive Ridley turtles” likely to skip mass nesting on Rushikulya river mouth this year

What is the News? The annual mass nesting of millions of Olive Ridley sea turtles near the Rushikulya river mouth in Odisha is likely to be missed this year. Mass nesting of Olive Ridley Turtles: The Rushikulya river mouth is considered the second-biggest nesting site for Olive Ridley Turtles in India. The Gahirmatha marine sanctuary… Continue reading “Olive Ridley turtles” likely to skip mass nesting on Rushikulya river mouth this year

“White-Bellied Heron” spotted in Arunachal Pradesh

What is the News? The white-bellied heron was spotted at Walong in the Anjaw district of Arunachal Pradesh. This is the first time the white-bellied heron was sighted at a height of 1,200 meters above sea level in India. About White-Bellied Heron: Source: eBird The White-bellied Heron is a rare and elusive bird. It is… Continue reading “White-Bellied Heron” spotted in Arunachal Pradesh

“Great Indian Bustard” Poaching in Pakistan desert

  What is the News? A group of hunters shot down two Great Indian Bustards(GIBs) in a protected area of southern Punjab’s Cholistan in Pakistan. This has left wildlife activists in India shocked and outraged. Why is India Concerned? Firstly, the Grassland Habitat in Pakistan’s Cholistan desert is very similar to the habitat in Rajasthan’s… Continue reading “Great Indian Bustard” Poaching in Pakistan desert

Meghalaya Records India’s First “Disc Footed Bat” with Sticky Disks

What is the News?  Researchers from the Zoological Survey of India(ZSI) discovers India’s first disc footed bat with sticky nodes, near the Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary in Meghalaya. This location is about 1,000 km west of its nearest habitat in Myanmar. Also Read – Other Species in News for Prelims, 2021 About Disc Footed Bat: This… Continue reading Meghalaya Records India’s First “Disc Footed Bat” with Sticky Disks

“Indus and Ganges River Dolphins” are two different species

What is the News? According to an analysis of the Indus and Ganges River dolphins, it was found they are not one but two separate different species. What is the current classification? Currently, Indus and Ganges River dolphins are classified as two subspecies under South Asian river dolphins(Platanista gangetica). What has the analysis revealed? Firstly, the… Continue reading “Indus and Ganges River Dolphins” are two different species

“Indian Rhino Vision 2020” – Last 2 Rhinos Translocated

What is the News? Indian Rhino Vision 2020(IRV 2020) came to an end with the release of two rhinos. An adult male and a female rhino transported to Assam’s Manas National Park from Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary about 185 km east. Indian Rhino Vision Plan 2020: Indian Rhino Vision Plan 2020 was launched in 2005. Vision:… Continue reading “Indian Rhino Vision 2020” – Last 2 Rhinos Translocated

“Dolphin Census” Registers Increase in Numbers of Dolphins

What is the News? The Odisha State Forest and Environment Department released the final data on the dolphin census. The census covers almost the entire coast of Odisha. What are the Key Findings of the Dolphin Census? Number of Dolphins: The number of dolphins increased by 311 in Odisha taking the total number up to… Continue reading “Dolphin Census” Registers Increase in Numbers of Dolphins

Government aims to boost “opium production”

What is the News? The Union government has decided to bring in the private sector in the production of poppy straw from opium production. This move is expected to boost the yield of alkaloids which are used for medical purposes and exported to several countries. Opium Production in India: India is one of the few… Continue reading Government aims to boost “opium production”

“Culex or Common House Mosquitoes” Reappears in Delhi

What is the News? With the change in season and rise in temperature, culex or common house mosquitoes have made a reappearance across Delhi. About Culex or Common House Mosquitoes: Culex is a genus of mosquitoes. They are carriers of some serious diseases. They can fly up to a distance of 1-1.5 km. Diseases: Culex… Continue reading “Culex or Common House Mosquitoes” Reappears in Delhi

“Nacaduba Sinhala” – the new butterfly species

What is the News? A group of lepidopterists discovered a new species of butterfly. It is called “Nacaduba Sinhala Ramaswamii Sadasivan”. Note: A lepidopterist is a person who specializes in studying butterflies and moths. About the Nacaduba Sinhala Butterfly Species: Nacaduba Sinhala is a Line Blue Butterfly Species that belongs to the Nacaduba genus group.… Continue reading “Nacaduba Sinhala” – the new butterfly species

