“Health infrastructure” has increased 45-fold during the pandemic: Centre

What is the News? The Government of India has informed the Supreme Court about the status of India’s Healthcare infrastructure to tackle the Covid-19 pandemic. India’s Healthcare Infrastructure Status: India’s Health Infrastructure has increased up to 45-fold to tackle the successive waves of the COVID-19 pandemic. The total cumulative vaccine coverage was 27.23 crore doses… Continue reading “Health infrastructure” has increased 45-fold during the pandemic: Centre

Vaccination policy of India – Issues & Suggestions

Synopsis: The vaccination policy of India should maintain a balance between the achievement of health goals and demands of supply constraints. Introduction  Vaccines are a proven shield against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. They have prevented serious illness and death. A study of data from the UK collected between December 1, 2020, and April 30, 2021, showed that… Continue reading Vaccination policy of India – Issues & Suggestions

PM launches crash-course program to train 1 lakh Covid-19 frontline workers

What is the news? Prime Minister has launched a “customized crash course programme for Covid-19 frontline workers”. About the Crash Course Programme for Covid-19 Frontline Workers Aim: The programme aims to create skilled non-medical healthcare workers to fill the present and future needs of manpower in the health sector. This will be done by providing… Continue reading PM launches crash-course program to train 1 lakh Covid-19 frontline workers

Role of disruptive technologies in improving the health sector

Synopsis: Application of future Digital technologies in the health sector can lead to accessible, affordable, and quality health care. Further, it can reduce human involvement in risky functions. Background Human involvement in diagnosis, treatment, and hospital care of infected patients puts them at greater risk of contracting the disease. For instance, many frontline warriors fighting… Continue reading Role of disruptive technologies in improving the health sector

Achievements of India’s Vaccination Drive

Synopsis: The COVID-19 vaccination drive demonstrates that India has become Atmanirbhar in vaccination campaigns of the future. Introduction: Recently, the Indian Prime Minister talked about the past vaccination campaigns in India. He mentioned that earlier India has to wait for decades to procure vaccines from foreign countries. As they need to complete their vaccination programs… Continue reading Achievements of India’s Vaccination Drive

Issues in Vaccine Procurement Policy

Synopsis: The recent decision of the Centre to solely procure the vaccines for the states has been welcomed by experts and healthcare professionals. However, retaining a 25% quota towards the private sector seems inappropriate and should be reconsidered.   Background: The union government has again taken the responsibility for procuring vaccines for the states under the… Continue reading Issues in Vaccine Procurement Policy

Need for Equity-focused Vaccination Plan in Vaccine Drive

Synopsis: To control the Covid-19 pandemic, India needs an equity-focused vaccination plan and a road map to provide equity and justice in vaccination. Introduction: According to WHO’s strategic advisory group of experts on immunisation, prioritizing socio-demographic groups is essential for universal vaccination. So, an equity-focused vaccination plan is essential for controlling the pandemic. What is… Continue reading Need for Equity-focused Vaccination Plan in Vaccine Drive

Single dose of vaccine can’t control Delta Variant: Global Study on vaccines

Synopsis: The data from clinical trials and post-vaccination study on vaccines shows that the Dominant delta variant of Covid-19 can’t be easily controlled by a single dose of vaccine. The countries must administer two doses of vaccine and should reduce the time gap between them. Background: The WHO has recently given a new classification to… Continue reading Single dose of vaccine can’t control Delta Variant: Global Study on vaccines

India’s response to shocks – 1962 war to COVID pandemic

Synopsis- The article distinguishes between the Center’s reaction to the current pandemic and its responses to shocks in Indian History. Three criteria to analyze Indian government’s response The team The science The organizational innovations put together List of previous shocks and the India’s response First, 1962’s Sino-India War- Response- Defence reform The new defence minister was… Continue reading India’s response to shocks – 1962 war to COVID pandemic

NITI Aayog launches “Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan”

What is the news? Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan’ has been launched by NITI Aayog and Piramal Foundation. About Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan: Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan has been launched in 112 aspirational districts. Aim: To assist district administrations in providing home-care support to COVID-19 patients who are asymptomatic or have mild symptoms.… Continue reading NITI Aayog launches “Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan”

Covid-19 vaccines are safe for “inflammatory bowel disease” patients: New research

