Rationale behind New Information Technology Rules, 2021

Synopsis: Social media is a direct product of the globalized internet, which connects people all over the globe. It significantly impacts economic, social, and political discourse in a country. Hence, the government formulated new Information Technology Rules, 2021 to regulate them and prevent their misuse. Background: The internet has revolutionized the world, and we are… Continue reading Rationale behind New Information Technology Rules, 2021

“Safe Harbour Protection” for Twitter Withdrawn

What is the News? According to the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology(MeitY), Twitter has failed to comply with the Information Technology (IT) Rules, 2021. This means the “Safe Harbour” Protection under Section 79 of the Information Technology (IT) Act is withdrawn for Twitter. What is “Safe Harbour” Protection under Section 79  of IT Act?… Continue reading “Safe Harbour Protection” for Twitter Withdrawn

G7 accommodates Indian stand on the need for “Internet shutdown”

What is the News? The G7 countries statement on the Internet Shutdown was amended after India objected to the original language criticising “Internet shutdowns”. Internet Shutdowns all over the world: According to a report by digital rights and privacy organisation Access Now, of the total 155 internet shutdowns globally in 2020, India alone accounted for… Continue reading G7 accommodates Indian stand on the need for “Internet shutdown”

Securing privacy and data rights in the age of social audio

Synopsis: Privacy and data rights remain out of focus on social audio.  Introduction The clubhouse is a new social networking app based around audio rooms. It crossed over 2 million Android downloads last month. The main feature of the app is the unique audio medium through which its users interact. This feature makes clubhouse different… Continue reading Securing privacy and data rights in the age of social audio

Protecting human rights in the age of disinformation

Synopsis: Despite the threat of information disorder (spread of disinformation), human rights-friendly governance is both possible and achievable. Introduction  The Supreme Court of India (SC) recently warned against any attempt to curb free speech. The UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) Special Rapporteur gave a report on “Disinformation and Freedom of Opinion and Expression”, which is… Continue reading Protecting human rights in the age of disinformation

Traceability Provisions Under the new IT Rules will encroach into User’s Privacy

Synopsis: The significant social media intermediaries (including whatsapp) are unhappy with the traceability provision under the new IT rules. This would end the encryption feature on messaging platforms and would undermine users’ privacy. This calls for reconsidering the concerning provisions of new rules. Background: The Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code)… Continue reading Traceability Provisions Under the new IT Rules will encroach into User’s Privacy

Need to Reform the Information Technology Rules, 2021

Synopsis: Though, the Information Technology Rules, 2021 has many positives there are some ambiguities that need to be addressed. What are the positive provisions in the Information Technology Rules, 2021? Positives in the Information Technology Rules, 2021: It mandates duties on social media platforms such as Removal of non-consensual intimate pictures within 24 hours, Publication… Continue reading Need to Reform the Information Technology Rules, 2021

Tussle between Government and Social Media companies

Synopsis: The new IT rules have initiated a tussle between Government and Social Media companies. The government wants compliance while the companies are hesitant to adopt them on the grounds of privacy and freedom. Background: The fault lines are hardening between the government and social media companies over the adoption of the Information Technology (Guidelines… Continue reading Tussle between Government and Social Media companies

New IT Rules for Social Media and its challenges – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction The Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 came into force in India. The new IT rules have been framed to address the Social Media, Digital Media, and OTT platforms in a specific manner. The government has released the new IT rules, 2021 in February. The government provided 3… Continue reading New IT Rules for Social Media and its challenges – Explained, Pointwise

Traceability Provision of New IT Rules 2021

What is the News? The Government of India has referred to the 2019 Supreme Court order to justify the introduction of Traceability Provision in the IT (Information Technology) Rules, 2021. The Traceability Provision requires the social media platforms to compulsorily identify the first originator of the information in India, upon government or court order. About the… Continue reading Traceability Provision of New IT Rules 2021

New IT Rules 2021- No protection under the Section 79 of IT Act upon Non compliance

Synopsis: The Information Technology Rules, 2021 have now come into force. Social Media companies will lose their protection under Section 79 of the IT Act if they fail to comply with new rules. Background: The Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 came into force on 26th May 2021.  They… Continue reading New IT Rules 2021- No protection under the Section 79 of IT Act upon Non compliance

What is “Traceability Provision” of IT rules 2021?

What is the News? WhatsApp has approached the Delhi High Court. It is challenging the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules,2021 traceability provision of IT rules. What has WhatsApp challenged in the Delhi High Court? Firstly, WhatsApp has challenged the traceability provision in the Information Technology Rules,2021. Secondly, The traceability provision requires the… Continue reading What is “Traceability Provision” of IT rules 2021?

