Bringing Down the Western Hegemony on the World Order

Synopsis: Developing countries must unite to meet the challenges of the US-led liberal hegemonic world order Background The US hegemony started after the end of British imperialism in the aftermath of the Suez Crisis (1956). After, six decades-long control over the world order, the authority of the US has started declining. As a result, the… Continue reading Bringing Down the Western Hegemony on the World Order

The US Afghan Strategy Fails to Control Taliban

  Synopsis: The US Afghan strategy to pull out the US troops without any settlement leaves the Taliban stronger. Introduction: In 2020, the Trump administration signed a deal with the Taliban to pull off US troops from Afghanistan. Following that, the current President Joe Biden upheld the agreement and agrees to pull off US troops.… Continue reading The US Afghan Strategy Fails to Control Taliban

India on US’s “Currency Watch list”

What is the News?  The US treasury places India along with 10 other countries on its currency watch list. What is Currency Manipulator: Current Manipulators are countries engaging in “unfair currency practices” by deliberately devaluing their currency against the dollar. The practice would mean that the country in question is artificially lowering the value of… Continue reading India on US’s “Currency Watch list”

Strategic Autonomy will shape the Emerging global order

Synopsis: The middle powers like Japan, Iran, Turkey, and India are looking forward to strategic autonomy.  It will make the emerging global order into a multipolar world instead of a new Cold War type bi-polar world. Background The confrontation between greater powers (The US on one side and the Russia-China axis on the other side)… Continue reading Strategic Autonomy will shape the Emerging global order

Reviving India-Russia Relationship – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction Recently Russia’s foreign minister visited India and Pakistan. During his Pakistan visit, he mentioned that Russia is “open for any cooperation” with Pakistan. The Pakistan officials consider this as Russia’s “blank cheque” in the relationship. Apart from that, Russia also removed few restrictions in the Russia-Pakistan relationship. On the other hand, India Russia relationship… Continue reading Reviving India-Russia Relationship – Explained, Pointwise

“Raisina Dialogue” 2021 -Prime Minister addresses the Inaugural Session

What is the News? The Prime Minister has delivered a video address at the Inaugural Session of the Raisina Dialogue. About Raisina Dialogue: Raisina Dialogue is an annual multilateral conference on geopolitics and geoeconomics. The Ministry of External Affairs and the Observer Research Foundation have been jointly organizing it since 2016. Purpose: The conference discusses cooperation… Continue reading “Raisina Dialogue” 2021 -Prime Minister addresses the Inaugural Session

Why India Needs to Balance Relations with China, Russia and US?

Synopsis: India must actively engage with all the three big powers (US, Russia, China). It is because there is no guarantee that today’s friends will not confront and today’s enemy will not cooperate in the future. This is based on the principle that change is the only permanent thing in foreign relations. Background: The recent visit… Continue reading Why India Needs to Balance Relations with China, Russia and US?

Freedom of navigation operation (FONOP) in Indian waters

Synopsis: The U.S. Navy’s FONOP in India’s EEZ highlights the difference in the Indian and American perception on international maritime law (UNCLOS). Background Recently, the USS John Paul Jones carried out freedom of navigation operations (FONOP) in the west of the Lakshadweep Islands. It lies in India’s exclusive economic zone. It was done without requesting… Continue reading Freedom of navigation operation (FONOP) in Indian waters

Violation of India’s Exclusive Economic Zone by US Navy

Synopsis –  Recently, the US Navy challenged India’s maritime rights in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) near Lakshadweep Islands. It called India’s claim excessive and its actions as per the freedom of navigation. Introduction Recently, a move by the US navy came as a surprise to India. It is a surprise, especially after two successful… Continue reading Violation of India’s Exclusive Economic Zone by US Navy

Increasing Importance of Indo-Pacific for EU

Synopsis: Europe is ready for a new Indo-Pacific relationship. The new EU and Indo-Pacific relationship are mutually beneficial. Further, the EU can aid the Indo-Pacific region to become globally competitive. Introduction: When the global economy crashed in 2020, economies such as Vietnam and China grew. A number of Asia’s open societies showed how to successfully… Continue reading Increasing Importance of Indo-Pacific for EU

What is “global minimum corporate income tax”?

What is the News? The US Treasury Secretary has urged the world’s 20 advanced nations to move in the direction of adopting a Global minimum corporate income tax. What is the Global minimum corporate income tax? It is a type of corporate tax. Under this, If a company moves some of its operations to another… Continue reading What is “global minimum corporate income tax”?

