[Answered] State Laws that limit the rights of out-of-state citizens are antithetical to the idea of India as one nation. How do these laws impact the fundamental rights of the citizens? Explain.

Introduction: Mention recent state laws on reservation for locals. Body: Write the impact of these laws on the fundamental rights in detail. Conclusion: Give a way forward.  The Constitution has established India as one nation with all citizens having equal fundamental rights to live, travel and work anywhere in the country.    In the last three… Continue reading [Answered] State Laws that limit the rights of out-of-state citizens are antithetical to the idea of India as one nation. How do these laws impact the fundamental rights of the citizens? Explain.

Reservation on hiring

News Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Act, 2020 is all set to be implemented from 15th January 2022. Read more: Concerns associated with Local Reservation Laws What are the provisions of the Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Act? It provides for a 75% job quota for local people in private sector jobs which offer… Continue reading Reservation on hiring

CJI voices support for 50% representation for women in judiciary

What is the News? Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana has backed 50% representation for women in the judiciary. Women and Judiciary Women constitute only about 30% of the subordinate judiciary. In High Courts, women judges constitute 11.5%. In the Supreme Court, we currently have four women Justices out of the sitting 33. That makes… Continue reading CJI voices support for 50% representation for women in judiciary

Supreme Court sets aside Madras High Court remarks on EWS quota

What is the News? The Supreme Court has set aside the observations in the Madras High Court’s order, which said that the reservation for Economically Weaker Sections(EWS) in the NEET-All India Quota can be implemented only with the approval of the Supreme Court. Background Recently, the Government of India had announced a 27% reservation for… Continue reading Supreme Court sets aside Madras High Court remarks on EWS quota

Jharkhand clears Bill for 75% quota for locals in private jobs

  What is the News? The Jharkhand Assembly has passed the Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates in the Private Sector Bill, 2021.  Must read: Job reservation in private sector for locals  Key Provisions of the bill Reservation for Local Candidates: The Bill provides for 75% reservation to local residents in private sector jobs with… Continue reading Jharkhand clears Bill for 75% quota for locals in private jobs

Redefining the reservation policy

Synopsis: Political parties should consider making substantive changes to the way reservation is implemented. Introduction Recently, Tamil Nadu adopted a bill to provide 10.5% reservation for Vanniyakula Kshatriyas within the quota of MBC (Most Backward Class) and DNC (Denotified Communities) With the 105th Constitutional Amendment, center empowered the states/ UTs to prepare their own list… Continue reading Redefining the reservation policy

The key to revitalising India’s reservation system

Synopsis: A Socio-economic caste-based census becomes a necessary precondition to initiate any meaningful reform. Introduction Recently, the central government’s decision to introduce reservations for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) examinations has been appreciated. This ignited the debate on caste census once again and brought the debate on affirmative… Continue reading The key to revitalising India’s reservation system

Income and quotas

Source: The Hindu Syllabus: GS 2 – Fundamental rights Relevance: To understand dimensions of creamy layer Synopsis: Supreme Court (SC) lays bare the limit of using economic criteria to determine reservation ability SC ruled that economic criteria alone cannot be used to classify “creamy layer” members of Backward Class (BC). Apart from the economic criterion,… Continue reading Income and quotas

‘Economic criterion not sole basis for creamy layer’

Source: The Hindu What is the News? In Pichhra Varg Kalyan Mahasabha Haryana v. State of Haryana) case, the Supreme Court has stated that economic criterion cannot be the sole basis for identifying sections of backward communities as ‘creamy layer’. What was the case? A petition was filed in the Supreme Court challenging the two… Continue reading ‘Economic criterion not sole basis for creamy layer’

Quota benefit cant be availed simultaneously in 2 states

Source: The Hindu Recently, the Supreme Court clarifies its stand on the reservation in reorganised states. The court held that a person can claim benefits in either of the successor states. About the Supreme Court (SC) verdict: The court ruled that a person cannot claim the benefit of reservation simultaneously in both the successor states upon… Continue reading Quota benefit cant be availed simultaneously in 2 states

Caste in stone

Source:  Busines Standard, TOI Relevance: To understand the impact of the 127th Amendment act. Synopsis: Recently GoI passed legislation to enable states to declare their own OBC list. Many argue that it strengthens federalism, but we must also consider the socio-political turmoil it may cause. Introduction: Article 340 provided special protection and benefits to SC/ST.… Continue reading Caste in stone

OBC list issue: Quotas solve little

Source:  Indian ExpressTOITOI Relevance: latest developments in the issue of OBC reservation. Synopsis: Reservation is a sticky issue in Indian politics. The recent move of restoring the rights of States to frame the OBC list (127th amendment bill) is seen by many as a step in the right direction. Introduction: Political parties showed unity in… Continue reading OBC list issue: Quotas solve little

RTE Act exemptions hurting minority kids, says NCPCR study

Source: TOI What is the News? National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has released a report titled  “Impact of Exemption under Article 15 (5) with regards to Article 21A of the Constitution of India on Education of Children in Minority Communities”. Objective: to assess the impact of exemption of minority educational institutions from… Continue reading RTE Act exemptions hurting minority kids, says NCPCR study

