“Costs of Climate Change in India Report”: India may lose 3-10% of its GDP in 2100

What is the news? Costs of Climate Change in India report has been released by London-based global think tank Overseas Development Institute. About Costs of Climate Change in India Report: It looks at the economic costs of climate-related risks in India. It also points to the possibility of increased inequality and poverty due to climate… Continue reading “Costs of Climate Change in India Report”: India may lose 3-10% of its GDP in 2100

COP26 a last chance to fulfil Paris agreement goals

Synopsis: There are certain issues that need to be addressed in the upcoming Cop26 to limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. Background The Paris Agreement aims to restrict the rise of global temperature this century below 2-degree Celsius, above pre-industrial levels. And also, to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees… Continue reading COP26 a last chance to fulfil Paris agreement goals

Human-induced global warming causes over a third of “heat-related deaths”: Study

What is the News? According to a study published in the journal Nature Climate Change, more than one-third of the world’s heat-related deaths between 1991 and 2018 are due to global warming. Key Findings of the study: Between 1991 and 2018, more than a third (37%) of all deaths in which heat played a role… Continue reading Human-induced global warming causes over a third of “heat-related deaths”: Study

World Bank report highlights the role of “Black Carbon” in the Himalayas

What is the News? The World Bank has released a report titled “Glaciers of the Himalayas, Climate Change, Black Carbon and Regional Resilience”. About the Report: The report studies the impact of Black Carbon (BC) on Glacier melting. It covers the Himalaya, Karakoram and Hindu Kush (HKHK) mountain ranges. In the end, it concludes that… Continue reading World Bank report highlights the role of “Black Carbon” in the Himalayas

“Climate Breakthroughs Summit” and “Race To Zero Campaign”

What is the News? The Climate Breakthroughs Summit is being held virtually. About Climate Breakthroughs Summit: Climate Breakthroughs Summit is a collaboration between the following. World Economic Forum, Mission Possible Partnership, United Nations Climate Champions and the United Kingdom Climate Change Conference (COP26) Presidency. Aim: It aims to demonstrate progress in critical sectors of the… Continue reading “Climate Breakthroughs Summit” and “Race To Zero Campaign”

Climate Change impact on Cave Arts of Sulawesi Island of Indonesia

What is the News? A new Australian study has suggested that climate change may be accelerating the degradation of Pleistocene-era rock paintings located in the Sulawesi Island of Indonesia. It is the world’s oldest cave art. About the study: Australian and Indonesian archaeological scientists conducted the study.  The scientists examined around 11 caves and rock-shelters in… Continue reading Climate Change impact on Cave Arts of Sulawesi Island of Indonesia

“Beema Bamboo”: A clone of “Bambusa balcooa” can mitigate climate change

What is the News? Tamil Nadu Agricultural University(TNAU) has designed an ‘oxygen park’ within its premises at Coimbatore with Beema Bamboo. About Beema Bamboo: Beema or Bheema Bamboo is a superior clone selected from Bambusa balcooa. It is a higher biomass yielding bamboo species. A clone is an animal or plant that has been produced… Continue reading “Beema Bamboo”: A clone of “Bambusa balcooa” can mitigate climate change

“Global Methane Assessment” :The UN Report on human-caused methane emissions

What is the News? Climate and Clean Air Coalition(CCAC) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has released a report titled “Global Methane Assessment: Benefits and Costs of Mitigating Methane Emissions”. Objective: The report has suggested that the world needs to dramatically cut methane emissions to avoid the worst of climate change. Key Findings of… Continue reading “Global Methane Assessment” :The UN Report on human-caused methane emissions

A report on “Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions”: India is the 3rd-largest emitter

What is the News? The research and consulting firm, Rhodium Group, has released a report on Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Key Findings of the report: Global Greenhouse gas emissions including emissions of all six Kyoto gases have reached 52 gigatons of CO2-equivalent in 2019. This is an 11.4% increase over the past decade. The six… Continue reading A report on “Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions”: India is the 3rd-largest emitter

