Shifts and stagnancy in the caste profile of our asset rich and poor

Synopsis: India’s debate on modifying affirmative action policies should be informed by an understanding of the trends observed so far. Introduction There are increasing demands for a caste census and the removal of a 50% cap on reserved seats for central government jobs and admissions to the central educational institutions. Read more: Caste based census… Continue reading Shifts and stagnancy in the caste profile of our asset rich and poor

Non Binary genders need more visibility in India’s Census 2021

Synopsis: Separating sex and gender in the country’s biggest socio-economic survey is necessary. Introduction Census data is important as it acts as a base for many other surveys in the country.  This is because the census data is a better enumeration of categories of gender. But still, the Census is far from perfect. About the… Continue reading Non Binary genders need more visibility in India’s Census 2021

Why a Caste Census is needed-and why it may not see light of the day

Synopsis: Although caste-based census would provide up-to-date data to calibrate reservation, it also threatens social justice as it can roll back the discrimination regime. Introduction Recently, the Indian Parliament passed the 127th Constitution Amendment Bill, 2021. It overrides the Supreme Court’s (SC) interpretation of the 102nd Constitutional Amendment. SC judgment in the Maratha case had… Continue reading Why a Caste Census is needed-and why it may not see light of the day

Does the economy need more people?

Source: This post is based on the article “Does the economy need more people?” published in Business Standard on 1st September 2021. Relevance: Technological advancement and its impact on Demography. Synopsis: In the age of technological disruptions and climate change, the case for a young and fast-growing population driving India’s economy is growing weaker. Is… Continue reading Does the economy need more people?

On India’s population, let the data speak

Source: The Indian Expres Relevance: Population control measures have to be rational and focus on the welfare-based approach Synopsis: Focusing on the education and empowerment of women can help states to achieve desired fertility rates. Introduction The recently released empirical data from the National Family Health Survey 2019-20 (NFHS-5) for 22 states and Union territories… Continue reading On India’s population, let the data speak

Caste based census in India – Explained, pointwise

Introduction At the recently concluded Parliament session, there was a demand to lift the 50% cap on reservation imposed by the Supreme Court through the legislative route. With the 2021 Census coming up, several political parties have demanded a nationwide caste census. On the other hand, the Ministry of Home Affairs has said that the… Continue reading Caste based census in India – Explained, pointwise

The big opportunity

Source: The Hindu Relevance: This article explains the advantages of the rising young population. Synopsis: A rising youth population in India can provide many benefits to India. Introduction: According to various international studies, the median age in India would be 28 years by 2022-23, in contrast to 37 in China and 45 in Western Europe.… Continue reading The big opportunity

An urban jobs safety net

Source: TheHindu Relevance: Impact of COVID on economy & employment Synopsis: The article signifies the need to formulate a wage employment-based national urban livelihood scheme on lines of MGNREGA. Impact of COVID on the economy World Economic outlook report presents a grim picture of the global economy. It states that – all of the world countries… Continue reading An urban jobs safety net

A caste census will serve no clear worthy purpose

Source: LiveMint Relevance: Understand the challenges with the caste census in India. Synopsis: There are proposals to revive the caste-based census in the National Census of 2021. But introducing them is not easy, and the caste census has certain challenges. Introduction With census fast approaching, some sections argue the need to include caste in the… Continue reading A caste census will serve no clear worthy purpose

Migration from factories to farms, a sign of distress

Source: Business Standard  Synopsis: The government’s Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) report shows a sharp increase in employment in agriculture. It has increased to 45.6% in 2019-20, compared to 42.5% of the total employment in 2018-19. This is a sign of distress as migration to agriculture has been due to compulsion and not in wake… Continue reading Migration from factories to farms, a sign of distress