India’s new policy of proactive diplomacy 

Synopsis:  India’s new policy of proactive diplomacy and strong ground posturing is working well. Introduction  Things are getting better for India in the neighborhood. China has withdrawn its troops in eastern Ladakh across the Line of Actual Control (LAC). Also, Pakistan has initiated a ceasefire across the Line of Control (LoC). The new U.S. administration… Continue reading India’s new policy of proactive diplomacy 

“China’s 5-year plan” and India’s Concerns

What is the News? China formally approves the outline of its 14th 5-year plan (2021-25). Some proposed projects in China’s 5-year plan are the cause of concern for India. What are the key Concerns for India in China’s 5-year plan?  Dam on Lower Reaches of Brahmaputra River: China’s 5-year plan approves the construction of a… Continue reading “China’s 5-year plan” and India’s Concerns

PM to inaugurate “Maitri Setu Bridge”

What is the News? The Prime Minister will inaugurate the ‘Maitri Setu’ bridge between India and Bangladesh. About Maitri Setu: Constructed by: National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd. Maitri Setu is a bridge between India and Bangladesh. It is a 1.9 km long bridge over the Feni River. This bridge will connect Sabroom in… Continue reading PM to inaugurate “Maitri Setu Bridge”

China’s plans for new dams on Brahmaputra River- Explained, Pointwise

Introduction The Chinese government’s new five-year plan(2021-2025) is about to approve the construction of dams in the lower stretch of the Brahmaputra River (Yarlung Zangbo in China). It is a matter of serious concern for the lower riparian states namely India and Bangladesh. The move is expected to give China an edge in International diplomacy… Continue reading China’s plans for new dams on Brahmaputra River- Explained, Pointwise

China Approves Dam Building on “Brahmaputra River”

What is the news? Chinese Government approves dam-building on Brahmaputra river under its draft of the New Five year plan (2021-2025). What does the five-year plan provide? The New Five-year plan approves the dams to be built on the lower reaches of the Brahmaputra river. The river is also known as Yarlung Zangbo in Tibet.… Continue reading China Approves Dam Building on “Brahmaputra River”

40 Scholars awarded under “India Science and Research Fellowship(ISRF) 2021”

What is the news? 40 scholars from 6 countries have been awarded under the India Science Research Fellowship(ISRF) Program 2021. About India Science Research Fellowship(ISRF) Program 2021: Launched by: the Department of Science and Technology(DST), Government of India in 2015. Purpose: Awarded scientists and researchers from neighboring countries are provided an opportunity to carry out… Continue reading 40 Scholars awarded under “India Science and Research Fellowship(ISRF) 2021”

Sri Lanka approved the “West Container Terminal” proposal

What is the News? The Sri Lankan Cabinet has approved a proposal to develop Colombo Port’s West Container Terminal(WCT) under a joint venture with India and Japan. Note: This proposal comes after Sri Lanka had pulled out of the 2019 tripartite agreement with India and Japan to develop the East Container Terminal(ECT). About the West… Continue reading Sri Lanka approved the “West Container Terminal” proposal

Ceasefire Agreements Between India and Pakistan

Synopsis: Recently India and Pakistan issued a joint statement to strictly observe the ceasefire agreements along the LoC and other sectors. This has significant implications for peaceful border management along LoC (J&K) and other sectors. Background There were around 5130 ceasefire violations in 2020 registered on either side of the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu… Continue reading Ceasefire Agreements Between India and Pakistan

Regional stability in South-Asia depends on India, Pakistan and China

Synopsis: If China, Pakistan and India can remain humble, then there is hope for better regional development and stability. Introduction    Recently India and Pakistan have announced the strict observance of all ceasefire agreements along the Line of Control(LoC). On the other hand, India has also seen a de-escalation along the Line of Actual Control… Continue reading Regional stability in South-Asia depends on India, Pakistan and China

Pakistan Remains on FATF’s Grey list

Synopsis: Pakistan avoided the blacklist in the recent FATF meeting. However, it has to do more, to come out of the grey list of FATF. Introduction:  The recent Financial Action Task Force (FATF) meeting has once again decided to keep Pakistan in their grey list of countries under “increased monitoring”. Further, the FATF ruled out the… Continue reading Pakistan Remains on FATF’s Grey list

