India, US sign landmark defence pact BECA

News:India and the US have signed the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement(BECA) for geo-spatial cooperation. Facts: What is BECA? It is a communication agreement between the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency of the US Department of Defence and the Ministry of Defence of the Government of India. Purpose: It allows India and the US to share military… Continue reading India, US sign landmark defence pact BECA

India, Denmark elevate ties to ‘green strategic partnership’

News: India and the Kingdom of Denmark have launched the Green Strategic Partnership for delivering sustainable solutions to India. Facts: Green Strategic Partnership: The Partnership will focus on expanding economic ties, green growth and cooperation on global challenges such as climate change.  Green growth is a term to describe a path of economic growth that… Continue reading India, Denmark elevate ties to ‘green strategic partnership’

India and Japan sign Memorandum of Cooperation in field of cybersecurity

News: Union Cabinet has given its approval for signing a Memorandum of Cooperation(MoC) in the field of cybersecurity between India and Japan. Facts: Aim: The Memorandum of Cooperation(MoC) will enhance cooperation in areas of mutual interest which in­clude:  Capacity building in the area of cyberspace Protection of critical infrastructure Cooperation in emerging technologies Sharing information… Continue reading India and Japan sign Memorandum of Cooperation in field of cybersecurity

India-China standoff casts shadow on Nathu La border trade

News: The tensions between India and China has affected trade along the Nathu La. Facts: Nathu La: It is a mountain pass in the Himalayas connecting Sikkim with Chumbi Valley of the Tibetan Plateau in China. It is one of the three open trading border posts between China and India; the others being Shipkila in… Continue reading India-China standoff casts shadow on Nathu La border trade

India, China agree on 5-point plan to de-escalate LAC stand-off

News: India and China have agreed on five points to guide their approach to the situation on the Line of Actual Control(LAC). Facts: Five Points: India and China should take guidance from the consensus of the leaders on developing India-China relations including not allowing differences to become disputes. The current situation in the border areas… Continue reading India, China agree on 5-point plan to de-escalate LAC stand-off

India, Japan ink mutual military logistics agreement

Facts:  India and Japan have signed the mutual logistics agreement called the “Reciprocal Provision of Supplies and Services agreement”. The agreement allows the militaries of the two countries to use each other’s bases and facilities for repair and replenishment of supplies. India has already signed similar logistics agreements with the US, , Australia, France and… Continue reading India, Japan ink mutual military logistics agreement

Explained: China twist in India-Bangladesh Teesta river challenge

News: Bangladesh is discussing an almost $1 billion loan from China for a comprehensive management and restoration project on the Teesta river.  Facts: Teesta River: It is a tributary of the Brahmaputra (known as Jamuna in Bangladesh), flowing through India and Bangladesh. Origin: The river rises in the eastern Himalayas flows through the Indian states… Continue reading Explained: China twist in India-Bangladesh Teesta river challenge

India announces $500 mn package for Maldives

News: India has announced a slew of connectivity measures for the Maldives in an effort to help Maldives deal with the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Facts: Key Measures: Greater Male Connectivity Project: It is a 6.7 kilometre bridge project connecting Male with Gulhifalhu Port and Thilafushi industrial zone that will help revitalise and… Continue reading India announces $500 mn package for Maldives

RBI signs $400 mn currency swap with Sri Lanka

News: The Reserve Bank of India(RBI) has signed a $400-million currency swap facility with Sri Lanka under the SAARC Currency Swap Framework 2019-22. Facts: Currency Swap: The term Swap means exchange.Under this, a country provides dollars to a foreign central bank which at the same time provides the equivalent funds in its currency to the… Continue reading RBI signs $400 mn currency swap with Sri Lanka

US remains India’s top trading partner in 2019-20

News: Ministry of Commerce and Industry has released the data on Bilateral trade between India-US for 2019-20. Facts: Key Takeaways: Largest Trading Partner: United States(US) has remained India’s top trading partner for the second consecutive fiscal in 2019-20. The bilateral trade between the US and India stood at $ 88.75 billion in 2019-02 as against… Continue reading US remains India’s top trading partner in 2019-20