What is the News? According to a study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, Pfizer or Moderna Covid-19 vaccines are safe for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases(IBD). They do not appear to have an increased risk of side effects from Covid vaccines. About the Research: Researchers evaluated the post-vaccination side effects in 246 adult… Continue reading Covid-19 vaccines are safe for “inflammatory bowel disease” patients: New research

“Aducanumab” approved by USFDA for “Alzheimer’s disease”

What is the News? “Aducanumab”, a new drug for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) How does Aducanumab drug work? Aducanumab is a monoclonal antibody drug that aims at altering the course of Alzheimer disease by slowing the deterioration of brain function. Monoclonal Antibodies are… Continue reading “Aducanumab” approved by USFDA for “Alzheimer’s disease”

How can India address its mental healthcare problem?

Synopsis: Evaluation of India’s state of mental health care and suggestions to improve them. Background Recent reports published in Lancet revealed that one in seven people in India had a mental disorder ranging from mild to severe in 2017. Mental illnesses include anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, mood disorders, substance use disorders, personality disorders and eating… Continue reading How can India address its mental healthcare problem?

Prudent Approach towards the Downward Trajectory of Second Wave

Synopsis: India has witnessed a decline in Covid-19 cases since the last month, thereby indicating a downward trajectory of the second wave. It presents an opportunity to effectively prepare for the upcoming third wave through universal vaccination and accommodative reforms. Background: The second wave of pandemic left a more brutal impact on India than the… Continue reading Prudent Approach towards the Downward Trajectory of Second Wave

Mitigating the third wave requires a focus on DOTS

Synopsis: India is witnessing a softening of the second wave. Nonetheless, the anticipation of the 3rd wave is quite high. Therefore, it is imperative for India to focus on reducing the reproduction number (R). This in turn calls for focusing on its determinants i.e. DOTS for Mitigating the third wave Background: India witnessed a brutal… Continue reading Mitigating the third wave requires a focus on DOTS

Global studies on “vulnerability of animals to Covid-19”

What is the news? A lion at Chennai’s Vandalur Zoo has died of suspected coronavirus infection. Similarly, a tiger died at Jharkhand’s Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park after suffering from fever. This sparked the debate regarding the study of the vulnerability of animals to Covid-19. Mechanism of Coronavirus Infection: The coronavirus initiates infection using the spike… Continue reading Global studies on “vulnerability of animals to Covid-19”

“Revised Vaccine Procurement Policy” allows central procurement of vaccines

What is the News? The government of India has announced a revised Vaccine Procurement Policy and also several relief measures to tackle the Covid-19 pandemic. About Revised Vaccine Procurement Policy: The Central Government will go back to a system of centralised procurement of vaccines against COVID-19. Under this, the central government will now buy 75%… Continue reading “Revised Vaccine Procurement Policy” allows central procurement of vaccines

How COVID -19 can be addressed via COVID-19 appropriate behaviour?

Synopsis- Adoption of COVID-19 appropriate behaviour is the best way to reduce transmission of the Covid-19 pandemic. Introduction- One of the key causes of COVID-19’s second wave in India has been the carelessness and reckless behaviour of few people. They have consistently violated Covid-19 guidelines of wearing masks and social distancing. According to KAP [knowledge,… Continue reading How COVID -19 can be addressed via COVID-19 appropriate behaviour?

How can India tackle the third wave of COVID?

Synopsis: To control the third wave, the decision-making on vaccines should be filled by a spirit of cooperative federalism and guided by scientists. Introduction  Vaccines have become the focus of pandemic policy. Effective vaccine policy over the next few months will require huge efforts to boost vaccine supply. Distribution of existing supplies, helped by science,… Continue reading How can India tackle the third wave of COVID?