Ceasefire between India and Pakistan: Prospects of strengthening bilateral relations

Synopsis: India and Pakistan have agreed to ceasefire along the Line of Control. But the further strengthening of relations will depend upon the security improvement in the region.   Background  Recently, India and Pakistan agreed to a “strict observance” of all agreements and cease-fire along the Line of Control. This statement was delivered by Director Generals of Military Operations of… Continue reading Ceasefire between India and Pakistan: Prospects of strengthening bilateral relations

Issue of ceasefire violation between India and Pakistan – Explained Pointwise

Recently India and Pakistan issued a joint statement to strictly observe all the agreements on a ceasefire along the LoC and other sectors. The joint statement aims to address each other’s core differences and concerns in the border areas. But controlling the ceasefire violations is not an easy task to achieve considering past issues and… Continue reading Issue of ceasefire violation between India and Pakistan – Explained Pointwise

India and Pakistan agrees to observe “2003 Ceasefire agreement”

What is the news? India and Pakistan have issued a joint statement to strictly observe the 2003 Ceasefire agreement along the Line of Control(LoC). About India-Pakistan 2003 Ceasefire agreement: The 2003 ceasefire was a landmark agreement between India and Pakistan. The agreement came soon after both the countries had almost gone to war following the 2001… Continue reading India and Pakistan agrees to observe “2003 Ceasefire agreement”

Why India-China Border disputes are unresolved?

Synopsis: India and China signed several bilateral agreements for border disputes resolution. However, it has not been to ensure permanent peace at the border. Background The year 2020 witnessed increased India – China border tensions in the Ladakh region, especially the Galwan valley. The incident involved an armed conflict in which soldiers from both sides… Continue reading Why India-China Border disputes are unresolved?

Sri Lanka looking for Indian Support ahead “46th Session of UNHRC”

What is the News? 46th session of the UNHRC (United Nations Human Rights Council) will start next week. Sri Lanka has officially sought India’s support for its nation’s rights and accountability record. About past UNHRC resolution In 2015, UNHRC had adopted a resolution on accountability for the alleged human rights violations during the Sri Lankan… Continue reading Sri Lanka looking for Indian Support ahead “46th Session of UNHRC”

PM suggested “Special Visa Scheme” for medical staff in South Asia

What is the News? During an address to 9 neighboring countries, PM suggested Special Visa Scheme. The address was part of a workshop on “COVID-19 management: exchange of good practices in tackling pandemic and the way forward”. Participation: The countries that participated in the workshop include: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Pakistan, Seychelles, and… Continue reading PM suggested “Special Visa Scheme” for medical staff in South Asia

Evaluating India- China Disengagement agreement on Pongong Tso

Synopsis: India-China disengagement process on the border is ongoing. There is a need for the cost-benefit analysis of this disengagement process. Background: Recently, both India and China have announced the start of disengagement between the two armies in Ladakh. The current disengagement is limited to two places on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in… Continue reading Evaluating India- China Disengagement agreement on Pongong Tso

Need for a balanced approach on ‘Bilateral Investment Treaty’ for India

Synopsis: Sri Lanka’s revoked the East Container Terminal (ECT) agreement without any valid reason. However, Indian investors can’t oppose this decision under International Law, due to India’s withdrawal from Bilateral Investment treaties (BIT). This calls for adopting a balanced approach towards BITs.  Background:  An agreement to jointly develop ECT at Colombo port was signed between Sri Lanka, Japan and India in 2019.  In February… Continue reading Need for a balanced approach on ‘Bilateral Investment Treaty’ for India

‘Disengagement activities’ for reducing Sino-India tensions

Synopsis: India and China have simultaneously begun disengagement activities around the Pangong Tso region in eastern Ladakh. It is a laudable step for reducing tension between the two countries. Background: The two countries were undergoing severe tensions since May 2020. It is when the Chinese army entered 8 km inside Eastern Ladakh. This Chinese encroachment… Continue reading ‘Disengagement activities’ for reducing Sino-India tensions

