Source: The Hindu Syllabus: GS 4 – Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world. GS 3 – Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System-objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping. Synopsis: The protesting farmers are going through physical and mental suffering in Delhi’s severe winter. But… Continue reading Gandhian imprint in the farmer’s protest
Source: The Indian Express Syllabus: GS-3 Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies Synopsis: The agriculture and labour reforms passed recently creates a condition for productivity and enhance growth. This benefits millions of small farmers and unorganised workers. Farm Laws and the changes it brings: … Continue reading New Farm Laws and Labour Codes is the way forward
Synopsis: The process adopted by the government to enact the three farm laws was not appropriate. The government should reconsider its stand to not withdraw the laws. Introduction Much has been debated about the impacts and benefits of farm laws on farmers. But the ordinance route adopted to enact these laws was a clear violation… Continue reading Why Farm laws must be redrafted?
Synopsis: The Supreme Court’s decision to take a route of mediation, instead of judgment on the legality of the law, is being criticized by some experts. Let’s have look at the criticisms? What are the issues in SC mediation process? Supreme Court-appointed a committee and put a stay on implementation of the laws. Although it is officially not called a mediation committee, but the Court does mention its role in helping the… Continue reading Issues in SC Mediation step on farm laws
Synopsis: The Supreme court (SC) has stayed the implementation of farm laws. The decision is a case of violation of the separation of powers. Background Recently, the SC has stayed the implementation of three farm laws until further orders. The SC has also given direction to set up a four-member committee to break the deadlock between farmers and the Centre. Many experts opine… Continue reading SC judgment on farm laws: violation of separation of powers
News: The Supreme Court has stayed the implementation of Three Farm Laws until further Orders. Facts: Summary of the Supreme Court Order: Stay on Farm Laws: Implementation of three farm laws namely The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act and The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance… Continue reading Supreme Court stays implementation of 3 farm laws
This article has been created based on the Indian Express article “Misunderstanding the MSP” Synopsis- Mere amendments to farm laws will not solve the MSP issue, as the MSP system may not be able to face the private system of farm laws. Syllabus– GS Paper III (Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices)… Continue reading Contradictions between farm laws and the MSP system
Synopsis: Present agriculture reforms have not considered the ground level issues faced on the regional level and vertical level. Introduction New farmers laws Recently, the current government has opened up the output market with the purpose to let market forces improve effectiveness and create more value for farmers and the economy. New farm laws state that… Continue reading Issue of single law for different regions of agriculture
Synopsis: Absence of Madi system in Kerala has not impacted the farmer’s welfare in the state. Background: Thousands of farmers have assembled to protest against the 3 farm bills and have established a new way of life at Singhu, Tikri, Ghazipur, Noida and Shahjahanpur borders. Farmers have made all necessary arrangements for food, shelter, clothing, and sanitation. They… Continue reading Farmer welfare in Kerala, in the absence of Mandi system
Synopsis – the present market structure is not favorable for marginal farmers, the government should use the model of Farmers Producers Organisations (FPOs) for assisting farmers. Background A set of three laws passed in September aims to deregulate India’s enormous agriculture sector aimed at “liberating” farmers from the tyranny of middlemen. But many farmers fear that they… Continue reading Reforming Agriculture sector through FPOs
Synopsis: Recent controversy on recent farm laws highlights the importance of following parliamentary procedure not just in letter but in spirit as well. Introduction There are many benefits attached to the new farm laws for farmers and economy as well, still farm bills are facing heavy opposition. This situation could have been avoided by using… Continue reading Farm laws and Importance of parliamentary process in India
Context: Farm laws enacted by government will protect farmers’ interest only by providing them more option to sell their produce and enter into agreements with corporate buyers. Apprehensions are misplaced. Why there is need for reforms? The mandi trader role in APMC mandis reduces the net received by the farmer to below MSP due to… Continue reading How farm laws are Protecting Farmer’s interest?