Climate Change is Shifting Earth’s Axis of Rotation

Synopsis-According to a new study, loss of water on land is shifting the earth’s axis of rotation. The reasons behind loss of water are ice melting and human-induced factors [such as excessive groundwater pumping]. Introduction- According to a study published in the Journal Geophysical Research letters, Earth’s axis of rotation has been rotating faster than… Continue reading Climate Change is Shifting Earth’s Axis of Rotation

At Leaders Climate Summit, Countries Adopted Net Zero Targets

Synopsis: At the Leaders Climate summit, the countries including U.S, U.K, Japan, etc. have adopted revamped Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) (under the Paris agreement). This is a step in the right direction, but a higher commitment is desired to keep temperature rise below 1.5 degrees celsius. Background: The two-day Leaders Climate Summit was hosted by… Continue reading At Leaders Climate Summit, Countries Adopted Net Zero Targets

WMO Releases “State of the Global Climate Report 2020”

What is the News? The World Meteorological Organization(WMO) has released its annual State of the Global Climate Report 2020. Key Findings of annual State of the Global Climate Report 2020: Temperature: 2020 was one of the three warmest years on record, despite a cooling La Niña. The other two warmest years were 2016 and 2019. Moreover,… Continue reading WMO Releases “State of the Global Climate Report 2020”

Important of Stepping Up National Climate Action Plans

Synopsis: Governments must effectively step up their national climate action plans. There is an opportunity to bring consensus for that in the upcoming Leaders’ Summit hosted by the United States. Introduction  It is time for bold climate action. We need to limit global heating to 1.5 degrees Celsius to stop the climate crisis from becoming… Continue reading Important of Stepping Up National Climate Action Plans

PM Addressed “Leaders Summit on Climate”

The Prime Minister of India has addressed the Leaders Summit on Climate virtually.  About Leaders Summit on Climate: Leaders Summit on Climate is a conference hosted by the United States(US) President on Earth Day. The summit coincides with the fifth anniversary of the opening of the Paris Agreement on climate change for signature. Further, the… Continue reading PM Addressed “Leaders Summit on Climate”

Short Term Targeted Approach to Achieve Net Zero Emissions Target

Synopsis: India needs to follow a sector-wise Short term targeted approach with a focus on achieving short-term targets. Rather than admitting the long-term goal of achieving Net Zero Emissions Target by 2050. Background The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 1.5 °C report called for global carbon emissions to reach net-zero by 2050. Presently, the… Continue reading Short Term Targeted Approach to Achieve Net Zero Emissions Target

National Climate Vulnerability Assessment Report

What is the News? The Department of Science and Technology(DST) has released the National climate vulnerability assessment report. About National Climate Vulnerability Assessment Report: The National Climate Vulnerability Assessment Report identifies the most vulnerable states and districts in India, as per the current climate risk and key drivers of vulnerability. Indicators: Several key drivers of… Continue reading National Climate Vulnerability Assessment Report

Introducing Green Targets for Corporates

Synopsis: The government can introduce green targets and obligations on corporates. Adoption of such targets will help the global fight against climate change. Introduction:  The massive levels of production, consumption, and disposal of goods and services benefited economic growth. But it slowed the replenishment cycle of limited resources. This is evident from the impacts of Climate… Continue reading Introducing Green Targets for Corporates

Challenges Posed by Phasing Out Coal Use in India

Synopsis: India is considering a proposal to adopt a net-zero emission target. This demands a Phasing out coal use which would pose numerous challenges.  Background: The UN has urged wealthy nations to end Phasing Out Coal use by 2030.  Similarly, a private member bill was introduced in Lok Sabha in March 2021. The bill aims to… Continue reading Challenges Posed by Phasing Out Coal Use in India

Phasing Out Coal in India – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction Coal is the largest source of electricity in the world. Recently, the UN Secretary-General urged wealthy nations to end coal use by 2030. But, about 30% of the primary energy supply of the G20 countries depends on coal. Further, only a negligible decrease in coal use(0.9%) is observed between 2012 and 2017 in G20… Continue reading Phasing Out Coal in India – Explained, Pointwise

India should Ensure Climate Justice in Net Zero Target Debate

Synopsis: India needs to propose an alternative formulation that ensures Climate Justice in achieving the ‘net-zero target’. Background Recently, the United States Special Presidential Envoy for Climate visited India. Both sides discussed briefly about their cooperation on climate change and strategy for long term priorities and long-term targets. Also, S. President Joe Biden’s ‘Leaders’ Summit… Continue reading India should Ensure Climate Justice in Net Zero Target Debate

Why India should avoid Carbon Neutrality targets?