India Elected Unopposed To Non-Permanent Seat Of UN Security Council

News: India has been elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council(UNSC) for a two-year term. Facts: The United Nations Charter established six main organs of the United Nations including the United Nations Security Council(UNSC). Other organs are UNGA, ECOSOC, Trusteeship Council, ICJ and UN secretariat. UNSC is composed of 15 Members: Five… Continue reading India Elected Unopposed To Non-Permanent Seat Of UN Security Council

Chinese troops makes slight retreat at Galwan Valley before crucial meet

News: Indian and Chinese troops have backed off slightly from Galwan river Valley ahead of crucial Lieutenant General level talks. Facts: Galwan River: It flows from the disputed Aksai Chin region to Ladakh of India.  Origin: It originates in the area of Samzungling on the eastern side of the Karakoram range and flows west to… Continue reading Chinese troops makes slight retreat at Galwan Valley before crucial meet

Depsang tensions echo 2013 standoff

News: The tensions between India and China have increased after reports of a heavy Chinese presence at Depsang Plains. Facts: Depsang Plains: It is an area at a crucial dip (called the Bulge) on the Line of Actual Control (LAC). Controlled by: India controls the western portion of the plains as part of Ladakh whereas… Continue reading Depsang tensions echo 2013 standoff

India, U.S. to collaborate on COVID-19 vaccine trials, say U.S. health officials

News:India and the U.S have decided to work together on vaccine research and testing for COVID-19 under the Indo-U.S. Vaccine Action Program(VAP). Facts: The Indo-US Vaccine Action Programme(VAP) is a bilateral programme established in 1987. Aim: To develop and evolve joint R&D projects towards development of safe and efficacious vaccines against some of the major… Continue reading India, U.S. to collaborate on COVID-19 vaccine trials, say U.S. health officials

India provides 2 million USD aid to United Nations Relief and Works Agency(UNRWA)

News:India has given USD 2 million in aid to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency(UNRWA) working for the welfare of Palestinian refugees. Facts: The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) was established by the United Nations in 1949. Purpose: To provide assistance and protection for registered Palestine refugees to help… Continue reading India provides 2 million USD aid to United Nations Relief and Works Agency(UNRWA)

Indian and Chinese troops clash in Sikkim, Ladakh

News:Indian and Chinese troops have clashed at two points along the Line of Actual Control(LAC) namely at the Naku La Pass and Pangong Tso lake. Facts: Naku La Pass:It is a pass in Sikkim at an altitude of more than 5,000 metres above the mean sea level. Pangong Tso Lake:It is a long narrow landlocked… Continue reading Indian and Chinese troops clash in Sikkim, Ladakh

India, AIIB sign agreement for USD 500 million COVID-19 support for India

News:Government of India and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB) signed an agreement for a $500 million “COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project”. Facts: The project is co-financed by the World Bank. Aim: To help India prevent, detect and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and strengthen its public health preparedness. Additional Facts: Crisis Recovery… Continue reading India, AIIB sign agreement for USD 500 million COVID-19 support for India

India lodges protest against Pak SC nod to elections in Gilgit-Baltistan

News:The Government of India has issued a strong protest over an order by the Pakistan Supreme Court allowing the government to hold elections in the region of Gilgit-Baltistan. Facts: Gilgit Baltistan:It is a region administered by Pakistan as an administrative territory.It borders Azad Kashmir to the south, Afghanistan to the north, China to the east… Continue reading India lodges protest against Pak SC nod to elections in Gilgit-Baltistan

India remains on U.S. Priority Watch List

News:The US has again placed India on the Priority Watch List for lack of sufficient measurable improvements to its Intellectual Property framework that have negatively affected American right holders over the past year. Facts: Priority Watch List and Watch List countries are identified by the annual Special 301 Report. Priority Watch list countries -These are… Continue reading India remains on U.S. Priority Watch List

