Celebrating NRI success: When ‘national pride’ trumps obvious questions

News: Indians have to be critical about celebrating every time an NRI gets to head a giant corporation. There is a need to look at the kind of company they are running, the nature of products, or their business practices. About Indian’s performance in a global arena One should recognize the achievements or the hard… Continue reading Celebrating NRI success: When ‘national pride’ trumps obvious questions

‘More women than men’ an overestimate, say experts; demand further evidence

News: The latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data shows that there are 1,020 women for every 1,000 men in India. But experts question the validity of data. Must read: NFHS-5 and its findings – Explained, pointwise What are the expert’s opinions? Firstly, the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), an autonomous organisation of the… Continue reading ‘More women than men’ an overestimate, say experts; demand further evidence

Should the state stop focusing on population control?

News: Recent NFHS-5 data revealed that India’s Total Fertility Rate has declined to 2 from 2.2 of NFHS-4. Read here: NFHS-5 and its findings – Explained, pointwise What factors have helped India bring down the Total Fertility Rate? Women and their aspirations to plan and manage families have helped reduce the TFR. NFHS-4 pointed that women,… Continue reading Should the state stop focusing on population control?

The story of India’s falling fertility rate, in five charts

What is the news? According to the latest round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS 2019-21), India’s Total Fertility Rates (TFR) has reached 2.0 at the national level. Achievement of TFR is a significant feat for the country’s family-planning programme. Must read: NFHS-5 and its findings – Explained, pointwise About the data on NFHS-5 on population Urban-Rural Gap:… Continue reading The story of India’s falling fertility rate, in five charts

With India’s demographic transition, come challenges

Source: This post is based on the article “With India’s demographic transition, come challenges” published in Indian Express on 1st December 2021. Syllabus: GS 1 – Population and associated issues. Relevance: To understand the concerns associated with achieving Fertility Rate. News: According to the latest round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS 2019-21), India’s Total Fertility Rates (TFR) has reached… Continue reading With India’s demographic transition, come challenges

Brain drain from India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction According to the recent information from the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), More than six lakh Indians renounced citizenship in the past five years. This year alone, till September 30; 1,11,287 Indians gave up their citizenship. This shows the amount of Brain drain from India. In the past two decades,… Continue reading Brain drain from India – Explained, pointwise

The world refugees must also be shielded from Covid

Synopsis: There is a need to include refugees and provide them basic health care facilities, including vaccines, to the countries welfare programmes. Introduction There are approximately 82.4mn forcibly displaced people in the world. With the recent conflicts in Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria and other countries, their count has been increased to 11.2 mn more during the… Continue reading The world refugees must also be shielded from Covid

Around 1.3 billion people at high risk of conflict and displacement: Report

What is the News? Institute of Economics and Peace(IEP), an international think tank has released a report titled “Ecological Threat Report (ETR) 2021”. About Ecological Threat Report(ETR)  This is the second edition of the Ecological Threat Report (ETR), which analyses 178 independent states and territories.  The report assesses threats relating to food risk, water risk,… Continue reading Around 1.3 billion people at high risk of conflict and displacement: Report

Country’s first Pan-India helpline for senior citizens: Elder Line (Toll Free No- 14567)

What is the News? The government of India has launched the first pan-India toll-free helpline–14567–for senior citizens called the ‘Elder Line’. What is the Elder Line? Elder Line is the first pan-India toll-free helpline–14567–for senior citizens. It aims to provide free information and guidance on pension and legal issues, extend emotional support and intervene in… Continue reading Country’s first Pan-India helpline for senior citizens: Elder Line (Toll Free No- 14567)

Covid-19 pandemic cut life expectancy by most since World War II

What is the News? According to a study by Oxford University, the Covid-19 pandemic reduced the life expectancy of men and women in 27 countries in 2020. What are the key findings of the Study? Firstly, the COVID-19 pandemic has reduced life expectancy in 2020 by the largest amount since World War II. Secondly, Life… Continue reading Covid-19 pandemic cut life expectancy by most since World War II

Complex count: On caste census

Synopsis:  A precise caste census is difficult, but the data will be useful to drive social policy. Introduction This article talks about the complexities that are inherent in the caste census. There are challenges in conducting a caste census, but given the merit of such a census, should we go ahead with the census? What… Continue reading Complex count: On caste census

Judiciary must reexamine how it has viewed citizenship questions in Assam

Synopsis: NRC was designed to filter out the foreigners in India. However, this seems to be impacting the very right of citizenship of Indians residing in Assam. Introduction Recently, Gauhati High Court, while hearing the case of Asor Uddin, gave its view on citizenship. Ason was declared to be a “foreigner” by a Foreigners Tribunal… Continue reading Judiciary must reexamine how it has viewed citizenship questions in Assam

What counts is seldom counted: About Census

Synopsis: The census in India has been postponed due to the pandemic. Such events are rare. This also opens up the opportunity to discuss utility and changes to the census. Introduction It is surprising that while India is debating the caste census, the regular census has not been conducted yet. In fact, it is the… Continue reading What counts is seldom counted: About Census

Population growth rates have shrunk more for minorities: Pew report

What is the News? Pew Research has released its key findings about the religious composition of India. What are the Key Findings? India’s overall population more than tripled between 1951 and 2011, though growth rates have slowed since the 1990s: The total number of Indians grew to 1.2 billion in the 2011 census from 361… Continue reading Population growth rates have shrunk more for minorities: Pew report

NRC is final, rules Assam Foreigners’ Tribunal

Synopsis: Recently Foreigner’s tribunal in NRC issues a notice stating that the NRC list is final. Introduction While the Registrar General of India has not yet issued a notification on Assam’s National Register of Citizens (NRC) to make it a legal document, a Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) has gone ahead and recorded it as the “final NRC”.… Continue reading NRC is final, rules Assam Foreigners’ Tribunal

Who is the hollow CAA really meant to protect?