Synopsis: India must reject carbon neutrality as it would lead India into a low-development trap. Background Achieving carbon neutrality by midcentury is conceived as a scientific approach to limit temperature rise by 2°C According to the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit(ECIU), nearly 32 countries had declared their intention to achieve carbon-neutral status by 2050. Many… Continue reading Why India should avoid Carbon Neutrality targets?

Achieving Paris Agreement is the key to save “endemic species”: Study

What is the News? According to a study published in the journal Biological Conservation, 90% of the endemic species will face extinction unless the goals of the Paris Agreement are met. Note: Endemic species are those plants and animals that exist only in one geographical region. Species can be endemic to an island, state, nation,… Continue reading Achieving Paris Agreement is the key to save “endemic species”: Study

India’s policy towards Climate change

Synopsis: India adopted a liberal policy towards climate change in the pandemic era. This might generate significant negative impacts, thus demanding a comprehensive review. Background: Recently a meeting took place between U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate, John Kerry and PM Narendra Modi. The U.S has shown commitment to support India’s initiatives to combat climate… Continue reading India’s policy towards Climate change

Net Zero Emission Principle is not in Line with India’s National Ambitions

Synopsis: The principle of Net Zero emission is against Climate Justice. It needs reworking considering the national priorities of developing countries like India. Background The Paris Agreement, explicitly recognized that the peak of emissions will take longer for developing countries. It is to be achieved in the context of “sustainable development and efforts to eradicate… Continue reading Net Zero Emission Principle is not in Line with India’s National Ambitions

Carbon neutrality is against the interest of Developing countries

Synopsis: Developed countries are using the call for net zero emissions or carbon neutrality by 2050, to evade the historical responsibility. Further, they are using such targets to transfer their burdens to developing countries. Background Many countries are supporting the idea of becoming Carbon neutral (net-zero emissions) by 2050. However, the idea of developing Carbon… Continue reading Carbon neutrality is against the interest of Developing countries

Net Zero Emissions Target for India – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction Globally, the idea of net-zero emissions by 2050 gaining momentum. It is advised by many countries as a solution to tackle Climate Change. So far 58 countries have announced net zero emissions targets.  Together these countries account for more than half the world’s current GHG emissions. In the next 30 years, they all aim… Continue reading Net Zero Emissions Target for India – Explained, Pointwise

Working towards Climate Justice

Synopsis: New Delhi has to control its green commitment to guarantee carbon and policy space for its developmental goals. It will ensure Climate Justice. Introduction Joe Biden in the U.S. Presidential elections promised to lead a major diplomatic push to increase global climate ambition. The U.S. is moving back to Obama’s achievement of the Paris… Continue reading Working towards Climate Justice

Why India should Focus More on Climate Change Adaptation?

Synopsis- Climate Change initiatives are not working as per their aims. India’s climate policy should focus on Climate Change Adaptation measures instead of emission mitigation. Introduction The United Nations COP-26 summit is set to take place in Glasgow in November 2021. This conference was originally scheduled to be held last year but delayed due to… Continue reading Why India should Focus More on Climate Change Adaptation?