Issues with New IT rules for Social Media

Synopsis: Instead of non-compliance with the new IT rules for social media, social media companies should engage with the government to address their concerns. Introduction: New IT rules of intermediaries will come into effect from today. But, it is expected that most of the global social media giants will not comply with the rules. About the… Continue reading Issues with New IT rules for Social Media

New IT Rules,2021 and the issue of non-compliance.

What is the News? The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has notified the IT(Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules,2021 in the Gazette on February 25th,2021. The Government had asked the significant social media intermediaries to comply with the rules within three months i.e. by 25th May 2021. However, many of these… Continue reading New IT Rules,2021 and the issue of non-compliance.

Tussle between Government and Social Media Platform

  Synopsis: The Government of India ordered micro-blogging platform Twitter to remove the label of manipulated media from some posts shared by its officials. This included Union Ministers, but this order has no legal foot to stand on. Background   It is alleged that the Government of India is willing to empower officials to attack political… Continue reading Tussle between Government and Social Media Platform

WhatsApp Privacy Policy Comes into Effect : Issues and Challenges

Synopsis: Whatsapp’s new privacy policy came into effect from May 15, 2021. Whatsapp suggested users, who do not want to agree with their policy, should discontinue. It also claims that the new privacy policy is relevant to only the business version of the app, which is not satisfying. Introduction The senior advocates Kapil Sibal and… Continue reading WhatsApp Privacy Policy Comes into Effect : Issues and Challenges

WhatsApp’s Privacy Policy and Data Protection law in India

Synopsis: The government sought a response against WhatsApp’s Privacy policy, but it is just a short-sighted one. The government should focus on long-term solutions like enacting data protection law. Introduction: The central government recently issued a notice to WhatsApp to withdraw its updated privacy policy. But this is a clear government intervention into a legitimate… Continue reading WhatsApp’s Privacy Policy and Data Protection law in India

Need for a robust Personal Data Protection Bill

Synopsis: Some concerns in the draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 needs to be addressed to make it more effective. Background After the Pandemic, many people are participating in the digital economy. For example, online purchase of groceries, telemedicine, e-education, etc., During the same period, the number of personal data breaches from major digital service… Continue reading Need for a robust Personal Data Protection Bill

The Issue of Programme Code for Media outlets

Synopsis – Karnataka High Court directs media outlets to stick to Programme Code. Introduction Karnataka minister resigned after media aired footage that allegedly featured him and an unidentified woman. There has been speculation about the prospect of more such CDs that could be aired. Following that, PIL filed by Jarkiholi’s lawyer. It seeks to take… Continue reading The Issue of Programme Code for Media outlets

Flaws in New IT rules 2021

Synopsis: The new Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) New IT Rules 2021 suffers from numerous flaws. Due to this, experts have questioned their efficacy and legality.  Background: The online streaming industry has grown multifold in recent years and has made a unique space of itself vis-a-vis cinema and television. However, the… Continue reading Flaws in New IT rules 2021

Why Criticisms of New IT Rules 2021 are illogical?

Synopsis: The new IT rules 2021, are not discretionary or arbitrary. These rules are aimed towards creating a level playing field. Introduction: Recently, the government introduced the Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021. The rules have the potential to transform the online media platforms to fit into the Indian ecosystem. Few important… Continue reading Why Criticisms of New IT Rules 2021 are illogical?

Supreme Court on “IT Rules 2021” to regulate OTT platforms

What is the News? The Supreme Court has expressed dissatisfaction with the new IT rules 2021 to regulate content on Over the Top(OTT) platforms. What was the case? The Supreme Court is hearing a plea filed by Amazon Prime’s Commercial Head. The plea is challenging the Allahabad High Court Judgment denying her pre-arrest bail in… Continue reading Supreme Court on “IT Rules 2021” to regulate OTT platforms

Clarification on IT Rules, 2021 for OTT Platforms

What is the News? The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting clarifies certain aspects of IT Rules, 2021 for OTT platforms. It clarified that there will be no government nominee in the self-regulatory body. What is the issue? The Central government notified Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021. These rules broadly… Continue reading Clarification on IT Rules, 2021 for OTT Platforms

Critical Analysis of New IT Rules 2021

Synopsis: Government released new ‘IT (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021’. There are many flaws in these rules that require urgent attention. Background Recently the centre introduced the ‘Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) new IT Rules 2021’ to regulate all types of digital platforms. For framing the… Continue reading Critical Analysis of New IT Rules 2021

Why New IT Rules, 2021 for Social Media were necessary?

