The JWST images can help us cherish earth’s present 

Source: The post is based on an article “The JWST images can help us cherish Earth’s present” published in The Times of India on 30th July 2022. Syllabus: GS 1 World Geography; and GS 3 Awareness in the fields of Space Relevance: Origin and Evolution of Earth; and James Webb Space Telescope (JWST); News: Recently,… Continue reading The JWST images can help us cherish earth’s present 

Overcoming the Aryan-Dravidian divide

Source: This post is based on the article “Overcoming the Aryan-Dravidian divide” published in The Hindu on 30th July 2022. Syllabus: GS 1 – Indian culture: salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. Relevance: About the Aryans and Dravidians. News: Recently the Governor of Tamil Nadu has been criticised for… Continue reading Overcoming the Aryan-Dravidian divide

India is greying – and what we can do about it

Source: The post is based on an article “India is greying and what we can do about it” published in the Live Mint on 25th July 2022.  Syllabus: GS 1 Population in India; GS 2 Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation Relevance: Population… Continue reading India is greying – and what we can do about it

Exploration, imports, private firms: India’s search for lithium spreads out

Source: The post is based on an article “Exploration, imports, private firms: India’s search for lithium spreads out” published in the Business Standard on 23rd July 2022. Syllabus: GS 1 Distribution of key mineral resources; and GS 3 Science and Technology- Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life; Achievements of Indians in Science… Continue reading Exploration, imports, private firms: India’s search for lithium spreads out

Incentivize the world’s farmers to improve soil health

Source: The post is based on an article “Incentivize the world’s farmers to improve soil health” published in the Live Mint on 21st July 2022.  Syllabus: GS 1 Salient features of World’s Physical Geography; and GS 3 Ecology and Environment  Relevance: Soil Health  News: Recently, ‘Conscious Planet: Save Soil’, a global movement to change the… Continue reading Incentivize the world’s farmers to improve soil health

Urban woes and construction catastrophe

Source: The post is based on an article “Urban woes and construction catastrophe” published in the Live Mint on 21st July 2022. Syllabus: GS 1 Urbanization in India; GS 3 Infrastructure; Cities Relevance: City Development News: Recently, the United Nations released its report titled the World Population Prospects 2022. The population in India is expected to… Continue reading Urban woes and construction catastrophe

Tunnel vision that is endangering India’s history

Source: This post is created based on the article “Tunnel vision that is endangering India’s history” published in The Hindu on 20th July 2022. Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – Art and Architecture in India Context: The article criticizes the planned revision to Section 20 of the ‘Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains’ Act. Section… Continue reading Tunnel vision that is endangering India’s history

India to become most populous nation by 2023: Reading the figures

Source: This post is based on the article “India to become most populous nation by 2023: Reading the figures” published in the Indian Express on 19th July 2022. Syllabus: GS 1 – Population and associated issues. Relevance: Population control policies. News: The earlier UN reports in the middle of the Nineties projected that India’s population will be 1.53 billion in… Continue reading India to become most populous nation by 2023: Reading the figures

With India set to become most populous nation, a prosperity lesson

Source: This post is based on the article “With India set to become most populous nation, a prosperity lesson” published in the Indian Express on 17th July 2022. Syllabus: GS 1 – Population and associated issues. Relevance: Population control policies. News: Three years ago, the UN Population Prospects (2019) projected that India will surpass China’s population… Continue reading With India set to become most populous nation, a prosperity lesson

India’s biggest challenge

Source: The post is based on an article “India’s biggest challenge” published in the Business Standard on 14th July 2022. Syllabus: GS1 – Population and Associated Issues; GS 3 Indian Economy; Inclusive Growth Relevance: Population; Employment; Demographic Dividend News: In the recent past, the population division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs,… Continue reading India’s biggest challenge

India in 2023: The challenge and opportunity of being the most populous country

Source: The post is based on the following articles “UN projections on population underline opportunities and challenges, addressing which will require long-term vision and imagination” published in the Indian Express on 12th July 2022. “Sonalde Desai writes | India in 2023: The challenge and opportunity of being the most populous country” published in the Indian Express on 12th July… Continue reading India in 2023: The challenge and opportunity of being the most populous country

India’s monsoon faces climate change. Earth needs a ‘soft path for water’ now

Source: The post is based on an article “India’s monsoon faces climate change. Earth needs a ‘soft path for water’ now” published in The Times of India on 9th July 2022. Syllabus: GS 1 Salient features of World’s Physical Geography; Distribution of Key Natural Resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); Relevance:… Continue reading India’s monsoon faces climate change. Earth needs a ‘soft path for water’ now

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Maulana Azad show how to deal with hurt religious sentiments