Disengagement agreement at Pangong Tso Lake – Explained

Table of contents Background What are the important points of the agreement? What are the reasons leading to the present agreement? Concerns with the disengagement agreement Suggestions to improve the disengagement Recently, a military disengagement agreement signed between India and China. This is the first major breakthrough to resolve the nine-month-long military stand-off along the Line… Continue reading Disengagement agreement at Pangong Tso Lake – Explained

Reasons behind India-China disengagement agreement along LAC

Source- Indian Express  Syllabus: GS 2 –  India and its Neighbourhood- Relations. Synopsis: The Sino- Indian disengagement agreement in Pangong Tso region is the first step towards ending hostilities along LAC (Line of Actual Control). Focus should now be on other areas of friction like Kailash heights and Depsang plateau to bring lasting peace. Background:… Continue reading Reasons behind India-China disengagement agreement along LAC

Disengagement agreement in Pangong Tso region

Source: The Indian Express Syllabus: GS 2 –  India and its Neighborhood- Relations.  Synopsis: Both India and China have agreed to withdraw troops from Pangong Tso region. Both the countries will return to the position of April 2020 (before the stand-off took place).  Introduction:  As per the agreement reached by the 9th corps commanders meeting on 24th January, both Indian and… Continue reading Disengagement agreement in Pangong Tso region

India, Afghanistan agreement to build “Shahtoot Dam” in Kabul

What is the News? India and Afghanistan have signed an agreement to build the Shahtoot Dam in the Afghan capital. Shahtoot Dam: It is a proposed dam in the Kabul river basin. It is one of the five river basins in Afghanistan. Purpose: The dam will provide drinking, irrigation, and Environmental water for Kabul province.… Continue reading India, Afghanistan agreement to build “Shahtoot Dam” in Kabul

Why China should be seen as a partner by India?

Source: The Hindu Gs2: India and its Neighborhood- Relations. Synopsis: India should acknowledge the rise of superpower China and prepare to complement its role in reviving the rule-based global order. It should start looking at China as a partner, instead of a rival. Background Recently, External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar said that both India and… Continue reading Why China should be seen as a partner by India?

India’s strategy for Myanmar

Source: The Hindu Gs2: India and its Neighborhood- Relations. Synopsis: India’s Policy towards Myanmar should be a balance of India’s interest and India’s norms. Background The recent military coup in Myanmar has once again created uncertainty regarding the future of Myanmar’s democracy. The U. S and the west have reacted strongly. The US threatened Myanmar… Continue reading India’s strategy for Myanmar

Sri Lanka settles “Currency Swap Facility” with India

What is the News? The Central Bank of Sri Lanka(CBSL) has settled a $400 million currency swap facility from the Reserve Bank (RBI) of India. What is a Currency Swap Facility? The term swap means exchange. Under this agreement, two contracting countries loan each other a specified amount in local currencies. The parties agree to… Continue reading Sri Lanka settles “Currency Swap Facility” with India

Chinese energy projects near Tamil Nadu cleared by Sri Lanka

What is the News? The Sri Lankan Government has cleared a Chinese project to set up hybrid wind and solar energy projects on three Sri Lankan islands. Note: This development comes after Sri Lanka had recently decided to pull out of the East Container Terminal(ECT) deal with India and Japan. About the Project: China’s hybrid… Continue reading Chinese energy projects near Tamil Nadu cleared by Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has pushed India and Japan out from the Colombo Terminal Project

Synopsis – Sri Lankan government has been forced to revoke a 2019 deal with India and Japan. The deal was to build the East Container Terminal (ECT) at Colombo Port. They cancelled the deal after facing intense resistance from trade unions across the region. Background- Sri Lanka, Japan and India signed an agreement [MoC] to… Continue reading Sri Lanka has pushed India and Japan out from the Colombo Terminal Project

Lessons from the past for way forward in Myanmar

Source: The Hindu Gs2: Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora. Synopsis: The international community needs to plan according to the ground realities of Myanmar before making any effort to restore Democracy. Background: Following the recent military coup in Myanmar, many countries have voiced their concern to… Continue reading Lessons from the past for way forward in Myanmar

Sri Lanka Writes Off Strategic Colombo Port Deal With India & Japan

Source: click here Syllabus: GS 2 Synopsis: Sri Lanka’s has pulled out of a 2019 Colombo Port deal with India and Japan. The agreement was for developing the strategic East Container Terminal (ECT) at the Colombo Port. Introduction India and Sri Lanka signed a Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) for cooperation on economic projects in 2019. A… Continue reading Sri Lanka Writes Off Strategic Colombo Port Deal With India & Japan

India- Myanmar relations after Coup

Synopsis: India has a deep security relationship with the Myanmar military. It is not in India’s interest to intervene in Myanmar’s politics. Introduction Military rule has returned to Myanmar after a coup. Aung San Suu Kyi along with the political leadership has been detained by the Military. Similar events took place in Myanmar 30 years… Continue reading India- Myanmar relations after Coup

Coup in Myanmar and India-Myanmar bilateral relations – Explained

In a military coup in Myanmar, a state of emergency has been imposed for one year. The coup resulted in establishing military rule again in Myanmar. The military has detained democratically elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi and other politicians of the country. This action is condemned by the majority of countries around the world.… Continue reading Coup in Myanmar and India-Myanmar bilateral relations – Explained

India-Sri Lanka Maritime dispute – Explained

Recently four fishermen from Tamil Nadu died while fishing in Palk Bay.  The cause of death is still not clear. But the Indian government has registered its strong protest with India-Sri Lanka. The arrest and death of fishermen by the Sri-Lankan government is a frequent issue. A press note mentions, “between January 2015 to January… Continue reading India-Sri Lanka Maritime dispute – Explained

MEA’s Eight broad principles to resolve conflict with China

Source: Indian Express Gs2: India and its Neighborhood- Relations. Background: Recently, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar participated in the 13th All-India Conference of China Studies organized by the Institute of Chinese Studies. What were the observations made by the External Affairs Minister in the 13th All-India Conference of China Studies? In the conference, he made… Continue reading MEA’s Eight broad principles to resolve conflict with China

Reasons of increasing Palk Bay fishing conflict

Source: The Hindu Gs2: India and its Neighborhood- Relations. Synopsis: The recent death of 4 fishermen resurfaces the unresolved issue of fisheries conflict between India-Sri Lanka at Palk Bay. Background: Recently four fishermen from Tamil Nadu died while fishing in Palk Bay. Tamil Nadu has accused Sri Lankan Navy of that. But, the Sri Lankan… Continue reading Reasons of increasing Palk Bay fishing conflict

Taiwan-China conflict and India’s stand on it

Recently Taiwan reported a large scale incursion in its air defence zone by Nuclear-capable Chinese bombers and fighter jets. In response, the U.S. sent an aircraft carrier strike group in the South China Sea. The US claims this as an effort to support freedom of navigation in the region. The China-Taiwan conflict has larger regional… Continue reading Taiwan-China conflict and India’s stand on it

Vaccine Diplomacy | Myanmar, Mauritius and Seychelles receive Covishield

Why in News? India has sent shipments of Covishield vaccines to Myanmar, Mauritius, and Seychelles under its ‘Vaccine Maitri’ (vaccine diplomacy) drive. Vaccine diplomacy: It is the branch of global health diplomacy in which a nation uses the development or delivery of vaccines to strengthen ties with other nations. Read More – Significance of Vaccine… Continue reading Vaccine Diplomacy | Myanmar, Mauritius and Seychelles receive Covishield

 Vaccine diplomacy 

Synopsis: India’s Vaccine diplomacy will raise India’s Stature at the global arena.  Background:  Till now, India has supplied Covid19 vaccines to Maldives, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal, Myanmar and Seychelles. The initial supplies of Covid19 vaccines have been sent free of cost.  It is expected that India will be distributing vaccines to other countries including Sri… Continue reading  Vaccine diplomacy 

Why Chinese forces are weakening?

Syllabus Topic – International Relations – India and its neighborhood  Synopsis: In the beginning of this year, Chinese President Xi Jinping instructed his armed forces to be “combat-ready to act at any second”. However, in reality Chinese forces are facing too many inside challenges.   Why China is becoming aggressive?  First, Policies of new US President Joe Biden favours freedom of… Continue reading Why Chinese forces are weakening?

New transition in India-Nepal relations 

Synopsis: Recent Joint Commission Meeting in Delhi was a positive development for bilateral relations of India and Nepal.  Introduction   The Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nepal, Pradeep Kumar Gyawali visited New Delhi for the sixth meeting of the India-Nepal Joint Commission.  What was discussed in the meeting?  In this joint meeting discussions on the following project and assistance took place. It will strengthen India-Nepal relations: –   India assured an early delivery of vaccines to… Continue reading New transition in India-Nepal relations 

 Vaccine Maitri: India Vaccine diplomacy exercise  

Why in News?   India will officially start its vaccine diplomacy with the name “Vaccine Maitri” under  its  Neighborhood First policy.  Vaccine Diplomacy: It is the use of vaccines to increase a country’s diplomatic relationship with  other countries.   Key Features of Vaccine Maitri  India will supply Made-in-India Covid-19 vaccines to its neighboring and key partner countries Under its Neighborhood First policy.  Bhutan and Maldives will be the first to get the vaccines followed… Continue reading  Vaccine Maitri: India Vaccine diplomacy exercise  

Kalapani territorial dispute between India and Nepal resurfaced

Synopsis: Kalapani territory is one of the major disputed border areas between India and Nepal. But the dispute is not yet resolved by mutual terms and usually resurface time and again. In this article, you can read about the details of the dispute and the steps that India should take. Introduction: Present development Nepal has raised… Continue reading Kalapani territorial dispute between India and Nepal resurfaced

New opportunities for India in Afghanistan

Synopsis: Change of power in the US has provided India with an opportunity to re-engage with Afghanistan.  Introduction   The National Security Advisor(NSA) Ajit Doval paid a 2-day visit to Kabul. It was the first trip to Afghanistan, by a top Indian official, since the start of Doha Talks between Taliban and Afghan republic representatives.  Both sides… Continue reading New opportunities for India in Afghanistan

Importance of Reviving SAARC

Synopsis- SAARC has become dysfunctional and not able to meet since las 6 years. Reviving SAARC is crucial for countering common challenges in the region, amid COVID pandemic.  Introduction  The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of nations in South Asia founded in 1985 with 7 member nations.  The group was established… Continue reading Importance of Reviving SAARC

Diplomatic practices

Synopsis: India is unwilling to interfere in the political turmoil of Kathmandu and Beijing on the other hand is making efforts to preserve the unity of ruling party in Nepal. Stances of both the countries are very different from their traditional foreign policies. Introduction Interventions in the happenings of neighbouring countries have been a permanent feature… Continue reading Diplomatic practices

India’s counter-coercive strategy against China

Synopsis: India has done quite well in countering Chinese moves in eastern Ladakh with its coercive strategy.  Introduction  There is an opportunity for middle powers like India to redefine their position in the world order as decline and rise of Chinese and American powers continue.   Alexander L. George, an American political scientist, is best known for his work on coercive diplomacy. The… Continue reading India’s counter-coercive strategy against China

Approach of India and China on Nepal’s political crisis

Synopsis: Beijing and New Delhi are adopting different approach towards China after Nepal’s prime minister decided to dissolve Parliament.  Background:  The Supreme Court has given Mr. Oli some time to explain his actions. It is yet to decide on putting a stay on the election process.  Ever since Nepal adopted its new Constitution in 2015, there… Continue reading Approach of India and China on Nepal’s political crisis

India and its Neighbourhood-Relations

India and its Neighbourhood-Relations:- Synopsis: The two-front challenge long ignored by India has become a reality, therefore there is an urgent need to develop both the doctrine and the capability to deal this threat.  Why India didn’t perceive the two-front challenge as a real possibility for long?  The collusive China-Pakistan military threat (i.e., China-Pakistan military are working in cooperation to contain India on the… Continue reading India and its Neighbourhood-Relations

India sends flood support to Vietnam under Mission Sagar III

Source: PIB News: Indian Naval Ship Kiltan arrived at Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam as part of Mission Sagar-III.   Facts:  What is Mission Sagar? It was launched by the Indian government as a part of India’s Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) assistance to Friendly Foreign Countries during the ongoing pandemic.  Various phases of Mission Sagar: Mission Sagar-I: It was undertaken in May-June… Continue reading India sends flood support to Vietnam under Mission Sagar III