Political and administrative elements in maintaining Healthy Federalism

Synopsis: The recent Centre-West Bengal controversy over Political and administrative elements has brought attention towards the health of the federal structure in India. Background: The recent issue is that the former Chief Secretary of Bengal reached late in the meeting called by Prime Minister to review cyclone relief work. Though both political and administrative state… Continue reading Political and administrative elements in maintaining Healthy Federalism

Issues with recent draft rules notified by the Lakshadweep administration

Synopsis: The recent changes brought in Lakshadweep Administration in the name of public purpose is against the public interest and ethos of the island. Background: Recently, the administrator of Lakshadweep brought changes to the following acts to promote infrastructural development to boost tourism. Development Authority Regulation, Prevention of Anti-Social Activities Regulation, Lakshadweep Panchayat Regulation and… Continue reading Issues with recent draft rules notified by the Lakshadweep administration

Growing Centralisation of Power Erodes Federal Structure

Synopsis: The tendency to centralise power by the Union government is increasing. It will alter the basic structure of Federalism in India. Background Recently, a NITI Aayog Member, asserted that it was the lack of centralisation that has led to poor management of the ongoing COVID-19 vaccination drive. The claim reinforces the practice of the… Continue reading Growing Centralisation of Power Erodes Federal Structure

New Lakshadweep Regulations: Issues and Rationale – Explained, pointwise

Introduction New Lakshadweep regulations proposed by its new administrator are attracting opposition from local leaders. The smallest union territory of India (Lakshadweep) is undergoing severe changes for the last few days. The new administrator has introduced 4 new regulations that would alter the culture, livelihood, ecology, and development level of the island.  The draft regulations… Continue reading New Lakshadweep Regulations: Issues and Rationale – Explained, pointwise

How “Legislative Councils” are Set-up in States?

What is the News? The West Bengal government has decided to set up a Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad). Note: West Bengal had a Legislative Council in existence till 1969 after which it was abolished. History of legislative councils in India: Legislatures with two Houses (bicameral) have a long history in India. The Montagu-Chelmsford reforms led… Continue reading How “Legislative Councils” are Set-up in States?

What is the Process to Create New District in India?

What is the News? Punjab Chief Minister has declared Malerkotla as the 23rd district of the Punjab State. Let’s have look at the process to create new district in India. What is the process to create a new district in India? The power to create new districts or alter or abolish existing districts rests with the… Continue reading What is the Process to Create New District in India?

[ Yojana Summary] Federalism during the Pandemic – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction The second wave of Covid-19 is creating havoc in the country. The country is facing challenges in overcoming the medical Oxygen crisis, lockdown associated losses to the economy, etc. All this necessitated coordination between the center and the states. While states are struggling with a lack of financial resources, the center is finding itself… Continue reading [ Yojana Summary] Federalism during the Pandemic – Explained, Pointwise

West Bengal Housing Industry Regulation Act (WB HIRA) is Unconstitutional: SC

Synopsis: The court struck down the West Bengal Housing Industry Regulation Act (WB HIRA), 2017 as unconstitutional. The court also clarified that the legislations by the Parliament and the state government are on the concurrent list. Introduction: The central government enacted the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act to regulate the Real Estate sector in India.… Continue reading West Bengal Housing Industry Regulation Act (WB HIRA) is Unconstitutional: SC

The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act, 2021

Introduced: Lok Sabha (15th Mar 2021) Passed: Lok Sabha passed GNCTD Bill (22nd Mar 2021) Passed: Rajya Sabha passed GNCTD Bill (24th Mar 2021) Present Status: Assent granted. Converted to an Act About GNCTD Amendment Act 2021 Objectives: Define the responsibilities of the elected government and the Lt. Governor (LG) Create a harmonious relationship between… Continue reading The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act, 2021