US Approves Sale of Military Hardware

News:The US State Department has approved the sale of missiles and torpedoes worth $155 million to India. Facts: Harpoon Block II Missile: It is an anti-ship missile capable of performing both land-strike and anti-ship missions. It would be integrated into the P-8I aircraft to conduct anti-surface warfare missions in defense of critical sea lanes. MK… Continue reading US Approves Sale of Military Hardware

India, US in talks for dollar swap line

News:India is working with the United States to secure a dollar (currency) swap line that would help in providing an additional comfort in an event of any abrupt outflow of funds. Facts: Dollar Swap arrangement: Under this, the US Federal Reserve will provide dollars to a foreign central bank.  At the same time,the foreign central… Continue reading India, US in talks for dollar swap line

Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum(IUSSTF)

News:Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum(IUSSTF) has created long-term Science and Technology(S&T) linkages between India & US. Facts: About IUSSTF: The Indo-U.S Science and Technology Forum(IUSSTF) was established under an agreement between the Governments of India and the United States of America in March 2000. It is an autonomous bilateral organization jointly funded by both the… Continue reading Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum(IUSSTF)

Cabinet approves MoU between India and Côte d’ivoire for cooperation in the field of Health

News:The Union Cabinet has approved an MoU between India and the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire on Cooperation in the field of Health. Facts: About Côte d’Ivoire: Côte d’Ivoire or Ivory Coast is located on the south coast of West Africa. It’s political capital is Yamoussoukro while its economic capital and largest city is the port… Continue reading Cabinet approves MoU between India and Côte d’ivoire for cooperation in the field of Health

India-Myanmar Relations

News:The President of Myanmar has visited India.During his visit,several agreements were signed between both the countries. Facts: About the MoUs signed:The two countries signed agreements in various fields such as: MoU on Cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Agreement regarding Indian Grant Assistance for Implementation of Quick Impact Projects (QIP) Project Agreement for construction… Continue reading India-Myanmar Relations

US President’s Visit to India

News:The US President is on a visit to India.During his visit,several agreements were signed between India and the United States. Facts: India and the United States have decided to upgrade their bilateral relationship to a Comprehensive Global Strategic Partnership(CGSP). The CGSP will include issues such as defence, security cooperation and revitalisation of the Indo-Pacific with… Continue reading US President’s Visit to India

US becomes India’s top trading partner

News:According to the 2018-19 data from the Commerce Ministry, the United States has become India’s top trading partner surpassing China. Facts: In 2018-19,the bilateral trade between the US and India stands at USD 87.95 billion as compared to USD 87.07 billion with China. India has a trade surplus of USD 16.85 billion with the USA… Continue reading US becomes India’s top trading partner

GSI discovers gold deposits in Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh

News:The Geological Survey of India(GSI) has discovered gold deposits of around 3,000 tonnes in Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh almost five times India’s current reserve of the yellow metal. Facts: About Gold Reserves: According to the World Gold Council,India is the 10th largest gold reserve country in the world with gold reserves of around 626… Continue reading GSI discovers gold deposits in Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh

India becomes 5th largest economy, overtakes UK, France:Report

News:According to a US-based think tank World Population Review,India has emerged as the world’s fifth largest economy by overtaking the UK and France in 2019. Facts: Key takeaways from the report: India’s economy is the fifth largest in the world with a GDP of $2.94 trillion. In purchasing power parity(PPP) terms, India’s GDP (PPP) is… Continue reading India becomes 5th largest economy, overtakes UK, France:Report

India, Portugal ink seven pacts

News:Indian and Portugal Prime Ministers have signed seven agreements to boost cooperation in a range of areas. Facts: About the agreements: The pacts provide for cooperation in areas of investment, transport, ports, culture and industrial and intellectual property rights.  They have also signed cooperation to promote Maritime Transport between the two countries for better operation… Continue reading India, Portugal ink seven pacts

USTR takes India off developing country list

News:The office of the United States Trade Representative(USTR) has taken off India from the list of developing countries that are eligible to claim benefits for preferential treatment with respect to Countervailing duties(CVDs) investigations Facts: Background: In 1998,the US had come up with lists of countries classified as per their level of development to harmonise it… Continue reading USTR takes India off developing country list