Synopsis: Government has released new IT rules 2021 for Social media. This article talks about the need for these rules. Background: Recently, The Indian government has announced a number of rules to curb the misuse of social media. Read More about New Rules: New IT Rules for Social Media and OTT platforms – Explained Pointwise… Continue reading Why New IT Rules, 2021 for Social Media were necessary?

New IT Rules for Social Media and OTT platforms – Explained Pointwise

Introduction The Government of India has released the Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021. It aims to regulate social media, digital news media, and Over-The-Top (OTT) content providers. The rules were jointly announced by the Minister for Information Technology and the Minister for Information and Broadcasting. Despite being praised… Continue reading New IT Rules for Social Media and OTT platforms – Explained Pointwise

New Social Media Code – A much-needed one for India

Synopsis: The new Social media code is much-needed to ensure the online platforms are subject to law of the land Introduction: Recently, the government introduced the Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021. The rules have the potential to transform the online media platforms to fit into the Indian ecosystem.… Continue reading New Social Media Code – A much-needed one for India

New social media rules – an analysis

Synopsis: The government announced The Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021. The experts have welcomed the step but there are some cautious provisions in the new social media rules. Background of the new social media rules: The rise of social media resulted in enormous controlling power in the hands of… Continue reading New social media rules – an analysis

Govt announces new social media rules to curb its misuse

What is the news? The Government of India has released the Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021. It aims to regulate social media, digital news media and over-the-top (OTT) content providers. Key Provisions of the Rules: Social media companies and redressal: The government wants social media companies to have… Continue reading Govt announces new social media rules to curb its misuse

Delhi Court’s ruling on Disha Ravi Toolkit case

Synopsis – Delhi court grants bail to Disha Ravi in its ruling in the tool kit case. It termed evidence produced by Delhi police as inappropriate. Introduction- Delhi Court granted bail to climate activist Disha Ravi, arrested in the Greta Thunberg ‘toolkit’ case. Delhi Police arrested her on charges of sedition and criminal conspiracy in… Continue reading Delhi Court’s ruling on Disha Ravi Toolkit case

A tussle between Australia and Facebook over News Charges

Synopsis: Recently, a clash erupted between the Australian government and Facebook. The big Techs in Australia are opposing the Fee to media companies for using their content. Background Recently, the Australian government has proposed the ‘News Media and Digital Platforms Mandatory Bargaining Code Bill 2020’. The bill aims to make Google and Facebook pay to… Continue reading A tussle between Australia and Facebook over News Charges

Need to regulate Big techs in India

Synopsis: The Indian government is planning to announce important regulations on big techs Internet-related technology companies.  Introduction  At present the world has two visions of the internet technology:  Libertarianism: Under this, liberal internet policies were followed by countries such as the USA. This model was successful in the past but now under pressure due to… Continue reading Need to regulate Big techs in India

Government’s Notice to Twitter: Why Twitter’s actions are justified?

Synopsis: Twitter has acted with reason after defying the Indian government’s legal orders. It didn’t implement the order fully and this action is desirable despite the criticism. Introduction  Twitter did not act in accordance with the Indian government’s orders under Section 69A of the IT Act. It was required to block hundreds of accounts under… Continue reading Government’s Notice to Twitter: Why Twitter’s actions are justified?

Climate activist arrested in ‘Toolkit Conspiracy’

Synopsis: A 22-year-old climate activist got arrested for misusing a toolkit. Such instances raise a question of alleged misuse of power by the government officials.    Read More – Toolkit conspiracy case and its imapct on India- Explained Pointwise – ForumIAS Blog  Background:  The Delhi Police has already registered multiple First Information Reports (FIRs) post the 26th January farmer protest… Continue reading Climate activist arrested in ‘Toolkit Conspiracy’

Toolkit conspiracy case and its imapct on India- Explained Pointwise

Table of contents: What is Tool Kit? What is the Greta Thunberg toolkit case? Previous such example pointed out by activists What are the existing provisions for such arrest? Why government actions on activists are justified? Judicial interventions on such cases in the past Challenges faced by the government in arresting activists Suggestions Recently Climate… Continue reading Toolkit conspiracy case and its imapct on India- Explained Pointwise

Need of reforming the blocking powers of Government

Synopsis: The government’s use of is blocking powers under Section 69A of Information and Technology Act 2000 (I.T Act) attracted criticism. There is a need to reforms the blocking powers to ensure free speech in Indian democracy. Background: Twitter suspended some user accounts based on Emergency restriction orders issued by Government under Section 69A. Govt.… Continue reading Need of reforming the blocking powers of Government

Self-regulatory codes 2020 for OTTs should be allowed

Synopsis: The government should consider allowing the Over-The-Top (OTT) services to self-regulate themselves.  Recently, they published a new tool kit to implement the self-regulation code of 2020. Read – Self-regulatory toolkit by OTTs for implementation of Self Regulation Codes, 2020 – ForumIAS Blog Background The Over-The-Top (OTT) services in India have witnessed an increase in… Continue reading Self-regulatory codes 2020 for OTTs should be allowed

What are the issues in government’s order to Twitter?