The NCT of Delhi Act, 2021 Enhances Cooperative Federalism

Synopsis: The accusation made on the Government regarding the passage of the Government of the NCT  of Delhi Act 2021  is groundless. Background of the NCT of Delhi Bill Last week, both Houses of Parliament voted in favor of the amendments to the Government of the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi Act. Many criticized… Continue reading The NCT of Delhi Act, 2021 Enhances Cooperative Federalism

NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 is against the Principle of Federalism

Synopsis: The Lok Sabha has passed the Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021. The Bill is against the constitutional morality and hence, it needs to be declared unconstitutional. Background Article 239AA of the Constitution of India granted Special Status to Delhi in 1991 through the 69th constitutional amendment (CAA). The 69th CAA provided… Continue reading NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 is against the Principle of Federalism

NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill is against the spirit of Federalism.

Synopsis: The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 gives more powers to the Lieutenant governor(LG). Further, It is against the principle of representative democracy. Evolution of The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) act 1991 India follows Parliamentary democracy with a cabinet form of government. This is a basic structure of the Indian… Continue reading NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill is against the spirit of Federalism.

GNCT of Delhi Amendment Bill 2021 and Supreme Court’s Verdict

Synopsis: GNCT of Delhi Amendment Bill 2021 appears to go against the idea of representative government. Introduction  The Centre’s Bill is trying to amend the law that relates to the governance of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The bill claims that its aim is to implement the Supreme Court judgments on Delhi’s governance structure.… Continue reading GNCT of Delhi Amendment Bill 2021 and Supreme Court’s Verdict

Validity of “State’s resolution against Central laws”

What is the News? The Supreme Court has found no harm in State Legislative Assemblies passing resolutions against Central laws. It was seen in the cases of the Citizenship Amendment Act or the new farm laws. What was the case? Several State Assemblies passed resolutions against the Citizenship Amendment Act and the farm laws. A… Continue reading Validity of “State’s resolution against Central laws”

The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021- Explained, Pointwise

Introduction The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 or the NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021 got introduced in Lok Sabha. It amends certain provisions related to the distribution of powers and responsibilities among the L-G (Lieutenant Governor) and the Delhi legislative assembly. The issue of power tussle between the L-G… Continue reading The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021- Explained, Pointwise

MHA introduced “NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021”

What is the News? The Ministry of Home Affairs has introduced the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill,2021 in the Lok Sabha. The Bill aims to change some important provisions concerning the National Capital. About NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021: It seeks to amend the Government of National Capital Territory of… Continue reading MHA introduced “NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021”

SC orders Info. on Rule Curve for “Mullaperiyar Dam”

What is the News? The Supreme Court orders the Tamil Nadu Chief Secretary to give information on the ‘rule curve’ for the Mullaperiyar dam. It also directed the Supervisory Committee to issue directions or take steps to address the three core safety issues. What is Rule Curve? The ‘rule curve’ in a dam decides the… Continue reading SC orders Info. on Rule Curve for “Mullaperiyar Dam”

National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws Second (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Introduced: Rajya Sabha (8th Feb 2021) Passed: Rajya Sabha (9th Feb 2021) Passed: Lok Sabha (10th March 2021) Present status: Received assent on 12th Mar 2021 and converted to Act. About National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws Second (Amendment) Bill, 2020: Ministry: Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation The bill amends the National Capital Territory of… Continue reading National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws Second (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Nagaland to revive barbed cages for criminals

What is the News? Some villages in Nagaland are trying to revive a traditional form of punishment. It involves punishing the criminals by putting them into barbed cages. About the Nagaland traditional form of punishment: Villages in Nagaland practice a traditional form of punishment that punishes social offenders or violators of Naga customary laws. They… Continue reading Nagaland to revive barbed cages for criminals

President’s rule in Puducherry: Issue in constitutional and legal provisions for Union Territories

Synopsis: President’s Rule is imposed in Puducherry after all parties failed to make government. Legal and constitutional provisions related to UTs contributes to the destabilization of government there. Background President rule is imposed recently in Puducherry after Narayanasamy government lost majority support in the assembly. This incident is not new. It is very common especially… Continue reading President’s rule in Puducherry: Issue in constitutional and legal provisions for Union Territories