Lab leak theory of Coronavirus needs credible investigation

Synopsis: The theory that Coronavirus could have been man-made from Wuhan Institute of Virology is increasing. So, adequate studies are necessary regarding the Lab leak theory of Coronavirus. Background When the Covid-19 became a pandemic, China promoted the narrative that the virus had a natural origin, and it got spread from a wet market in… Continue reading Lab leak theory of Coronavirus needs credible investigation

Tackling pandemic in Rural India – Explained, pointwise

Introduction The impact of the pandemic in Rural India is quite high, especially the second wave. The positivity rate is quite high due to which India has witnessed the loss of many human lives. The situation becomes even more concerning when one looks at the dismal state of rural health infrastructure that is devoid of… Continue reading Tackling pandemic in Rural India – Explained, pointwise

A study on “effectiveness of vaccines” found more anti-bodies from Covishield

What is the news? A study was conducted by the healthcare workers (HCW) in India to understand the effectiveness of vaccines in India. About the effectiveness of vaccines: The study involved 515 healthcare workers from 13 states and 22 cities, 305 male of whom were male. These healthcare workers have been administered either of the… Continue reading A study on “effectiveness of vaccines” found more anti-bodies from Covishield

What is the “Delta variant of Covid-19”?

What is the news? As per a study carried out by INSACOG (the consortium of labs undertaking genome sequencing in India), Delta variant of Covid-19 is the primary cause of the second Covid-19 wave gripping the country presently. What is the Delta Variant of Covid-19? The World Health Organization (WHO) has named B.1.617.1 variant as ‘Kappa‘… Continue reading What is the “Delta variant of Covid-19”?

“Corbevax Vaccine” and its difference from other Covid-19 vaccines

What is the News? India has placed an advance order to block 300 million doses of a new Covid-19 vaccine, Corbevax from Hyderabad-based company Biological E. About Corbevax Vaccine: Corbevax is a recombinant protein subunit vaccine. The vaccine is being indigenously produced by Biological E, Hyderabad-based Pharmaceutical company. Made up of: The Corbevax vaccine is… Continue reading “Corbevax Vaccine” and its difference from other Covid-19 vaccines

India needs to strengthen the rural health infrastructure

Synopsis: Rural health infrastructure (SHCs, PHCs and CHCs) needs to be Modernised to cater to the health needs of the 65% of the population living in rural areas Background According to info, out of 139 crore population of India, at least 91 crore people are living in 649,481 villages. The second wave of Covid-19 had… Continue reading India needs to strengthen the rural health infrastructure

“H10N3 strain of Bird Flu” – China reports first human case

What is the News? A man in China’s eastern province has been confirmed as the first human case of infection with the H10N3 strain of bird flu. About H10N3 strain of Bird Flu: H10N3 strain of bird flu is a subtype of the Influenza A virus which is commonly known as the bird flu virus.… Continue reading “H10N3 strain of Bird Flu” – China reports first human case

Lessons from Naomi Osaka Episode

Synopsis: The withdrawal of Naomi Osaka from the French Open has raised the issue of the mental well-being of the athletes. The situation exposes the deep pressure through which an athlete has to go for fulfilling its commercial obligations. Background: The world number 2 tennis player (Naomi Osaka) has withdrawn from the recent French Open… Continue reading Lessons from Naomi Osaka Episode

Naomi Osaka Episode and Mental health in India – Explained, pointwise

Introduction According to the World Health Organization (WHO) estimate, mental health illness makes about 15% of the total disease conditions around the world. Mental illness needs psychological, emotional, and social well-being initiatives to get a cure. If not treated properly, it might even lead to suicidal behaviour among the individual. Recently, Japanese Tennis player Naomi… Continue reading Naomi Osaka Episode and Mental health in India – Explained, pointwise

Need of Transparency in Covid related Policies

Synopsis: Government should ensure transparency in the policies related to the Covid-19 pandemic in India. Official privacy on pandemic policies intensifies a crisis. Introduction  The government created the National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration for COVID-19 (NEGVAC) in August 2020. It is a central agency to take decisions on all matters related to vaccine administration… Continue reading Need of Transparency in Covid related Policies

Twin challenge of COVID-19 Pandemic and Non-communicable diseases

Synopsis – There is a correlation between Non-Communicable Diseases [NCD] mortality rates and COVID-19 case fatalities. Government should focus on reducing the impact of Non-Communicable Diseases(NCD). Introduction- Studies showed that over 70 per cent of mortalities associated with COVID are due to underlying non-communicable diseases (NCD) like diabetes, cardiovascular ailments, and cancer. Prevention and control… Continue reading Twin challenge of COVID-19 Pandemic and Non-communicable diseases