“Freedom of Navigation operation”(FONOP) and the “Exclusive Economic Zone”

What is the News? The US Seventh Fleet has announced that one of its warships, USS John Paul Jones (DDG 53) has carried out a Freedom of Navigation operation(FONOP). The FONOP operation carried out approximately 130 nautical miles west of Lakshadweep Islands. This is inside India’s exclusive economic zone. But the US never received India’s… Continue reading “Freedom of Navigation operation”(FONOP) and the “Exclusive Economic Zone”

Chinese Threat to Hong Kong’ Democracy

Synopsis:  The new electoral techniques represent the end of democracy in Hong Kong that was never truly democratic. Background  Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of China. Recently the Hong Kong’s Chief Executive and members of its legislature were chosen in an undemocratic way. Adding to that, the Chinese government also made drastic changes… Continue reading Chinese Threat to Hong Kong’ Democracy

Appointment of Ambassadors – in US and India

Synopsis: The US administration needs to make a choice between appointing career diplomats or big contributors for appointing the new ambassadors. In India as well, there is a practice of appointing diverse people as ambassadors. Background:  The US administration under Joe Biden will be appointing new ambassadors as per the spoil system. The system allows… Continue reading Appointment of Ambassadors – in US and India

US “2020 Human Rights Report” flags curbs on Indian media

What is the News? The US State Department released the “2020 Human Rights Report” also known as “2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices”. About 2020 Human Rights Report: Firstly, the Human Rights Report is an annual report.  Each year the US State Department submits it to the US Congress. Secondly, the report is retrospective… Continue reading US “2020 Human Rights Report” flags curbs on Indian media

India and US Agrees to Resolve key Trade Issues

What is the news? India and the United States have agreed to work constructively to resolve key outstanding trade issues. Further, they also aim to take a comprehensive look at ways to expand the trade relationship. What are the major India-US trade issues? Generalised System of Preferences(GSP): In 2019, the US removed India from the… Continue reading India and US Agrees to Resolve key Trade Issues

Cost and Benefits of Adani’s Carmichael Coal Project in Australia

Synopsis – Adani is making one of the world’s largest new coal investments in the Carmichael coal mine project in Queensland. This article analyzes the Costs and Benefits of the Project. Introduction- New investment in coal will be a major factor if India is not able to meet its commitment against Climate Change. Recently the… Continue reading Cost and Benefits of Adani’s Carmichael Coal Project in Australia

Assessment on India’s counter to International criticism

Synopsis: India needs to address the international criticism of declining democratic values. It will strengthen the world’s largest democracy further. Background Many countries are scrutinising the functioning of Indian democracy due to the alleged diminishing democratic space in India. For example, Recently, annual reports of the United States-based Freedom House and the Sweden-based V-Dem Institute… Continue reading Assessment on India’s counter to International criticism

“Gandhi Peace Prize 2020” awarded to Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

What is the news? Gandhi Peace Prize for 2020 has awarded to the Sheikh Mujibur Rahman of Bangladesh. Whereas, the Gandhi Peace Prize for 2019 was awarded to the late Sultan of Oman, Qaboos bin Said Al Said. About Gandhi Peace Prize: Gandhi Peace Prize is an annual award. It was instituted by the Government… Continue reading “Gandhi Peace Prize 2020” awarded to Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Potential opportunities in better India-Taiwan relations

Source- The Hindu Syllabus- GS 2 – Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India Synopsis – There are many potential opportunities in developing India-Taiwan relations. But the political will is lacking. Introduction The India-Taiwan relations have improved since the 1990s. India and Taiwan have signed bilateral agreements in the field of agriculture, Custom… Continue reading Potential opportunities in better India-Taiwan relations

Significance of QUAD leaders’ summit for India

Synopsis: India’s alignment with QUAD should be in line with India’s principle of Strategic autonomy. In this article, we will analyse the significance of the QUAD leaders’ summit for India. Background Recently, the US and China met at a high-level summit in Alaska. This high-level summit was preceded by the first Leaders’ Summit of the… Continue reading Significance of QUAD leaders’ summit for India

“US India Artificial Intelligence(USIAI) Initiative” launched

What is the News? Indo-U.S Science and Technology Forum(IUSSTF) launched the US-India Artificial Intelligence(USIAI) Initiative. About US India Artificial Intelligence(USIAI) Initiative: The initiative will serve as a platform for India and the United States(US) to cooperate on Artificial Intelligence(AI). Goals of US India Artificial Intelligence(USIAI) Initiative: Firstly, to strengthen US-India strategic partnership by focusing on… Continue reading “US India Artificial Intelligence(USIAI) Initiative” launched

What is “CAATSA” or Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act?

What is the News? Ever since India has formally signed up for the S-400 purchase with Russia in 2018, it has been under the threat of US sanctions. Especially under the US’s Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA).  About CAATSA: Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act(CAATSA) is a US federal law enacted in 2017.… Continue reading What is “CAATSA” or Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act?