Centre’s decision over Finance Commission’s recommendations

Synopsis: The 15th Finance Commission has submitted its recommendations for 2021-26 to the centre. Amongst which maximum have been accepted by the centre while others are put on a hold by it.  Background: The commission headed by N.K Singh was required to give recommendations for the period 2020-21 to 2024-25.  Although due to COVID 19,… Continue reading Centre’s decision over Finance Commission’s recommendations

An Analysis of 15th Finance commission’s recommendations

Synopsis: The 15th Finance Commission recommendations are slightly different from the other Finance commissions. It has introduced many revolutionary changes that can shape India’s future. What are the major challenges faced by 15th Finance commission? The 15th Finance commission (FC) had many challenging tasks while preparing its report for the year 2021-26. The most important… Continue reading An Analysis of 15th Finance commission’s recommendations

Issues in 15th Finance Commission Recommendation

Synopsis: The recent 15th FC report recommendations criticised on the basis of two grounds. One, the recommendations will impact co-operative federalism. Two, the recommendations are not aligned with the changing federal structure in India. Background Recently, the 15th Finance commission (FC) report tabled in the parliament. It’s following key recommendations accepted by the government. The… Continue reading Issues in 15th Finance Commission Recommendation

Govt. agrees to maintain States’ share in the divisible pool of taxes

Why in News? Recently the Government released the Fifteenth Finance Commission (15th FC) recommendations along with the action taken report in the Parliament. Major recommendations of 15th  FC: Tax Devolution to States: The 14th FC commission recommended that states 42% share in the divisible tax pool of the centre. But the interim report of 15th… Continue reading Govt. agrees to maintain States’ share in the divisible pool of taxes

15th Finance commission: Reforming financial governance of India’s municipalities

Source: Indian Express Gs2: Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure, Devolution of Powers and Finances up to Local Levels and Challenges Therein. Synopsis:  The reforms suggested by the 15th Finance commissions (interim report) can improve the financial governance of India’s municipalities. Background: The 15th Finance Commission submitted an interim report for FY 2020-21.… Continue reading 15th Finance commission: Reforming financial governance of India’s municipalities

Reasons for frictions between Puducherry CM and LG

Synopsis: Tussle between the Puducherry CM and LG Kiran Bedi is one of the examples of increasing frictions between constitutional functionaries. In today’s article we are listing the causes of frictions between them.   Background  Recently, Puducherry Chief Minister (CM) V. Narayanasamy staged a three-day protest against Lieutenant Governor (LG) Kiran Bedi.  The CM accused LG of “functioning in an autocratic manner” and adopting an “obstructionist attitude” in ensuring the progress and welfare of people and asked the… Continue reading Reasons for frictions between Puducherry CM and LG

Federal Water Governance Ecosystem

Context- Importance of Centre-States coordination to deal with the emerging challenges of inter-state water governance. How the two bills on water can attend the longstanding issue of inter-state externalities The Interstate River Water Disputes Amendment Bill 2019– The bill seeks to improve the inter-state water disputes resolution by setting up a permanent tribunal supported by a… Continue reading Federal Water Governance Ecosystem

Future of the federal framework

Context- The role of the Finance Commission as a neutral arbiter in the Centre-state relation in achieving the delicate balance. What are the key highlights of the latest report? The Fifteenth Finance Commission led by Chairman N. K. Singh submitted its report for the period 2021-2026 to President of India. Title of the report – ‘Finance Commission in COVID… Continue reading Future of the federal framework

Can a state challenge/reject central laws? On issue of farm bills and CAA

Recently Punjab has denied implementing the Central Farm Laws in the state and has moved amendments to the legislations. Previously, on the Issue of CAA (Citizenship Amendment Act), several state governments like Kerala denied the implementation of the same in their states. Thus, the question arises, are states empowered to reject the central laws in… Continue reading Can a state challenge/reject central laws? On issue of farm bills and CAA