Challenges of India’s COVID Diplomacy 2.0

Synopsis: India’s Covid Diplomacy 2.0 is focused on managing many challenges. The majority of these challenges arise due to Covid mismanagement. Read– Proactive Diplomacy  Background During the first wave of the pandemic, India’s Covid-19 diplomacy was focused on coordinating exports of COVID-19 medicines. Further, it focussed on the repatriation of Indians from abroad under ‘Vande… Continue reading Challenges of India’s COVID Diplomacy 2.0

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package Insurance Scheme for health workers fighting Covid-19

What is the News? The government of India has introduced a new system for quick clearance of claims under the “Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package(PMGKP) Insurance Scheme for health workers Fighting Covid-19”. What is the New System for Quick Clearance of Claims? Under the New System, the District Collector will be certifying that the insurance… Continue reading Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package Insurance Scheme for health workers fighting Covid-19

World Health Assembly Adopts New Resolution to End Malaria

What is the News? The 74th World Health Assembly(WHA) has adopted a new resolution to end malaria. It will accelerate efforts towards this aim. About the Resolution to End Malaria: The resolution is led by the United States of America and Zambia. The aim of the resolution is to urge the Member States to step up… Continue reading World Health Assembly Adopts New Resolution to End Malaria

“World No Tobacco Day” and “Tobacco Consumption” in India

What is the News? Every year, on 31st May, the World Health Organization (WHO) and global partners celebrate World No Tobacco Day (WNTD). This year, the WHO has honoured the health minister of India with the ‘WHO Director-General Special Recognition Award’ for his effort to control tobacco consumption in India. About World No Tobacco Day: World No Tobacco Day is an… Continue reading “World No Tobacco Day” and “Tobacco Consumption” in India

Supreme Court questions govt on its “Covid-19 vaccine policy”

What is the News? The Supreme Court questioned the Centre on Covid-19 vaccine policy. It has also said that there needs to be a single price for vaccines across the Nation. What was the case? The Supreme Court of India is hearing the suo moto case on Covid-19 issues (In Re-Distribution of Essential Services and… Continue reading Supreme Court questions govt on its “Covid-19 vaccine policy”

Jan 30 Declared World “Neglected Tropical Diseases” Day by WHA

What is the News? The 74th World Health Assembly has declared January 30 as ‘World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) Day. About World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) Day: The first World Neglected Tropical Diseases(NTD) Day was celebrated informally in 2020. UAE moved the proposal to recognize this day as ‘World NTD Day’ Significance: World NTD Day… Continue reading Jan 30 Declared World “Neglected Tropical Diseases” Day by WHA

Effects of Pandemic on Young Healthcare Workers

Synopsis: Need to give attention to the requirements of the most vulnerable members of the caregiving team i.e. young healthcare workers. Introduction  young medical interns, postgraduates, nurses, physiotherapists, pharmacists, etc are at the lowest steps in the hierarchy of training. It seems fair from an academic view and is according to any professional training path.… Continue reading Effects of Pandemic on Young Healthcare Workers

Resolving bottlenecks in procuring Pfizer’s vaccine

Synopsis – Pfizer has asked for certain conditions. They are in order to supply 5 million doses to India between July and October this year. Introduction According to reports, Pfizer is ready to supply five crore doses of the mRNA vaccines [developed with the German company BioNTech] between July and October. However, the company has… Continue reading Resolving bottlenecks in procuring Pfizer’s vaccine

Need for real-time data on public health

  Synopsis: Having access to epidemiological real-time data on public health will help us to fight against the pandemic better by making informed choices. Background The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of data to governments in decision-making. However, India lacks real-time data on public health and the provision of health services. This necessitates the… Continue reading Need for real-time data on public health

Role of AYUSH during pandemic and its challenges – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has emerged as a public health challenge. The burden of disease and mortality is steadily increasing in many parts of the country. Several social and economic factors are leading to devastating situations. Effective management to address this infection is still evolving and attempts are being made to integrate traditional interventions along… Continue reading Role of AYUSH during pandemic and its challenges – Explained, Pointwise