Context: Need to extend MSP for other crops to promote crop diversification. How India achieved self-sufficiency in food grain production mainly in wheat and rice? Ship-to-mouth situation in India: In the early 1960s, near-famine conditions prevailed in India and some 10 million tonnes of wheat had to be imported from the US under the PL480 programme. Green… Continue reading MSP for other crops
Context- The economic calculus needs to shifts from ‘economies of scale with standardization’ to ‘economies of scope for sustainability’. How farm productivity can be increased and what are the consequences of this? The agriculture sector contributes 17 per cent of India’s GDP. As per estimate, about 57 per cent of the working population is engaged in… Continue reading Farmer’s protest in India
News: The Supreme Court has said that farmers have a constitutional right to continue with their “absolutely perfect” protest as long as their dissent against the three controversial agricultural laws did not slip into violence. Facts: Background: This ruling came by the Supreme Court during the hearing of a batch of petitions seeking removal of protesting farmers… Continue reading Farmers have constitutional right to continue with protest: SC
Syllabus: GS-2- Development issues Source: – Click Here Context: Although the issue of MSP system has been brought into the limelight by protest of farmers, but very little attention has been paid to the impacts of farm bills on the landless and agricultural laborers. Present data of landless laborers and tenant farmers About 60 per… Continue reading What are the negative impacts of farm laws on landless labourers and small tenant farmers?
Context: The next Green Revolution 2.0 will come through in-depth research, better investment opportunities and access to the market. What led to the green revolution? Scarcity of grain: After the China war, when India was standing at the cusp of economic destruction, Pakistan attacked India. There was an acute scarcity of food grains in the… Continue reading Green revolution 2.0 and new farm laws
Context: There is some risk necessary to reform Banking and Agriculture sectors. What are the recently announced reforms in Farming and Banking sector? The three farm bills legislated by the government recently, which are in the early stages of implementation. The second is a proposal by RBI to let corporates/industry own banks. Can MSP ensure… Continue reading Farm and Banking Reform
Context: A minuscule minority of farmers is protesting against the farm laws. They don’t want an end to the system that has benefited them. Background The creation of the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) came into existence almost 150 years ago to feed the colonial master’s raw cotton for their Manchester mills. The farmers were… Continue reading Why farm laws are enacted?
Context: The present farm laws alter the bargaining landscape in favour of the corporate players to the detriment of the farmers. What is current issue with farm laws? The three recently enacted farm laws assented have led to a showdown between the peasantry and the Union government. No consultation undertaken by the central government at… Continue reading Will Farm laws reduce Farmers income?
Context- The government’s dismissal of the concerns of farmers and workers with bold reforms is not only bad for democracy, it reduces quality of policies and also makes them harder to implement. What is the core problem in agriculture sector in India? Largest source of livelihood – there are too many people employed in agriculture.… Continue reading Government policies – harder to implement
Context: While the farmers demand a repeal of the three new farm laws, the government insists the reforms are “farmer-friendly”. What is the aim and impact of the new farm laws? Aim of farm laws: The farm laws seek to introduce the neoliberal notion of “choice” into the production and sale of agricultural produce through… Continue reading The state of farmers
Context- Agricultural operations may flourish with new farm acts, but they threaten to lead to the marginalization of the farmers How farmer’s protest is unique? Farmer’s group come together– 31 farmers’ organizations, which have different ideologies and leanings, are to fight collectively against these Bills. Kept politician out of agitation– The unions came together and formally decided to keep politicians… Continue reading Farmers could perish with new farm acts
Context- In the ongoing farm debate in the country the green reality check seems to be missing. What is agro ecology? It is a concept where agriculture sector of a country expanded along with keeping environmental protection [agriculture with sustainable environmental practice]. What is monoculture farming and is Impact? Monoculture is the agricultural practice of growing a single… Continue reading Monoculture farming- depleting natural resources
Context: The Farm Acts that are the focus of the farmers’ protest bear variously on the different strata of the farming community. How farming distress is shared in common by the different strata? The powerful farmers’ movements that sprouted across India from the 1970s, led by such iconic leaders as M.D. Nanjundaswamy, Sharad Joshi, and Mahendra… Continue reading The many layers to agricultural discontent
Context- Three Acts in Parliament and handed hurriedly, ignoring critical objections inside each Houses and the opposition outdoors. Why are these bills being opposed? End of MSP– The bills also lack any assurance about Minimum Support Price(MSP) Dismantling of the monopoly of the APMCs as a sign of ending the assured procurement of food grains… Continue reading Protesting farmer concerns