Synopsis: The government ordered twitter to shut down user accounts connected with the farm protests. This order hampers fundamental rights and also reveals a complex relationship between the government and large platforms. Introduction The growing digitization of Indian society can be seen in the ongoing farmers’ protest. A new hashtag trends on Twitter for and against… Continue reading What are the issues in government’s order to Twitter?

Disinformation issue in Cyber Space: Issues and Way forward

Source – The Hindu Syllabus – GS 3 – Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention. Synopsis – Society needs protection from disinformation. The best approach to deal with it, is to take advantage of the mechanisms… Continue reading Disinformation issue in Cyber Space: Issues and Way forward

Self-regulatory toolkit by OTTs for implementation of Self Regulation Codes, 2020

What is the News? 17 Over-the-Top (OTT) Platforms have adopted a “toolkit” for effective implementation of the self-regulation code of 2020. The toolkit will be effective from February 10, 2021. What are OTT platforms? It is a streaming media service offered directly to viewers via the Internet. Examples include Netflix, Amazon’s Prime Video, Hotstar, and… Continue reading Self-regulatory toolkit by OTTs for implementation of Self Regulation Codes, 2020

Privacy Issues in government backed Apps

Source- The Hindu Syllabus– GS 3 – Awareness in the fields of IT, space, computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights IPR. Synopsis- Data privacy issues related to government technology platforms and their possible solutions. Background- Recently, WhatsApp has rollbacked their privacy policy after facing a huge backlash from users. Many… Continue reading Privacy Issues in government backed Apps

Centre’s Powers under “Section 69A of IT Act”

What is the News? The Government of India has asked Twitter to follow Indian laws. The government has also expressed disappointment over partial compliance with its orders. What was the issue? The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology(MeitY) ordered Twitter to block several Twitter accounts for posing a threat to law and order. The order… Continue reading Centre’s Powers under “Section 69A of IT Act”

Issues of restricting free speech in name of fake news

Source: The Indian Express Syllabus: GS Synopsis: MHA has recommended criminalizing the spread of misleading news about vaccines. This step would have many repercussions. Introduction The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued a recommendation letter to all state governments. In that, the MHA mentioned that state governments can pursue criminal action against individuals and… Continue reading Issues of restricting free speech in name of fake news

Regulating tech giants in India- Explained

Recently Indian government issued a notice to Twitter after it restored more than 250 suspended accounts. On January 31st Twitter suspended these accounts as per the government’s order. These accounts were allegedly promoting misinformation about the farmer’s protests. The tech giants with their power to influence the market, society, and governments are involved in unethical… Continue reading Regulating tech giants in India- Explained

Internet shutdowns in India: impacts and way forward

Source: The Hindu Gs2: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation. Synopsis: Frequent internet shutdown by the state has many negative consequences. Governments must find alternatives to balance civil liberties and security. Background: The Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services (Public Emergency or Public Safety)… Continue reading Internet shutdowns in India: impacts and way forward

Twitter might face penal action under IT Act

Source – The Hindu Syllabus- GS 3 – Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention Synopsis- Twitter unilaterally restored accounts despite government order for blocking. Background The Ministry of Electronics and IT ordered Twitter to block… Continue reading Twitter might face penal action under IT Act

Ways to control Monopolistic tendencies of Internet Giants

Synopsis- The lawmakers are facing the confusion between managing the misuse of monopoly power by major Internet corporations and the economic income generated by them. Introduction- In the US and Europe, governments are using antitrust regulations against Internet giants such as Facebook and Google. This is to stop the alleged abuse of the dominant position. Some… Continue reading Ways to control Monopolistic tendencies of Internet Giants

Stopping hate on TV is essential to prevent riots: SC

What is the news? The Supreme Court in a recent hearing has said that stopping hate on television is essential for law and order. What was the case? A batch of petitions alleged that certain sections of the media communalized the Tablighi Jamaat congregation. It linked the congregation to a spike in the spread of… Continue reading Stopping hate on TV is essential to prevent riots: SC

WhatsApp Privacy Policy Issue: Need for Personal Data Protection Law

Source: Indian Express GS-2: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and issues arising out of their Design and Implementation. Synopsis: Draft data protection law needs to be enacted in India to curb data privacy violations in India. What is the issue? Recently, WhatsApp updated its terms of service (ToS) and privacy policy… Continue reading WhatsApp Privacy Policy Issue: Need for Personal Data Protection Law