WHO report on “Origin of Covid-19”: India seeks more studies on virus

What is the News? India has welcomed the global study on the origin of Covid-19 convened by the World Health Organisation(WHO). However, India demanded initiating further studies in order to reach robust conclusions. WHO report on Origin of Covid-19: The report had listed “four pathways” or possible options that led to the Covid-19 pandemic: A… Continue reading WHO report on “Origin of Covid-19”: India seeks more studies on virus

“Ayush Clinical Case Repository (ACCR) portal” and “Ayush Sanjivani App”

What is the News? The Ministry of Ayush has launched two things. First, the Ayush Clinical Case Repository (ACCR) portal.  And second, the third version of the Ayush Sanjivani App. About Ayush Clinical Case Repository(ACCR): Firstly, the Ministry of Ayush has conceptualized and developed the Ayush Clinical Case Repository(ACCR) Portal. It is a platform to… Continue reading “Ayush Clinical Case Repository (ACCR) portal” and “Ayush Sanjivani App”

“Paediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome”

What is the News? According to a study by Lancet, the symptoms of a rare paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome(PIMS-TS) associated with SARS-CoV2 are resolved after six months. About Paediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome(PIMS-TS): PIMS-TS is also known as a multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). It is a rare condition associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection that was… Continue reading “Paediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome”

India’s Mucormycosis Threat

Synopsis: There is a high incidence of Mucormycosis in India. Government should urgently look for solutions to limit the incidence of the disease. Background The incidence of mucormycosis (a rare fungal infection) in patients who have been diagnosed and treated for COVID-19 is rising alarmingly in India. For instance, according to a study published in… Continue reading India’s Mucormycosis Threat

Preventive steps to avoid Mucormycosis or Black Fungus infections

What is the News? Doctors have advised several preventive steps to be taken by Covid-19 patients to prevent Mucormycosis. About Mucormycosis: Mucormycosis or Black Fungus is a rare fungal infection. A group of molds called mucormycetes is the reason behind it, which is abundant in the environment. These are present in the air, water and moist… Continue reading Preventive steps to avoid Mucormycosis or Black Fungus infections

First Case of “Yellow Fungus” detected in UP

What is the News? A COVID-19 patient in Ghaziabad has been diagnosed with a Yellow Fungus infection. About Yellow Fungus: Yellow Fungus, also goes by its second name, mucor septic. It is a fungal infection that medical experts say generally does not occur in humans but in reptiles. Causes: Poor Hygiene High levels of humidity… Continue reading First Case of “Yellow Fungus” detected in UP

EU leaders agree to donate 100 million doses of Covid-19 vaccines

What is the News? The European Union(EU) countries have gathered in Brussels, Belgium for a two-day summit. During the summit the EU leaders has agreed to donate 100 million doses of Covid-19 vaccines Key Highlights of the Summit: During the Summit: Firstly, the European Union leaders have committed to donate at least 100 million doses… Continue reading EU leaders agree to donate 100 million doses of Covid-19 vaccines

“One Health High-Level Expert Panel” – A WHO panel to investigate zoonotic diseases

What is the News? The World Health Organization(WHO) has formed a One Health High-Level Expert Panel. About One Health High-Level Expert Panel: Purpose: The panel has been formed to study the emergence and spread of zoonotic diseases. Such as H5N1, avian influenza, MERS, Ebola, Zika and possibly the novel coronavirus disease(COVID-19). Mandate of the Panel:… Continue reading “One Health High-Level Expert Panel” – A WHO panel to investigate zoonotic diseases

Issues in Present Policy of Vaccine Procurement

Synopsis: Analysis on issues associated with the Liberalised and Accelerated Phase 3 Strategy of COVID-19 Vaccination Background Many State governments have resorted to floating global tenders for COVID-19 vaccines due to Covid vaccine shortage in India. The Liberalised and Accelerated Phase 3 Strategy of COVID-19 Vaccination allows states to procure COVID-19 vaccines independently of the… Continue reading Issues in Present Policy of Vaccine Procurement

Challenges in Vaccine Procurement in India – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction According to the data from the Ministry of Health and Family welfare, so far, India has vaccinated only 417 million people (less than 3.1% of the population has received both doses). The population of India is 1.3 billion. If vaccines require two doses then India needs more than 2 billion doses across the nation.… Continue reading Challenges in Vaccine Procurement in India – Explained, Pointwise