Source: This post is based on the article “Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Maulana Azad show how to deal with hurt religious sentiments” published in The Indian Express on 7th Jul 22. Syllabus: GS1 – Society Relevance: Blasphemy and associated issues News: Muslims find blasphemy an abominable act for which the offender must part with… Continue reading Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Maulana Azad show how to deal with hurt religious sentiments

Rewriting ‘old history’ for a New India

News: Recently, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Education, Women, Children, Youth, and Sports, tabled its Report on the Reforms in Content and Design of School Textbooks. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is in the process of formulating the new National Curriculum Framework. At the heart of this process is the rewriting… Continue reading Rewriting ‘old history’ for a New India

The duality of India

Context: In the history of Independent India, the South India States have reacted to the policy moves by the Centre quite differently from their counterparts in north India. How was the response of south India to the Centre’s major policy initiatives different from the response of north India? (1) Demonetization Period: In North India, there were… Continue reading The duality of India

Why North Is Rain-Starved & Northeast Is Flooded

News: After a season-long heatwave from March to May, the north-northwest and central India are undergoing a rainfall deficit, while Northeast India and Bangladesh are hit with devastating floods. For instance, Meghalaya’s Mawsynram – the world’s wettest place – recorded more than 1,000 mm of rain for the first time on June 17. What are… Continue reading Why North Is Rain-Starved & Northeast Is Flooded

The choice is narrowing the circle or widening it

News: Recently, it is said that ‘India is witnessing the progressive normalisation of minority baiting’. About India’s Minority Muslims are our largest religious minority. They constitute 14.3% of the total population. In terms of population, their 200 million number is more than the populations in Indonesia, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Some happenings in a related context… Continue reading The choice is narrowing the circle or widening it

The head and heart of secularism

News: Whether a particular religious practice offends the principles of secularism is often debated in India. The French model of secularism It is clear of all religious considerations. It debars the public officials to demonstrate their religious affiliation, does not permit the wearing of Cross or, if worn, cannot be shown and prohibits the wearing of… Continue reading The head and heart of secularism

Time to end systemic misogyny reflected in the gender pay gap

News: Prevailing gender pay gap in developed and developing economies What is the situation wrt gender pay inequity? In a pre-pandemic world, UN Women stated that “women only make 77 cents for every dollar earned by men“, resulting in lifelong income inequality. An International Labour Organization policy brief in July 2021 drew attention to the… Continue reading Time to end systemic misogyny reflected in the gender pay gap

Musings on ‘Indic civilisation’ and Indianness

News: Contemporary international politics has rendered less significant to cultural influence. The modern indices of strategic thinking, economic interests, and geopolitical affinities have gained more prominence than the cultural aspects. But India must treat Indic civilisation as a matter of pride. How Indic Civilization is different from geographical and geopolitical India? Geographical idea of India:… Continue reading Musings on ‘Indic civilisation’ and Indianness

The path towards greater religious tolerance and social harmony

Context: In the words of K M Munshi: “Indian culture is a living force. It absorbs alien elements when necessary but transmutes them into a new pattern of homogeneous richness. It has made us what we are in the world today; and will make us what we want to be in the world tomorrow.”  Nature… Continue reading The path towards greater religious tolerance and social harmony

Urban mining

News: In late April, the Municipal Corporation of Gurugram angrily ordered its officials to find out who dumped “malba” — the Hindi word for Construction and Demolition Waste (C&DW) on either side of the Gurugram-Faridabad road. Frameworks to tackle C&DW already exist. Implementation needs to be improved. What are the causes behind C&DW? C&DW is… Continue reading Urban mining

The debates around the Surrogacy Act

News: Petitioners in the Delhi High Court questioned why marital status, age, or gender were the criteria for being allowed to commission or not commission surrogacy in India. The female petitioner said that she already had a child, but the trauma of the first childbirth experience and her need to juggle work with child care… Continue reading The debates around the Surrogacy Act

Urban agriculture can help make cities sustainable and liveable

News: Recently, the Union finance minister wished to make India cities “centres of sustainable living with opportunities for all”. The FM argued for a paradigm shift in urban planning with announcement to set up a high-level committee to steer the required changes in urban policy, planning, capacity building and urban governance What are the problems… Continue reading Urban agriculture can help make cities sustainable and liveable

Explained: The cultural roots and significance of PM Modi’s gifts for his Quad colleagues

News: As the India Prime Minister travelled to Tokyo to attend the Quad Summit, he carried with him gifts for leaders of the US, Australia and Japan showcasing India’s rich cultural heritage and art forms. A look at those gifts and their cultural roots. Sanjhi art panel for US President Joe Biden The intricate sanjhi… Continue reading Explained: The cultural roots and significance of PM Modi’s gifts for his Quad colleagues

On Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s 250th birth anniversary, remembering the legacy of the father of Modern Indian Renaissance