An evaluation of India’s actions against Climate Change

Synopsis: Events like Uttarakhand and Texas demand urgent climate action. However, the actions of India against climate change are not sufficient. How Uttarakhand floods and extreme events in Texas are related to Global warming? Natural disasters such as Himalayan glacier flooding and extreme cold wave in Texas (USA) are the consequences of global warming. In… Continue reading An evaluation of India’s actions against Climate Change

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Russia’s “Arktika-M satellite” to monitor Arctic climate

What is the News? Russia has successfully launched the Arktika-M satellite. The satellite was launched from the Soyuz carrier rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. About Arktika-M Satellite: Arktika-M satellite is a remote-sensing and emergency communications satellite Objective: It is designed to monitor the climate and environment in the Arctic region. Russia plans to send… Continue reading Russia’s “Arktika-M satellite” to monitor Arctic climate

Issues in the Process of Decarbonization

Synopsis- Grid failure in Texas and flash flood in Uttarakhand highlighted the issues in the process of decarbonization. Introduction Almost every major country has agreed to a time-bound, “net-zero” carbon emissions target. They are also in agreement over the steps required for decarbonization. However, it is not sufficient to just set the targets. There are… Continue reading Issues in the Process of Decarbonization

Clean energy is the key to COVID-19 recovery

Synopsis – United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) report shows that energy demand reductions mainly impacted fossil fuels. But Renewable energy development continued to grow throughout 2020. This shows that clean energy is key to the COVID-19 recovery, not fossil fuels. Introduction- UN-ESCAP released the Regional Trends Report, 2021.… Continue reading Clean energy is the key to COVID-19 recovery

What is “Extinction Rebellion”?

What is the News? Delhi Police have named environmental activists Disha Ravi, Nikita Jacob, and Shantanu Muluk, in its report. These activists were volunteers of the “Extinction Rebellion” movement. It seeks to call attention to the climate change emergency. Extinction Rebellion It was launched in the United Kingdom in 2018 as a response to a… Continue reading What is “Extinction Rebellion”?

“Hydrogen as a Fuel”: Applications, Advantages and Disadvantages

What is the news? In the Budget 2021-22, the Government of India announced the National Hydrogen Mission. This mission will aim at generating hydrogen from green power sources and using it as a fuel. Read more about Green Energy Initiatives in Budget 2021 About Hydrogen fuel  Hydrogen is the chemical element with the symbol H… Continue reading “Hydrogen as a Fuel”: Applications, Advantages and Disadvantages

Green Energy Initiatives in Budget 2021- Explained

Green energy initiatives are one of the most focused sectors in Budget 2021. India is already the 4th largest country in terms of total Renewable Energy installed capacity in the world. With the help of budgetary allocation and private participation, India has all the chances to be a global leader in green energy. But it… Continue reading Green Energy Initiatives in Budget 2021- Explained

“Global Climate Risk Index 2021” – India is 7th Worst Hit Nation

What is the News? German watch, the Germany-based think tank, released the Global Climate Risk Index,2021. About the Index  Data Sources: The index is prepared based on the data from the Munich Re NatCatSERVICE11.  The data is identified as one of the most reliable and complete databases worldwide, on this matter. Other than that, It… Continue reading “Global Climate Risk Index 2021” – India is 7th Worst Hit Nation

PM addressed “Climate Adaptation Summit 2021”

What is the News? The Prime Minister of India addressed the Climate Adaptation Summit 2021 virtually. About Climate Adaptation Summit 2021 Climate Adaptation Summit 2021: The summit is being hosted online by the Netherlands Government. Aim: CAS is aimed to accelerate, innovate and scale up global efforts in adapting to the effects of climate change.… Continue reading PM addressed “Climate Adaptation Summit 2021”

Global Risk Report, 2021

Why in News? The World Economic Forum(WEF) has released the 16th edition of the Global Risk Report, 2021. Report findings are based on the Global Risks Perception Survey (GRPS). GRPS was undertaken by more than 650 members of leadership communities of WEF (World Economic Forum). Aim: To highlight the risks and consequences of widening inequalities… Continue reading Global Risk Report, 2021

UNEP releases Adaptation Gap Report 2020 

Why in News?   United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has released the Adaptation Gap Report 2020.  Key Facts:  Adaptation: It is one of the pillars of Paris accord. It involves increasing capacity and reduction of vulnerability of countries and communities to climate-related disasters. This capacity will be built by national efforts and funding mechanisms.   Aim of the report: The report aims to indicate national and international efforts to advance adaptation.  Findings of the Adaptation Gap report,… Continue reading UNEP releases Adaptation Gap Report 2020 