EU unveiled a ‘Digital Green Certificate’

What is the news? The European Commission has unveiled a “digital green certificate” for the European Union(EU) Citizens. About Digital Green Certificate: Firstly, Digital Green Certificate is a type of vaccine passport. It will be available to the citizens who are Covid-19 vaccinated or tested negative against Covid-19. It is also available to the persons… Continue reading EU unveiled a ‘Digital Green Certificate’

Expectations from U.S-China Alaska meet

Synopsis: The world leaders are looking at the U.S-China Alaska meet as a starting point to restore normalcy between the two countries. Moreover, their relationship reached has its lowest level since the Nixon era. It is primarily due to rising assertiveness and mistrust between the countries.  Background: Recently, the US held meetings with South Korea… Continue reading Expectations from U.S-China Alaska meet

Relevance of India-Philippines Brahmos Deal

Synopsis: India’s Brahmos deal with the Philippines is very important. India’s aspiration to become Atma Nirbhar in defense exports and emerge as a key regional security provider in Indo-Pacific will depend on it. Background In March 2021, India and the Philippines signed the “Implementing Arrangement” for the procurement of defense material and equipment procurement. The… Continue reading Relevance of India-Philippines Brahmos Deal

Measures  to Strengthen India US economic partnership

  Synopsis: Strengthening India-U. S economic partnership will help India to become a $5 trillion economy. Background India and the US have committed to the goal of increasing the bilateral trade in goods and services to $500 billion. Currently, the bilateral trade stands at $146 billion (2019). To achieve this, the Compound annual growth rate… Continue reading Measures  to Strengthen India US economic partnership

“UK’s Post-Brexit Foreign Policy” Focusses on Indo-Pacific

What is the news? The United Kingdom(UK) has released a document laying out its post-Brexit foreign and defence policy priorities. What are the key features of the Post-Brexit Foreign Policy? Expand Influence in Indo-Pacific: The document calls Indo-Pacific the geopolitical centre of the world. The document says that the UK is planning to expand its… Continue reading “UK’s Post-Brexit Foreign Policy” Focusses on Indo-Pacific

Highlights of the Quad Summit

Synopsis: The maiden (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue)  Quad Summit witnessed declaration of a joint statement by four leaders along with a common article in the Washington post. It is a step which is expected to yield positive outcomes in the Asian Geopolitics and the Indo Pacific region. Background: The Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 triggered cooperation… Continue reading Highlights of the Quad Summit

Aims and Objectives of “Quad Summit”

Synopsis: The Quad Summit held recently. This summit was important for all member countries due to various reasons. Introduction The virtual summit brought leaders of the Quadrilateral  Summit Security Dialogue together. The outcomes announced by Quad  Summit leaders include a vaccine initiative and joint working groups to cooperate on critical technology and climate change. The… Continue reading Aims and Objectives of “Quad Summit”

Afghan Peace Process and India – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction The Afghan peace process aims at ending the ongoing civil war between the Taliban and the Afghanistan government. The US administration has proposed a new peace plan to the Afghan government and the Taliban. This Peace Plan might be helpful to curtail violence and bring lasting peace to Afghanistan.  Background of the Afghan peace… Continue reading Afghan Peace Process and India – Explained, Pointwise

First “Quad Summit” Held Virtually

What is the news? The first-ever leadership Quad summit held virtually. About the First Quad Summit: Participation: Indian Prime Minister, US President, Australian PM, and Japanese PM participated virtually in the first Quad summit. What were the key takeaways from the Summit?  Free and Open Indo-Pacific: The leaders have called for a free and open… Continue reading First “Quad Summit” Held Virtually

Quad Summit and its relevance – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction Indian Prime Minister will take part in the first-ever Virtual Quad Summit on March 12, along with the Australian, US, and Japanese Counterparts. This is the first Quad leader’s meet after the US elections. The recent power change in the US and China’s aggressive posture in its neighbourhood makes this Quad Summit an important… Continue reading Quad Summit and its relevance – Explained, Pointwise

India Not Part of “Troika-plus-Pakistan Conference”

What is the News? Russia has planned to hold a Troika-plus-Pakistan conference on Afghanistan in Moscow, Russia. About the Troika-plus-Pakistan Conference: Troika-plus-Pakistan meeting involves consultations between the US, Russia, China, Pakistan along with the representatives of the Afghanistan government, Taliban, and other senior Afghan leaders. 2 Such meetings held in 2020. Purpose: The meeting is… Continue reading India Not Part of “Troika-plus-Pakistan Conference”

Why India Should limit its Involvement With QUAD?

Synopsis: The stand-off at Ladakh has shown the limits of India-U.S. security ties and India’s involvement in the Quad. So, India should limit its involvement in QUAD and prioritize national security. How India joined the QUAD? China’s encroachment & India’s response China was expanding its footprint in South Asia and the Indian Ocean Region over… Continue reading Why India Should limit its Involvement With QUAD?