Context: One of the most influential social and religious reformers of the 19th century, Ram Mohan Roy, was born on May 22, 1772 in what was then Bengal Presidency’s Radhanagar in Hooghly district. As India grapples increasingly with changing social and religious circumstances, Roy’s work in the sphere of women’s emancipation, modernising education and seeking… Continue reading On Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s 250th birth anniversary, remembering the legacy of the father of Modern Indian Renaissance

On marital rape, regressive notions undermine autonomy of women 

News: Recently, two judges of the Delhi High Court handed down separate judgments on the constitutional validity of the “Marital Rape Exception” under Section 375 of the IPC in RIT Foundation v Union of India Case.   What is the law?  Section 375 defines “rape” as when a man has sex with a woman without her… Continue reading On marital rape, regressive notions undermine autonomy of women 

Increasing the pace of India’s urbanisation 

News: In recent years, the governments has started to realise that the cities are the drivers of economic growth.   Trends of Urbanization  In 1960, the global rate of urbanisation was at 33.61%. In 2003, more people were living in cities than in villages. In 2020, the global urbanisation rate was at 56.15% in 2020.   In… Continue reading Increasing the pace of India’s urbanisation 

A concerted effort in re-imagining museums 

News: On the occasion of International Museum Day on May 18, the Ministry of Culture allowed free of cost admissions to all museums which are under its ambit for a week.   Advantages of making free admission into the museums  This will make our art and culture accessible to all and also provides an opportunity to… Continue reading A concerted effort in re-imagining museums 

West Bengal’s jute industry barely hanging by a thread

News: Recently, the West Bengal’s jute industry is facing a severe crisis. Several mills (like Reliance Jute Mill, the Gondolpara Jute Mill etc.) have announced the temporary suspension of operations this year. Status of jute industry in the West Bengal According to the Indian Jute Mills Association (IJMA), there are about 93 jute mills in… Continue reading West Bengal’s jute industry barely hanging by a thread

Marital rape is rape: Why modern India still won’t accept this

News: In a recent two-judge bench of the Delhi High Court gave a split ruling on marital rape. It ensured a future hearing of the matter with a larger bench. Why marital rape has not been criminalized yet? First, the concepts of rape and marriage have been seen as mutually exclusive, i.e. they could not… Continue reading Marital rape is rape: Why modern India still won’t accept this

This is what keeps educated women out of the workforce 

News: Recently, an International Deloitte survey report was released. The survey finds that there is a trend of low and declining levels of women’s workforce participation in economic activities. Further, the trend has been worsened during the pandemic years  What are the challenges in front of women to participate in economic activities?  First, there are… Continue reading This is what keeps educated women out of the workforce 

Women entrepreneurs need digital empowerment

Context: A digital gap highlighted by the covid pandemic must be bridged for progress to be made on entrepreneurial gender parity. Why women entrepreneurship needs to be encouraged in the society? Better educated and healthier generations: Encouraging women entrepreneurship could play a pivotal role in uplifting India’s economy and bring about improvements on various social… Continue reading Women entrepreneurs need digital empowerment

Cities will drive growth, but only if we build right: Follow master plans, develop transit networks, grow vertically, conserve water, recruit urban managers

Context: Urbanisation will be the single biggest agent of growth in the next few decades in India, but only if we design optimum policies alongside. What is the scale of urbanisation in India? India is already the second-largest urban system in the world with 11% of the total global urban population living in Indian cities.… Continue reading Cities will drive growth, but only if we build right: Follow master plans, develop transit networks, grow vertically, conserve water, recruit urban managers

Art museums and the craft of democracy

News: Recently, the Prime Minister of India inaugurated the Pradhan Mantri Sangrahalaya on the grounds of Teen Murti House in New Delhi. While doing so he declared that the new museum would help youth value the expansion of constitutional government in India since Independence. History of National Museums Large art museums emerged in Europe in the eighteenth… Continue reading Art museums and the craft of democracy

Urbanisation and development

Context: World Bank has projected that every seven of 10 people will be living in urban cities by 2050. Therefore, the emphasis on urbanisation and its correlation with sustainable development has never been stronger. It not only gives a clear picture of the degree of concentration of people in a region, but also highlights the… Continue reading Urbanisation and development

Solving India’s idol theft problem

Context: Article, citing a CAG report, shines a light on the issue of the antiquities being stolen from monuments/sites and from Site Museums in India. What were the findings of the CAG report? The 2013 report on “Preservation and Conservation of Monuments and Antiquities”, by the CAG found that 131 antiquities were stolen from monuments/sites… Continue reading Solving India’s idol theft problem