Lok Sabha passes Constitution amendment Bill to restore states’ powers on OBC list

Source: Indian Express What is the News? Lok Sabha has unanimously passed the Constitution (127th Amendment) Bill, 2021. About Constitution (127th Amendment) Bill, 2021: Main Purpose of the Bill: The Bill amends the Constitution to allow states and union territories to prepare their own list of socially and educationally backward classes.  Key Provisions of the… Continue reading Lok Sabha passes Constitution amendment Bill to restore states’ powers on OBC list

Proposed amendments to Coal Bearing Areas Act will change land acquisition for mining: Experts

Source: Down to Earth Relevance: Implications of the amendments to Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) [CBA] Act, 1957. Synopsis: The proposed amendments to the CBA Act are likely to grant more control to private corporations, make tribal land acquisition easy. An analysis. What is the CBA Act? The Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development)… Continue reading Proposed amendments to Coal Bearing Areas Act will change land acquisition for mining: Experts

Cabinet passes bill restoring power of states to make their own OBC lists

Source: Business Standard Synopsis: The reservation has always been a sticky and political issue. While some time back Government gave constitutional status to NCBC, now Government is coming up with a move for states to make their own OBC list. Context: The Union Cabinet is learnt to have cleared a Constitution amendment bill which seeks… Continue reading Cabinet passes bill restoring power of states to make their own OBC lists

Providing horizontal quota: the Bihar way

Source: The Hindu Relevance: This article explains the recent horizontal reservation policy of the Bihar government and its advantages. Synopsis The Bihar government’s horizontal reservation for women should be extended to other states also. Introduction The Bihar government recently announced 33% horizontal reservation for women in State engineering and medical colleges. What is the vertical and… Continue reading Providing horizontal quota: the Bihar way

Chhattisgarh doubles OBC quota, hikes SC benefits

Chhattisgarh Chief Minister has announced an increase in reservations for OBCs and Scheduled Castes in state government jobs and education. The government has decided to increase the quota for Scheduled Castes by 1% (at present it is 12%) The reservation for OBCs will be increased from 14% to 27%. The quota for Scheduled Tribes will… Continue reading Chhattisgarh doubles OBC quota, hikes SC benefits

Goa planning to reserve 80% jobs in factories for locals

The Goa state government is planning to reserve 80% jobs in industrial units receiving State government subsidies for people of Goan origin. Recently, the Andhra Pradesh state government passed the AP Employment of Local Candidates in Industries and Factories Bill, 2019 making Andhra Pradesh the first state in India to reserve jobs for locals. The… Continue reading Goa planning to reserve 80% jobs in factories for locals

First in India: Andhra Pradesh reserves 75% of private jobs for locals

Andhra Pradesh has passed the Andhra Pradesh(AP) Employment of Local Candidates in Industries/Factories Act,2019.This will make A.P the first state in the country to reserve jobs for locals. The law seeks to reserve 75% jobs for locals in all private industrial units and factories,irrespective of whether or not these companies get financial or other help… Continue reading First in India: Andhra Pradesh reserves 75% of private jobs for locals

SC to hear pleas on 10% economic quota on April 8

The Supreme Court has agreed to hear pleas which challenged the Constitution(103rd Amendment) Act on April 8. The Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act provides for 10% reservation in government jobs and educational institutions for the economically weaker section in the unreserved category. The Act amends Article 15 and 16 to provide for reservation based on economic… Continue reading SC to hear pleas on 10% economic quota on April 8

Rajasthan’s Gujjar quota faces a legal challenge

The Rajasthan government’s move to give 5% reservation to Gujjars and four other nomadic communities in jobs and education citing them as being an “extremely backward class”, has been challenged in the High Court. The Petition was filed on the basis that (a) It breached the 50% ceiling on reservation laid down by the Supreme… Continue reading Rajasthan’s Gujjar quota faces a legal challenge

SC dismisses Centre, UGC review pleas against department-wise quota for faculties

The apex court has rejected the Centre’s plea seeking review of its earlier verdict by which it had declined to interfere with a decision of the Allahabad High Court on the crucial quota issue. The Allahabad High Court had ruled that the reservation for the Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Other Backward Castes… Continue reading SC dismisses Centre, UGC review pleas against department-wise quota for faculties

Rajasthan clears 5% quota for Gujjars

The Rajasthan government has passed the Rajasthan Backward Classes (Reservation of Seats in Educational Institutes in the State and of Appointments and Posts in Services under the State) Amendment Bill, 2019. The bill comes in the backdrop of two similar bills passed in 2015 and 2017 which were struck down by the Rajasthan High Court.… Continue reading Rajasthan clears 5% quota for Gujjars

SC declines stay on 10% quota

1.The Supreme Court has declined to order a stay on the Centre’s decision to grant 10% reservation in jobs and educational institutions to economically weak sections in the general category. 2.The petitioners has sought the quashing of the bill due to following reasons a) The economic criterion cannot be the sole basis for reservation.b) The… Continue reading SC declines stay on 10% quota