“African Forest Elephants” declared Critically Endangered

What is the news? The IUCN declares African Forest elephants as ‘critically endangered’ and Savanna (or bush) elephants as ‘endangered’. Note: Previously IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) listed both African elephants as “vulnerable”. But now it has opted to list them separately. It is after genetic evidence has proved that both are different… Continue reading “African Forest Elephants” declared Critically Endangered

The first “Inter-State Tiger Relocation Project” Suspended

What is the News? The first inter-state tiger relocation project has been suspended. About the First Tiger Relocation Project:  The National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA) launched the first Tiger Relocation Project in 2018. Under the Project, two tigers a male (Mahavir) from Kanha Tiger Reserve and a female (Sundari) from Bandhavgarh from MP, were relocated to Satkosia… Continue reading The first “Inter-State Tiger Relocation Project” Suspended

“House Sparrow” population is increasing in India

What is the News? House Sparrow population was on the decline in cities, for decades. But now, as per Nature Forever Society (NFS) president, due to the citizen-led movements across various states, their population has started increasing. About House Sparrow: House Sparrow(Passer domesticus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae. It is found in… Continue reading “House Sparrow” population is increasing in India

Himachal Pradesh to start “Seabuckthorn plantations”

What is the News? The Himachal Pradesh government has decided to start SeaBuckthorn Plantation in the cold desert areas. About Seabuckthorn: It is a shrub that produces an orange-yellow coloured edible berry. In India, it is found above the tree line in the Himalayan region. It is generally in dry areas such as the cold… Continue reading Himachal Pradesh to start “Seabuckthorn plantations”

KVIC launches “Project REHAB”

What is the News? Khadi and Village Industries Commission(KVIC) has launched a unique project called Project REHAB (Reducing Elephant – Human Attacks using Bees). About Project REHAB: Under this project, bee boxes would get used as a fence to prevent the attack of elephants. Aim: The aim is to create “bee-fences” to mitigate human– elephant… Continue reading KVIC launches “Project REHAB”

Petition in SC for Protection of “Great Indian Bustard”

What is the News? The Supreme Court gave several suggestions to protect the Great Indian Bustard in Gujarat and Rajasthan. What was the case? A petition has been filed in the SC regarding the deaths of the Great Indian bustard (GIB). The deaths happened due to a collision with high voltage power lines. The petitioner… Continue reading Petition in SC for Protection of “Great Indian Bustard”

Conservation Initiatives for Sharks in India

What is the news? As per a recent study, the global population of sharks and rays reduced by over 70% in the past five decades. But a few conservation initiatives in India show that well-crafted policies and awareness programmes can make a difference. About Sharks: Sharks come under a subclass of fish species called elasmobranchii.… Continue reading Conservation Initiatives for Sharks in India

“Black-Browed Babbler” rediscovered after 170 years

What is the News? Black-browed Babbler(Malacocincla perspicillata) has been rediscovered. It is spotted in southeastern Kalimantan, Borneo in Indonesia after 170 years. About Black Browed Babbler: Black Browed Babbler is a songbird species in the family of Pellorneidae. The single specimen of the bird was first found between 1843 through 1848 during an expedition. However,… Continue reading “Black-Browed Babbler” rediscovered after 170 years

First-ever Survey on “Fishing Cats” of the Chilika starts

What is the News? The first-ever survey of the fishing cats in and around the Chilika lake in Odisha started. About Fishing Cat: Fishing cats are elusive nocturnal mammals. It is almost twice the size of the house cat. They are generally found in the marshy wetlands of northern and eastern India and on the… Continue reading First-ever Survey on “Fishing Cats” of the Chilika starts

“Himalayan serow” spotted in the Manas Tiger Reserve, Assam

What is the News? Himalayan Serow has been spotted in the Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam.  About Himalayan Serow: Himalayan serow is a subspecies of the mainland serow. It resembles a cross between a goat, a donkey, a cow, and a pig. Species: There are several species of serows in the world. All of them… Continue reading “Himalayan serow” spotted in the Manas Tiger Reserve, Assam

“The Caracal” is now critically endangered

What is the news? The National Board for Wildlife includes the caracal in the list of critically endangered species. The recovery programme for critically endangered species in India now includes 22 wildlife species. About Caracal: It is a medium-sized wild cat native to Africa, Middle East, Central Asia and South Asia including India. The population… Continue reading “The Caracal” is now critically endangered

What are “Hedgehog Species”?