The Advantages of Work from Anywhere

Synopsis: The new policy of Work from anywhere gained momentum during the pandemic. It has multiple benefits for all stakeholders. Background Lack of clarity and flexibility in the US H-1B visa Programme remains major concerns for high-skilled Indian migrants, seeking to relocate to the U.S. This uncertainty was high during the Trump administration, with visa… Continue reading The Advantages of Work from Anywhere

Indian Diaspora in US and its Impacts on India- US Relations

Synopsis: The stature of the Indian diaspora in the US is growing. It will have a significant impact on India-US relations. Significance of Indian Diaspora in the US Indian-Americans are the second-largest immigrant community in the US(4 million-plus). They are considered as one of the most influential groups in the US. and they have played a… Continue reading Indian Diaspora in US and its Impacts on India- US Relations

India proposes inclusion of Chabahar port in “INSTC | International North-South Corridor”

What is the news? India’s Foreign Minister addresses the Chabahar Day event organized at the Maritime India Summit 2021. During the address, the minister put forward the following proposal with respect to INSTC (International North-South Transport Corridor): Inclusion of Chabahar Port in the International North-South Transport Corridor(INSTC). Expansion of the INSTC membership by including Afghanistan… Continue reading India proposes inclusion of Chabahar port in “INSTC | International North-South Corridor”

Consequences of Yemen Civil war

Synopsis- Joe Biden declared that the US will no longer back the Saudi-led military campaign in Yemen. Yemen Civil war resulted in the loss of thousands of lives and a humanitarian crisis. A reconciliation is urgently required. Background of Yemen civil war- The civil war between the Yemeni government and Iran-backed Houthi rebels began in 2014.… Continue reading Consequences of Yemen Civil war

India-EU trade relations

Synopsis – After Brexit, India can strengthen bilateral trade and investment relations with the EU by signing a Free Trade Agreement(FTA). This will mutually benefit India and the EU. Introduction The EU is India’s largest trading partner. It accounts for 11 per cent of total Indian trade in 2019, making it more important than China.… Continue reading India-EU trade relations

‘USTR report’ mentions India’s policies as trade restrictive

What is the News? U.S. Trade Representative(USTR) has released a report titled “2021 President’s Trade Agenda and 2020 Annual Report”. What are the Key Highlights of the USTR report? The USTR report highlighted a few important updates on trade between India and the US in 2020. They are, USTR report on Trade Relations: The US… Continue reading ‘USTR report’ mentions India’s policies as trade restrictive

India-US relation under Biden administration

Synopsis: India and US relations under the Biden administration may strengthen in certain areas. But there will be some challenges too. Areas where India and the US are willing to cooperate? India and the US are already engaging each other on a majority of issues, including  COVID-19, climate, health care, immigration and restoring America’s global… Continue reading India-US relation under Biden administration

Western ideas have to be adapted like China and not to be followed like India

Synopsis: The key to China’s immense growth is that it focuses on itself instead of trying to live up to the expectations of the Western countries. India could learn a few lessons from China as it struggles to match up.  Introduction  China and India are the two oldest civilizations but are also the youngest nation-states.… Continue reading Western ideas have to be adapted like China and not to be followed like India

Australia’s news media bargaining code

Synopsis – Australian government proposed a bargaining code. This code has provisions to compensate media companies for using their content. Background Australia’s recently proposed News Media and Digital Platforms Mandatory Bargaining Code Bill 2020. The law would make technology platforms like Google and Facebook pay media publishers. The payment will be made for using their news… Continue reading Australia’s news media bargaining code

Science and Technology in India’s foreign policies

Synopsis: Covid-19 Pandemic provided India with an opportunity to mainstream science and technology (S&T) in its foreign Policies. It became possible due to the past achievements by the country in the domain of S&T. Background: The roots of India’s scientific programs can be traced to the 1959 speech delivered at the Indian Science Congress by… Continue reading Science and Technology in India’s foreign policies

A tussle between Australia and Facebook over News Charges

Synopsis: Recently, a clash erupted between the Australian government and Facebook. The big Techs in Australia are opposing the Fee to media companies for using their content. Background Recently, the Australian government has proposed the ‘News Media and Digital Platforms Mandatory Bargaining Code Bill 2020’. The bill aims to make Google and Facebook pay to… Continue reading A tussle between Australia and Facebook over News Charges

Indian IT workers to benefit from “U.S. immigration Act”

What is the News? The United States(US) administration has introduced the U.S. Citizenship Act of 2021 in Congress. If passed, this act will benefit thousands of Indian IT professionals in America. Key Provisions of the U.S. Citizenship Act of 2021 It proposes to eliminate the per-country cap for employment-based green cards. It proposes a pathway… Continue reading Indian IT workers to benefit from “U.S. immigration Act”