Synopsis: The CAA was never meant to help asylum seekers and protect persecuted people. Introduction The government evacuated many of its citizens and Afghan nationals from the Hindu and Sikh minorities after the Taliban takeover. But these people would not be given Indian nationality under Citizenship Amendment Act because of the provisions mentioned in it. It provides… Continue reading Who is the hollow CAA really meant to protect?

Shifts and stagnancy in the caste profile of our asset rich and poor

Synopsis: India’s debate on modifying affirmative action policies should be informed by an understanding of the trends observed so far. Introduction There are increasing demands for a caste census and the removal of a 50% cap on reserved seats for central government jobs and admissions to the central educational institutions. Read more: Caste based census… Continue reading Shifts and stagnancy in the caste profile of our asset rich and poor

Non Binary genders need more visibility in India’s Census 2021

Synopsis: Separating sex and gender in the country’s biggest socio-economic survey is necessary. Introduction Census data is important as it acts as a base for many other surveys in the country.  This is because the census data is a better enumeration of categories of gender. But still, the Census is far from perfect. About the… Continue reading Non Binary genders need more visibility in India’s Census 2021

Why a Caste Census is needed-and why it may not see light of the day

Synopsis: Although caste-based census would provide up-to-date data to calibrate reservation, it also threatens social justice as it can roll back the discrimination regime. Introduction Recently, the Indian Parliament passed the 127th Constitution Amendment Bill, 2021. It overrides the Supreme Court’s (SC) interpretation of the 102nd Constitutional Amendment. SC judgment in the Maratha case had… Continue reading Why a Caste Census is needed-and why it may not see light of the day

Does the economy need more people?

Source: This post is based on the article “Does the economy need more people?” published in Business Standard on 1st September 2021. Relevance: Technological advancement and its impact on Demography. Synopsis: In the age of technological disruptions and climate change, the case for a young and fast-growing population driving India’s economy is growing weaker. Is… Continue reading Does the economy need more people?

On India’s population, let the data speak

Source: The Indian Expres Relevance: Population control measures have to be rational and focus on the welfare-based approach Synopsis: Focusing on the education and empowerment of women can help states to achieve desired fertility rates. Introduction The recently released empirical data from the National Family Health Survey 2019-20 (NFHS-5) for 22 states and Union territories… Continue reading On India’s population, let the data speak

Caste based census in India – Explained, pointwise

Introduction At the recently concluded Parliament session, there was a demand to lift the 50% cap on reservation imposed by the Supreme Court through the legislative route. With the 2021 Census coming up, several political parties have demanded a nationwide caste census. On the other hand, the Ministry of Home Affairs has said that the… Continue reading Caste based census in India – Explained, pointwise

The big opportunity

Source: The Hindu Relevance: This article explains the advantages of the rising young population. Synopsis: A rising youth population in India can provide many benefits to India. Introduction: According to various international studies, the median age in India would be 28 years by 2022-23, in contrast to 37 in China and 45 in Western Europe.… Continue reading The big opportunity

An urban jobs safety net

Source: TheHindu Relevance: Impact of COVID on economy & employment Synopsis: The article signifies the need to formulate a wage employment-based national urban livelihood scheme on lines of MGNREGA. Impact of COVID on the economy World Economic outlook report presents a grim picture of the global economy. It states that – all of the world countries… Continue reading An urban jobs safety net

A caste census will serve no clear worthy purpose

Source: LiveMint Relevance: Understand the challenges with the caste census in India. Synopsis: There are proposals to revive the caste-based census in the National Census of 2021. But introducing them is not easy, and the caste census has certain challenges. Introduction With census fast approaching, some sections argue the need to include caste in the… Continue reading A caste census will serve no clear worthy purpose

Migration from factories to farms, a sign of distress

Source: Business Standard  Synopsis: The government’s Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) report shows a sharp increase in employment in agriculture. It has increased to 45.6% in 2019-20, compared to 42.5% of the total employment in 2018-19. This is a sign of distress as migration to agriculture has been due to compulsion and not in wake… Continue reading Migration from factories to farms, a sign of distress

The Power of Population for Economies

Source: Live Mint Relevance: Population control has been debated much. However, there are other aspects that require attention. Synopsis: Governments, globally, are focussing on population control policies. However, political failure is doing more harm compared to population increase. Introduction  Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus wrote in his Essay on Population—“The power of population is indefinitely greater than… Continue reading The Power of Population for Economies

Kerala has highest share of elderly in population, Bihar lowest

Source: TOI  What is the News? Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation(MOSPI) has released a report titled “Elderly in India 2021”.The report is based on the findings of the Technical Group on Population Projections for India and States for 2011-2036. Key Findings of the Elderly in India 2021 Report:  Growth of Elderly Population: The general… Continue reading Kerala has highest share of elderly in population, Bihar lowest

Why a shrinking population is terrible for a modern economy

Source: Livemint Relevance: This article explains the challenges associated with a shrinking population. Synopsis: A shrinking population is a bigger worry than a heavy welfare burden Introduction: The US population was shrinking. From the fertility rate of 3.2 in 1956, the fertility rate reached 1.6 in 2020. But the shrinking population has many challenges associated with it.… Continue reading Why a shrinking population is terrible for a modern economy

7 PM Daily Editorials Brief – February 9, 2018 (Union budget 2018-19: a cause for women to cheer)

Read In-depth analysis of all the Editorials here Source : Ujjwala Yojana to benefit eight crore women now Analysis : Union budget 2018-19: a cause for women to cheer