Implication of warming in Arctic region

Synopsis- Warming in the Arctic region has many implications and the geopolitics is also changing in the region.  Introduction-  The Arctic has been warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet, with higher temperatures pushing sea ice into a loop of melting and thinning.  Since 1980, the amount of summer ice in cubic kilometers has decreased by an… Continue reading Implication of warming in Arctic region

Inequality of emission targets among developed and developing world

Synopsis: The current Climate change policy is designed to favour the interest of developed world over the interest of countries in the process of development, like India. Background: India, during the Climate Action Summit in Paris, avoided the commitments to cap emissions but agreed on an intended nationally determined contribution to reduce global temperature below 1.5 degree Celsius. Currently, with… Continue reading Inequality of emission targets among developed and developing world

Carbon capture technology not on track to reduce CO2 emissions

Source: DownToEarth News: According to a report by the International Energy Agency(IEA), progress on carbon capture and storage(CCS) technology from 2010-2020 was not on track to effectively control greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and achieve net zero emissions to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2050. Facts: What is CCUS? CCUS technology is designed to capture… Continue reading Carbon capture technology not on track to reduce CO2 emissions

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CO2 emissions from building sector highest in 2019: UNEP

Source: DownToEarth News: United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP) has released a report titled Global Status Report for Building and Construction,2020.  Facts:  The report has been prepared by the Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction(GlobalABC), the Secretariat of which is hosted by the UNEP.  Key Takeaways:  CO2 Emissions from the Building Sector: The building sector emitted more than a third of… Continue reading CO2 emissions from building sector highest in 2019: UNEP

India and EU cooperation on Climate Neutrality

Context: How India and EU are working towards the goal of mitigating climate change and what needs to be done further. In the Post-Covid world, investment towards greening the global economy has become a necessity so that situation doesn’t get any worse than at present, due to climate change. India and EU are taking many positive… Continue reading India and EU cooperation on Climate Neutrality

Climate mitigation

Context: The fifth anniversary of the Paris accord provided the scope of a virtual global meeting. What steps has India undertaken to mitigate climate change post Paris Agreement? Renewable energy targets: Initially, India had set a target of 175 GW of installed renewables capacity by 2020 and a guarantee that by 2030, 40 per cent of… Continue reading Climate mitigation

What is net zero target? How fair and realistic these targets are?

Climate Ambition Summit, co-hosted by the UK, France, and the UN, on the fifth anniversary of the 2015 Paris Agreement has brought back the debate on the fairness issues regarding the Net Zero targets and the pathways regarding greenhouse gas emission reduction. Status of emission reduction Countries were expected to submit their upgraded national target… Continue reading What is net zero target? How fair and realistic these targets are?

Five years after Paris agreement

Context: The Climate Ambition Summit, co-hosted by the UK, France and the UN, on the fifth anniversary of the 2015 Paris Agreement, comes at the end of a dreadful year. What is the climatic status of nations, 5 years after Paris agreement? GHGs: Greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere are at record levels, with the… Continue reading Five years after Paris agreement

Emissions Gap Report 2020

News: United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP) has released the Emissions Gap Report,2020. Facts: Emissions gap report: The report assesses the gap between anticipated emissions and levels consistent with the Paris Agreement goals of limiting global warming this century to well below 2°C and pursuing 1.5°C. Key Takeaways: Temperature Rise: World is still heading for a temperature… Continue reading Emissions Gap Report 2020

Climate Change Performance Index(CCPI) 2020

Source: Click here News: Climate Change Performance Index(CCPI) 2020 has been released. Facts: Released by: The index has been developed by not-for-profit organizations Germanwatch and NewClimate Institute (Germany) together with the Climate Action Network(CAN International). Objective: It is an important tool to enhance transparency in international climate politics and enables comparison of climate protection efforts and progress… Continue reading Climate Change Performance Index(CCPI) 2020