Cabinet approves MoU between India and Iceland in the field of Sustainable Fisheries Development

News:Union Cabinet has approved the Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) signed between India and Iceland in the field of Fisheries. Facts: Salient features of the MoU: Creation of facilities for exchange of scientists and technical experts and their proper placement, especially in areas of estimating Total Allowable Catches in offshore and deep sea areas. Provision of training… Continue reading Cabinet approves MoU between India and Iceland in the field of Sustainable Fisheries Development

Lucknow Declaration adopted at India-Africa Defence Conclave

News:India and 50 African countries have adopted the Lucknow Declaration at the first India – Africa Defence Minister’s Conclave. Facts: About Lucknow Declaration: Peace and Security:The countries have committed to continue their collaboration in the fields of peace and security including conflict prevention, resolution, management and peacebuilding. Terrorism:It condemned the growing threat of terrorism and… Continue reading Lucknow Declaration adopted at India-Africa Defence Conclave

Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO

News:Recently,the Indian Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO(INCCU) was chaired by the Union Human Resource Development(HRD) Minister. Facts: About INCCU: Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO(INCCU) was formed by the Government of India in 1949.It was made a permanent commission in 1951. It functions under the Department of Secondary and Higher Education in the Ministry… Continue reading Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO

SAARC’s full potential not utilised due to a single country

News:India’s Defence minister has said that the full potential of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC) has not been utilised due to behaviour of Pakistan. Facts: About SAARC: The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC) was established with the signing of the SAARC Charter in Dhaka in 1985. It comprises of eight Member States… Continue reading SAARC’s full potential not utilised due to a single country

Ganga-Volga Dialogue:India-Russia

News:The Ganga-Volga Dialogue was held between India and Russia in New Delhi. Facts: About Ganga-Volga Dialogue: The Ganga Volga Dialogue was conceptualized during 2018 India Russia Summit between Russian President and Indian Prime Minister. The dialogue was organised by the Ministry of External Affairs in collaboration with Dr.Syama Prasad Mookerjee Research Foundation. The objective of… Continue reading Ganga-Volga Dialogue:India-Russia

India provides platform, Maldives inches closer to re-enter Commonwealth

News:Recently,India has provided a platform for engagement between the Maldives and the Commonwealth Secretariat that could enable Maldives re-entry into the Commonwealth of Nations. Facts: About Commonwealth of Nations: Commonwealth of Nations formerly known as British Commonwealth is an international intergovernmental organization of countries that were mostly former territories of the British Empire and dependencies.… Continue reading India provides platform, Maldives inches closer to re-enter Commonwealth

India, Brazil to sign Strategic Action Plan

News:Brazilian President will be visiting India as the Chief Guest of the Republic Day celebrations from January 24-27,2020. Facts: About the visit: India and Brazil are expected to sign 20 various agreements across defence, energy, agriculture, healthcare and minerals.Among them,the major ones are: Strategic Action Plan:India and Brazil will upgrade their strategic partnership with a… Continue reading India, Brazil to sign Strategic Action Plan

Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement needed between India and the European Union:Edgars Rinkevics

News:Latvian foreign minister has said that India-EU trade cannot increase until the Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement(BTIA) between the European Union and India is negotiated. Facts: About Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement(BTIA): Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement(BTIA) is a Free Trade Agreement between India and EU which was initiated in 2007. The negotiations on agreement… Continue reading Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement needed between India and the European Union:Edgars Rinkevics

Indo-Japanese joint exercise ‘Sahyog-Kaijin’ begins off Chennai Coast

News:The Coast Guards of India and Japan took part in a joint exercise ‘Sahyog-Kaijin’ off the Chennai coast. Facts: About Sahyog-kaijin: Exercise Sahyog-Kaijin is a joint exercise between India and Japanese Coast Guards. The exercise is aimed at further strengthening bilateral ties and mutual understanding between the two coast guards.  It also aims to enhance… Continue reading Indo-Japanese joint exercise ‘Sahyog-Kaijin’ begins off Chennai Coast