Context- Dismantling the procurement system is neither in the interests of farmers nor the government. What are the concerns of farmers related to new farmer’s acts? Farmer’s concern- Their main worry is about a possible withdrawal of the Minimum Support Price (MSP) and a dismantling of the public procurement of grains. This could corporatize agriculture; threaten… Continue reading Need for the procurement system
Context: Agriculture in India needs state support to thrive. Background Recently, President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to three contentious farm bills passed by Parliament. The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act,2020 (FAPAFS). The Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC). The Essential Commodities… Continue reading Farm Bills Concerns and evaluation
Context – Massive communication failure on the part of the central government to explain to farmers what these laws are, and how they are intended to benefit them. What is the farmer’s and States concern with regard to new farm laws? Farmer’s fear- This could corporatize agriculture, threaten the current mandi network and State revenues and dilute… Continue reading Farmer’s protest
Context- Farmers from all over the country are protesting seeking the repeal of the new farm laws. What is Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce [FPTC] Act, 2020? Break the monopoly- It allows intra-state and inter-state trade of farmers produce beyond the physical premises of Agricultural Produce and Livestock Market Committee (APMC) markets. State will be now prohibited from levying any market… Continue reading Dilli chalo farmer’s protest
Farmer’s protests is not a new phenomenon in India, but in recent years, the frequency of protests has been increased. Major protests reported from states like Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and UP. A look at the timeline of farmers’ protest over the last 10 years shows that the minimum support price (MSP) for various crops has… Continue reading Why Farmers are protesting and what is MSP system?
Context: Farmers Apprehensions about the new farm laws Background: Parliament passed three Farm Acts in September to reform the Agriculture sector. The reforms were aimed to make the agriculture sector more efficient and lucrative. However, it had the effect of upsetting large sections of farmers leading to agitation by more than 500 farmers’ unions. Most farmers… Continue reading Farmers Agitation
Source: Indian Express Context: The recently enacted farm bills have triggered debate on the desirability of the MSP regime. More in news: The period from 2004 to 2012 was the period of high commodity prices, high government procurement and rapid reduction in rural poverty. This shows a causal link between the high prices and… Continue reading Farm Bills and MSP
Minimum support price (MSP) for Farm Bill Context: The recently enacted farm bills have triggered debate on the desirability of the MSP regime. More in news: The period from 2004 to 2012 was the period of high commodity prices, high government procurement and rapid reduction in rural poverty. This shows a causal link between the… Continue reading Farm laws and desirability of MSP
Source: The Hindu Syllabus: Gs3: Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure, Devolution of Powers Context: The passage of the three Farm Acts has raised a constitutional debate on Union’s powers to legislate on state subjects. What are the three contentious farm bills? The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020. The… Continue reading Three Farm Acts and their constitutional debate.
Source: The Hindu Syllabus: GS3: Issues related to Direct and Indirect Farm Subsidies and Minimum Support Prices Context: Recently, the President has given his ascent on the three farm Bills. What are the issues with the bill? No clarity on MSP:the Bill does not specify that the contract price should be above the Minimum Support Price (MSP) declared by… Continue reading Significance and Issues associated with Farms laws
Source- The Indian Express Syllabus- GS 3- Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints Context- Many benefits are associated with farm laws that should be considered in the debates around them. How is the agriculture sector working on India’s Independence and till present? 1947-Agriculture contributed 50 per cent to the national income and… Continue reading Benefits of the farms laws
Source- The Indian Express Syllabus- GS 3- Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support price Context- There are many reasons behind the recently erupted protest against farm laws that should have been avoided by the government. What are the new Farm Bills? Three Farm Bills that are bond for contention- The Farmers’ Produce… Continue reading Reasons behind protest against farm laws
Source – The Indian Express Syllabus – GS 3- Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers. Context– The government claims that the new farm bills are a historic step taken… Continue reading Farm bills and opposition hypocrisy
Source- The Indian Express Syllabus- GS 3- Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers Context- Farmer’s organisation across the country gave a call for a bandh on September 25th to protest the three bills passed by Parliament. What are the new Farm Bills? Three Farm Bills that… Continue reading Farmers protesting on Farm bills
Detailed Analysis about Agricultural Reforms in Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan!