Human trafficking survivors identify gaps in draft Bill, seek community-based rehab

News: Indian Leadership Forum Against Trafficking (ILFAT), a forum set up in 2019 by trafficking survivors, has written to the Ministry of Women and Child Development to identify gaps in the Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) draft Bill 2021, which is about to table in the Parliament. What are the changes demanded by the survivors?… Continue reading Human trafficking survivors identify gaps in draft Bill, seek community-based rehab

For inclusive development, support Dalit entrepreneurs

News: Dalit entrepreneurship holds promise for the much-needed social transformation. Many attempts have been made to transform the highly-stratified Indian society into an inclusive one. However, the expected social transformation in our Indian society remains unfulfilled, esp with regard to Dalits. Their situation has improved, but social exclusion still persists. In this context, promoting Dalit… Continue reading For inclusive development, support Dalit entrepreneurs

Reservation on hiring

News Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Act, 2020 is all set to be implemented from 15th January 2022. Read more: Concerns associated with Local Reservation Laws What are the provisions of the Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Act? It provides for a 75% job quota for local people in private sector jobs which offer… Continue reading Reservation on hiring

Abortion allowed till 24 weeks of pregnancy in special cases

What is the News? The government of India has notified the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Rules, 2021. These rules have been notified under Section 6 of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 2021. What are the key provisions of the rules? Defines Special Categories of Women The act extended the upper limit for medical termination… Continue reading Abortion allowed till 24 weeks of pregnancy in special cases

Detail in relief: On SC order on financial assistance to kin of COVID-19 families

What is the news? Supreme Court (SC) in the recent judgement gave detail for the payment of ex gratia financial assistance to the families of those who died of COVID-19. The court held that no State shall deny the benefit solely on the ground that a person’s death certificate did not specify the cause of… Continue reading Detail in relief: On SC order on financial assistance to kin of COVID-19 families

Supreme Court sets aside Madras High Court remarks on EWS quota

What is the News? The Supreme Court has set aside the observations in the Madras High Court’s order, which said that the reservation for Economically Weaker Sections(EWS) in the NEET-All India Quota can be implemented only with the approval of the Supreme Court. Background Recently, the Government of India had announced a 27% reservation for… Continue reading Supreme Court sets aside Madras High Court remarks on EWS quota

Ministry of Law and Justice launches Pan-India Special Campaign for Justice Delivery at doorstep

What is the News? The Ministry of Law and Justice in association with the National Legal Service Authority (NALSA) has launched the “Ek Pahal” Campaign. What is Ek Pahal Campaign? Ek Pahal Campaign aims to mainstream legal aid and to actualize the aspiration of access to justice for every citizen. Under the campaign, people will… Continue reading Ministry of Law and Justice launches Pan-India Special Campaign for Justice Delivery at doorstep

Recruit transgenders to foster greater diversity

Synopsis: As society talks more about gender inclusion, we need to take a deeper look at all the dimensions of gender. Introduction Recently, Tata steels have welcomed transgender individuals as candidates for their job openings. Also, Dutch paints in collaboration with National Small Industries Corp opened a painting academy designed to focus on the training… Continue reading Recruit transgenders to foster greater diversity

Jharkhand clears Bill for 75% quota for locals in private jobs

  What is the News? The Jharkhand Assembly has passed the Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates in the Private Sector Bill, 2021.  Must read: Job reservation in private sector for locals  Key Provisions of the bill Reservation for Local Candidates: The Bill provides for 75% reservation to local residents in private sector jobs with… Continue reading Jharkhand clears Bill for 75% quota for locals in private jobs

Redefining the reservation policy

Synopsis: Political parties should consider making substantive changes to the way reservation is implemented. Introduction Recently, Tamil Nadu adopted a bill to provide 10.5% reservation for Vanniyakula Kshatriyas within the quota of MBC (Most Backward Class) and DNC (Denotified Communities) With the 105th Constitutional Amendment, center empowered the states/ UTs to prepare their own list… Continue reading Redefining the reservation policy

Non Binary genders need more visibility in India’s Census 2021

Synopsis: Separating sex and gender in the country’s biggest socio-economic survey is necessary. Introduction Census data is important as it acts as a base for many other surveys in the country.  This is because the census data is a better enumeration of categories of gender. But still, the Census is far from perfect. About the… Continue reading Non Binary genders need more visibility in India’s Census 2021

The key to revitalising India’s reservation system

Synopsis: A Socio-economic caste-based census becomes a necessary precondition to initiate any meaningful reform. Introduction Recently, the central government’s decision to introduce reservations for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) examinations has been appreciated. This ignited the debate on caste census once again and brought the debate on affirmative… Continue reading The key to revitalising India’s reservation system

Income and quotas

Source: The Hindu Syllabus: GS 2 – Fundamental rights Relevance: To understand dimensions of creamy layer Synopsis: Supreme Court (SC) lays bare the limit of using economic criteria to determine reservation ability SC ruled that economic criteria alone cannot be used to classify “creamy layer” members of Backward Class (BC). Apart from the economic criterion,… Continue reading Income and quotas

‘Economic criterion not sole basis for creamy layer’

Source: The Hindu What is the News? In Pichhra Varg Kalyan Mahasabha Haryana v. State of Haryana) case, the Supreme Court has stated that economic criterion cannot be the sole basis for identifying sections of backward communities as ‘creamy layer’. What was the case? A petition was filed in the Supreme Court challenging the two… Continue reading ‘Economic criterion not sole basis for creamy layer’

Elopements most prosecuted under child marriage law: study

Source: The Hindu What is the News? Partners for Law in Development (PLD), a Delhi-based legal resource group has released a study titled “Child Marriage Prosecutions in India”. About Child Marriage Prosecutions in India study: The study analysed 83 cases of child marriage prosecutions over a period of 10 years between 2008 and 2017 across… Continue reading Elopements most prosecuted under child marriage law: study

Quota benefit cant be availed simultaneously in 2 states

Source: The Hindu Recently, the Supreme Court clarifies its stand on the reservation in reorganised states. The court held that a person can claim benefits in either of the successor states. About the Supreme Court (SC) verdict: The court ruled that a person cannot claim the benefit of reservation simultaneously in both the successor states upon… Continue reading Quota benefit cant be availed simultaneously in 2 states

Case for third party funding

Source: The Hindu Relevance: To study the arbitration methods. Synopsis: Third-party funding in Arbitration should be explored, with sufficient caution, to expedite access to justice. Third-Party Funding in Arbitration/Litigation Funding It is the process in which someone who is not involved in an arbitration provides funds to a party to that arbitration in exchange for an… Continue reading Case for third party funding

Why are so many sanitation workers deaths uncounted?

Source: Indian Express Relevance: To understand the issues surrounding the ecosystem handling the manual scavengers. Uncounted deaths of Sanitation workers There have been over a million uncounted deaths in the last 50 years in India. Many of which occurred during the Corona pandemic. This can be understood from the following data. In the last 5… Continue reading Why are so many sanitation workers deaths uncounted?

OBC list issue: Quotas solve little

Source:  Indian ExpressTOITOI Relevance: latest developments in the issue of OBC reservation. Synopsis: Reservation is a sticky issue in Indian politics. The recent move of restoring the rights of States to frame the OBC list (127th amendment bill) is seen by many as a step in the right direction. Introduction: Political parties showed unity in… Continue reading OBC list issue: Quotas solve little

Quality of Life for Elderly Index assesses well-being of India’s ageing population

Source: PIB What is the News? The Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM) has released the Quality of Life for Elderly Index. About Quality of Life for Elderly Index: Created by: Institute for Competitiveness at the request of EAC-PM. Purpose: The report identifies the regional patterns of ageing across the Indian States and assesses… Continue reading Quality of Life for Elderly Index assesses well-being of India’s ageing population

Lok Sabha passes Constitution amendment Bill to restore states’ powers on OBC list

Source: Indian Express What is the News? Lok Sabha has unanimously passed the Constitution (127th Amendment) Bill, 2021. About Constitution (127th Amendment) Bill, 2021: Main Purpose of the Bill: The Bill amends the Constitution to allow states and union territories to prepare their own list of socially and educationally backward classes.  Key Provisions of the… Continue reading Lok Sabha passes Constitution amendment Bill to restore states’ powers on OBC list

Proposed amendments to Coal Bearing Areas Act will change land acquisition for mining: Experts

Source: Down to Earth Relevance: Implications of the amendments to Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) [CBA] Act, 1957. Synopsis: The proposed amendments to the CBA Act are likely to grant more control to private corporations, make tribal land acquisition easy. An analysis. What is the CBA Act? The Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development)… Continue reading Proposed amendments to Coal Bearing Areas Act will change land acquisition for mining: Experts

The shaky foundation of Labor Law Reforms

Source: The Hindu Relevance: To understand the challenges with the recent labour reforms Synopsis: Government sought to reform the labour by bringing long-pending labour reforms. Despite their positives, there are many challenges associated with the labour reforms. Introduction The government has brought out the next series of reforms that were deemed comprehensive and game-changing. The… Continue reading The shaky foundation of Labor Law Reforms

Cabinet passes bill restoring power of states to make their own OBC lists

Source: Business Standard Synopsis: The reservation has always been a sticky and political issue. While some time back Government gave constitutional status to NCBC, now Government is coming up with a move for states to make their own OBC list. Context: The Union Cabinet is learnt to have cleared a Constitution amendment bill which seeks… Continue reading Cabinet passes bill restoring power of states to make their own OBC lists