About Hedgehog Hedgehog is an insectivorous spiny(needle-like anatomical structure) mammal of the subfamily Erinaceidae. These mammals have been on this land even before human evolution. However, there is no mention of them even in our folk tales. Characteristics of Hedgehog: Features: They have short limbs and a body low to the ground. Their most distinctive… Continue reading What are “Hedgehog Species”?

“Black-Necked Crane” named in Assam

What is the News? Black-necked cranes (Grus nigricollis) have been sighted for the first time in Assam. To celebrate this, the bird was given an Assamese name: “Deu Korchon” (Deu means god and Korchon means crane). Black Necked Crane: The black-necked crane is endemic to the Tibetan Plateau. It is a medium-sized crane that is… Continue reading “Black-Necked Crane” named in Assam

Elephants died of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia(HS) in Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary

What is the News? 6 elephants died of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia(HS) in Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary. This sanctuary is located in Odisha’s Kalahandi district. Haemorrhagic septicaemia(HS) It is a contagious bacterial disease caused by the bacteria Pasteurella multocida. In this disease, the respiratory tract and lungs of the animals are affected, leading to severe pneumonia. Vulnerable Group:… Continue reading Elephants died of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia(HS) in Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary

Conservation of migratory birds

Synopsis- Migratory birds are important for ecological balance. However, they are facing several threats, leading to their extinction. What are migratory birds? Bird migration is their regular seasonal movement. Birds fly hundreds and thousands of KMs to find the best habitats for feeding, breeding, and raising their young ones. Migratory birds come to India from… Continue reading Conservation of migratory birds

“Mandarin Duck” spotted in Assam’s Maguri Beel after 118 years

What is the News? Mandarin ducks appeared after 118 years in the Maguri-Motapung beel in Assam’s Tinsukia district. Mandarin Duck: It is provided with a tag of the most beautiful duck in the world. Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist Carl Linnaeus first spotted and identified this bird in 1758. Key Characteristics of Mandarin Duck: Features:… Continue reading “Mandarin Duck” spotted in Assam’s Maguri Beel after 118 years

‘Spatial Mark-Resight'(SMR) model to estimate Leopard population

What is the news? Scientists from three organizations namely Aaranyak, Panthera, and WWF-India have developed a model called ‘Spatial Mark-Resight'(SMR). It will precisely estimate the population size of leopards. Why ‘Spatial Mark-Resight'(SMR) model developed? Leopards can be identified like tigers with the help of their unique shape and size of the rosettes (black circular marks).… Continue reading ‘Spatial Mark-Resight'(SMR) model to estimate Leopard population

“Giant Leatherback Turtle” nesting sites threatened by Andamans development project

What is the News? In the Andaman and Nicobar(A&N) Islands tourism and port development projects are under the proposal. However, it is threatening some of the most important nesting populations of the “Giant Leatherback turtle”. Giant Leatherback turtle Giant Leatherback turtles are named for their shell. Their shells are leather-like rather than hard, like other… Continue reading “Giant Leatherback Turtle” nesting sites threatened by Andamans development project

175% rise in waterfowls in “Kaziranga National Park”

What is the News? The third annual census of birds in the Kaziranga National Park has been released. The main objective of the census was to record and estimate waterfowls and winter migratory birds. It also monitors and assesses the health of wetlands in the Park. Water fowls and Winter Migratory Birds: The Park has… Continue reading 175% rise in waterfowls in “Kaziranga National Park”

The “fishing cat” in India is under threat

What is the News? The Fishing Cat Conservation Alliance will be starting a worldwide month-long campaign. It will raise awareness and garner support across the globe for the conservation of the Fishing Cat. About Fishing Cat It is a highly elusive wild cat feline species found primarily in wetland and mangrove habitats. Characteristics: Adept swimmers:… Continue reading The “fishing cat” in India is under threat

Nilgiri Elephant Corridor and Biosphere Reserve

What is the News? The Supreme Court has appointed a new member to the Technical Committee on Nilgiri Elephant Corridor. The Supreme court last year constituted a committee to hear complaints by landowners against the action taken by the Nilgris Collector. The Nilgiris collector’s action includes the sealing of landowners’ buildings in the Nilgiris Elephant… Continue reading Nilgiri Elephant Corridor and Biosphere Reserve