Why time banking is a crucial tool to empower women

Context: Unpaid work is crucial for development of the society and economy, but is often invisible. Women perform 75% of the world’s unpaid care work. The largest source of women’s unpaid labor is domestic work. These include household chores like grocery shopping, cooking, cleaning as well as caregiving to the children, elderly and infirm. What… Continue reading Why time banking is a crucial tool to empower women

Celebrating India’s contribution to the world of knowledge 

Context: Recently there have been debates and discussion over India’s contribution and achievements in various domains of knowledge. The debates arose because despite immense contributions, India’s achievements remain unattributed and uncelebrated despite 5,000 years old civilization. The topic became more important as India is going to celebrate its 75 years of Independence.   What have been… Continue reading Celebrating India’s contribution to the world of knowledge 

Protect the film archive. This can’t be done by handing it to a corporation 

News: Recently, the government has merged the Films Division, Children’s Film Society, International Film Festival of India (IFFI), Directorate of Film Festivals, and National Film Archive of India (NFAI) with the NFDC (National Film Development Corporation of India).  What are the achievements of the NFAI?  Contributed to the growth of our film culture. It has… Continue reading Protect the film archive. This can’t be done by handing it to a corporation 

NALSAR University shows how meaningful action can be taken for LGBTQI+ inclusivity: By listening to students 

News: NALSAR University of Law in Hyderabad released a draft Policy on Inclusive Education for Gender and Sexual Minorities. The University will allow one of the floors in a hostel to be a gender-neutral space for students who self-identify as LGBTQI+.   In 2018, the Tata Institute of Social Sciences had established a gender-neutral space… Continue reading NALSAR University shows how meaningful action can be taken for LGBTQI+ inclusivity: By listening to students 

Film archives are our heritage. They must not be monetised 

News: In recent developments, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB) has decided to bring all regional and national offices of the National Film Archives of India (NFAI), Films Division (FD), Children’s Film Society of India (CFSI), and Directorate of Film Festivals (DFF) under the workings of the National Film Development Corporation (NFDC).  Brief Introduction… Continue reading Film archives are our heritage. They must not be monetised 

The serious public health burden of gender violence 

Context: Gender-based violence constitutes one of the serious public health burdens in India.  What is gender-based violence?  ‘Gender-based violence’ refers to violence that is directed towards an individual owing to their gender and/or sexual orientation. It also includes efforts to bring young boys or LGBTQIA+ individuals into dominant forms of masculinity or femininity.  Global and… Continue reading The serious public health burden of gender violence 

Sanskritisation

Context: A long-drawn phenomenon that is not restricted to caste hierarchy, but also encompasses a wider social and cultural process. Concept of Sanskritization It was coined and popularised by M.N. Srinivas, an eminent social anthropologist in his book Religion and Society Among the Coorgs of South India (Oxford, 1952), Initially, ‘Sanskritization’ referred to the lower castes’ adoption… Continue reading Sanskritisation

WESTERN MNCs HAVE WEAKENED GLOBALIZATION BY TAKING SIDES

News: Recently McDonald’s closed its outlet in Moscow. This could be bad news for the global economy. Why this move of MNCs is against globalisation? Firstly, It reflects that MNCs are not neutral, furthermore, it is being advertised as corporate virtue signaling or their good moral values. It has undermined the argument that companies are… Continue reading WESTERN MNCs HAVE WEAKENED GLOBALIZATION BY TAKING SIDES

India’s gender empowerment enigma

Context: The International Women’s Day was celebrated. But, the focus on gender inequality has not been adequate in the country. What are the steps taken to tackle gender inequality? The government has made reforms which mandated longer maternity leave for women, the provision of better child care facilities in workplaces, the subsidized cooking gas distribution… Continue reading India’s gender empowerment enigma

 A new Vision for Old age care 

News: According to the UN World Population Ageing Report, India’s ageing population (those aged 60 and above) is projected to increase to nearly 20% by 2050 from about 8% now.  Also currently, as India becomes increasingly urbanised, families are breaking up into smaller units which has lead to several homes for the elderly coming up… Continue reading  A new Vision for Old age care 

If women are not empowered, the economy loses 

News: Women in India have been in top positions in almost all the sectors like politics, administration and financial sector as well. However, despite this progress, we have a long way to go before we could say that there is complete gender equality in every respect. Glass ceilings are beginning to shatter, but there is… Continue reading If women are not empowered, the economy loses 

MORE WOMEN IN POLITICS WILL STRENGTHEN DEMOCRACY

News: After Covid-19, the position of role of women is strengthening in the political and civic life of democracy in South Asia. Trends of Women Role in Politics Global level: women leaders, such as Jacinda Ardern (New Zealand), Tsai-Ing Wen (Taiwan), Sanna Marin (Finland) and KK Shailaja (Kerala) has shown superior performance in handling the… Continue reading MORE WOMEN IN POLITICS WILL STRENGTHEN DEMOCRACY