India’s oil demand growth is set to overtake China by mid-2020s: IEA

News:The International Energy Agency(IEA) has released the India’s Energy Policy Report. Facts: About the report: The report has been prepared by the International Energy Agency(IEA) in collaboration with NITI Aayog.  The report aims to assist the government in meeting its energy policy objectives by setting out a range of recommendations in each area with a… Continue reading India’s oil demand growth is set to overtake China by mid-2020s: IEA

Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science

News:Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has approved the Agreement on cooperation in polar science between India and Sweden. Facts: About the agreement: The agreement between India and Sweden in polar science will enable sharing of the expertise available with both Countries. The agreement becomes significant as both India and Sweden are signatories to… Continue reading Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science

Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space

News:Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful and Civilian Purposes. Facts: India-Mongolia outer space cooperation agreement: The Union Cabinet has approved an agreement between India and Mongolia on cooperation in the exploration and uses of outer space for peaceful and civilian purposes. The… Continue reading Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space

India, Nepal to hold talks on Kalapani border issue

News:Ministry of External Affairs has said that India will resolve the Kalapani border issue through dialogue. Facts: About Kalapani: Kalapani is a valley that is administered by India as a part of the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand.It is situated on the Kailash Mansarovar route. Since the Indo-China war of 1962, the Kalapani is controlled by… Continue reading India, Nepal to hold talks on Kalapani border issue

India, China to intensify boundary settlement

News:India and China have agreed to intensify efforts to find a mutually acceptable solution to their border dispute and work on more Confidence Building measures(CBMs) to maintain peace and tranquillity along the frontier. Facts: About India-China Border: The border between India and China is not clearly demarcated throughout.Along certain stretches of its 3,488-km length,there is… Continue reading India, China to intensify boundary settlement

US gives ‘narrow exemption’ to India from sanctions on Chabahar for aid: Official

News:According to US officials,the US has provided a rare exemption to India from sanctions on the Chabahar port in Iran. Facts: About Chabahar port: Chabahar port is a seaport in Chabahar in South-Eastern Iran.Its location lies in the Gulf of Oman.It is the only Iranian port with direct access to the ocean. The Chabahar Agreement… Continue reading US gives ‘narrow exemption’ to India from sanctions on Chabahar for aid: Official

Defence ties to get push at ‘2+2’ with U.S

News:India and the US will meet for the second 2+2 ministerial dialogue in Washington,US. Facts: About 2+2 dialogue: The 2+2 is a format of dialogue where the defense and foreign ministers or secretaries meet with their counterparts from another country. The 2+2 ministerial dialogue between India and the US was started in 2017. This new… Continue reading Defence ties to get push at ‘2+2’ with U.S

India ranks 73rd in global E-Commerce ranking

News:United Nations Conference on Trade and Development’s(UNCTAD) has released the Business-to-Consumer(B2C) E-commerce Index 2019. Facts: About the Index: The index compares 152 countries on four major indicators that are highly related to E-Commerce which includes population age, individuals using the internet, postal reliability index and secure internet servers. Key takeaways from the index: Netherlands has… Continue reading India ranks 73rd in global E-Commerce ranking

Cabinet approves Agreement on Social Security between India and Brazil

News:The Union Cabinet has given its approval for signing the Agreement on Social Security between India and Brazil. Facts: About Social Security agreement: Social Security agreement allows exemption from double contribution to the social security system in both the countries. This means that the workers of both the countries are exempted from making social security… Continue reading Cabinet approves Agreement on Social Security between India and Brazil

Report on ‘enclaves’ highlights gaps in promise and delivery

News:More than four years after the Land Boundary Agreement(LBA) between India and Bangladesh, a report released by civil rights organisations has found that the situation in erstwhile enclaves states is not good. Facts: About the Land Boundary agreement: The Prime ministers of India and Bangladesh had signed the Land Boundary Agreement in 1974 to exchange… Continue reading Report on ‘enclaves’ highlights gaps in promise and delivery