“Jivan Vayu”- Nation’s first power-free CPAP device developed by IIT Ropar

What is the News? Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar has developed a device named ‘Jivan Vayu’. About Jivan Vayu: Jivan Vayu is a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure(CPAP) device. It can be used as a substitute for existing CPAP machines. Key Features of the Device: Firstly, It is India’s first CPAP device that functions even without… Continue reading “Jivan Vayu”- Nation’s first power-free CPAP device developed by IIT Ropar

What are “Overture supersonic aircraft” and what are its challenges?

What is the news? Plans to buy 15 new Overture supersonic Aircraft have been announced by US-based United Airlines. These aircrafts are planned to be open for passengers by 2029. What are Supersonic Flights? Supersonic aircraft are planes that can fly faster than the speed of sound. Usually, supersonic planes can travel at the speed… Continue reading What are “Overture supersonic aircraft” and what are its challenges?

ISRO develops 3 types of ventilators(PRENA, VaU, SVASTA) to battle Covid-19

What is the News? Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) has developed three types of ventilators(PRENA, VaU, SVASTA). These three ventilators have been developed at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre(VSSC), a major space research centre of ISRO in Kerala. Moreover, ISRO has said that it will transfer the technology of these ventilators to industry for clinical usage as… Continue reading ISRO develops 3 types of ventilators(PRENA, VaU, SVASTA) to battle Covid-19

“Anti-hail guns” and their application in preventing hail storm

What is the news? ‘Anti-hail guns’, developed indigenously, will be tested by the Himachal Pradesh government to help out horticulturists who face crop damage due to hailstorms. What are anti-hail guns? An anti-hail gun is a machine that generates shock waves to disrupt the growth of hailstones in clouds. Who has developed these anti-hail guns?… Continue reading “Anti-hail guns” and their application in preventing hail storm

What is “XraySetu” Service?

What is the News? The government has launched XraySetu service for rapid screening of COVID 19. with the help of Chest X-ray interpretation over WhatsApp for doctors who have access to X-ray machines. About XraySetu Service: XraySetu is an Artificial Intelligence(AI) driven Xray interpretation platform. Purpose: It has been developed to identify COVID-19 positive patients… Continue reading What is “XraySetu” Service?

“AmbiTAG”- India’s First Indigenous Temperature Data Logger

What is the News? Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar(IIT Ropar) in Punjab has developed a device named AmbiTag.  About AmbiTag: AmbiTag is the first-of-its-kind Internet of Things(IoT) device. The device will be helpful in following areas. They are: secure transportation of vaccines, blood and body organs, perishable products (food and dairy) among others. How does… Continue reading “AmbiTAG”- India’s First Indigenous Temperature Data Logger

High Mercury level Found in Rivers linked to Greenland’s Glacial Meltwaters

What is the News? According to a study published in Nature Geoscience, Greenland’s glacial meltwaters have unusually high levels of mercury. About the study: Researchers from the Florida State University have analyzed the meltwater rivers. These rivers receive substantial amounts of water from the Greenland ice sheet. The samples were filtered to remove any sediment… Continue reading High Mercury level Found in Rivers linked to Greenland’s Glacial Meltwaters

India starts importing “zeolite” for medical oxygen plants.

What is the News? National carrier Air India has begun the first of its “zeolite cargo flights”. This was done after the government of India started the process of importing zeolite from across the world for use in medical oxygen plants. Zeolites in Medical Oxygen Plants: Zeolites are used as adsorbent material in the Pressure… Continue reading India starts importing “zeolite” for medical oxygen plants.

Project MediCAB: Augmentation of Hospital Infrastructure

What is the News? IIT Madras supported start-up Modulus Housing has developed a portable hospital unit called ‘MediCAB’. About Project MediCAB: Project MediCAB is an initiative of the Office of principal scientific advisor and IIT Madras. Purpose: It is a portable hospital unit that has been developed to boost healthcare infrastructure by assisting states to set… Continue reading Project MediCAB: Augmentation of Hospital Infrastructure

How does an Oxygen concentrator help?

What is the News? Oxygen Concentrators have emerged as a sought after device as the demand for medical oxygen continues unabated and several states struggle to keep pace with the demand. What are Oxygen Concentrators? Oxygen Concentrator is a medical device that takes in air and separates the oxygen and delivers it into a person… Continue reading How does an Oxygen concentrator help?

“Global Electric Vehicles Outlook 2021” released by IEA

What is the News? International Energy Agency(IEA) has released a report titled “Global Electric Vehicle Outlook Report,2021”. The Global EV Outlook(GEVO) is an annual report published by IEA. The report looks at the latest EV trends. Apart from that, it also looks at the drivers for road transport sector electrification around the world. Key Findings… Continue reading “Global Electric Vehicles Outlook 2021” released by IEA

“Oldest water on Earth” helps in the quest for life on Mars

What is the News? According to scientists, the findings of the “Oldest Water on Earth” could provide information about the nature of water and life on Earth and the possibility of finding life on Mars. The Oldest Water on Earth: In 2009, Geologist Dr. Barbara Sherwood Lollar of the University of Toronto extracted water from… Continue reading “Oldest water on Earth” helps in the quest for life on Mars

“Deep Time Project”: Volunteers Leave Cave After 40 Days in Isolation

What is the News? The Deep Time project in France’s Lombrives Cave has come to an end. About Deep Time Project: The Deep Time Project was led by the scientists of the Human Adaptation Institute in partnership with labs in France and Switzerland. Aim: The project aimed to test how people adapt to changes in… Continue reading “Deep Time Project”: Volunteers Leave Cave After 40 Days in Isolation

CSIR-CMERI Indigenously Developed “Oxygen Enrichment Technology”

What is the News? CSIR-CMERI in association with MSME-DI has indigenously developed Oxygen Enrichment Technology. About Oxygen Enrichment Technology: It is a device that concentrates the oxygen from the air around us by selectively removing nitrogen to supply oxygen-enriched air. The concentrated Oxygen is delivered to the patients, having respiratory diseases, through an oxygen mask… Continue reading CSIR-CMERI Indigenously Developed “Oxygen Enrichment Technology”

“Oxygen Express” Trains – Railways Waive off Few Charges

What is the News? Indian Railways has decided to waive certain charges on ‘Oxygen Express’ trains. This decision is important due to the increase in demand for Liquid Oxygen from major hospitals across the country. Oxygen Express: Oxygen Express is a special train transporting liquid medical oxygen to states and Union Territories in cryogenic tankers.… Continue reading “Oxygen Express” Trains – Railways Waive off Few Charges

What are “Oxygen concentrators” and how are they different from Oxygen cylinders?

What is the News? Currently, Oxygen concentrators are in much demand for oxygen therapy. Demand is high especially among patients in home isolation and for hospitals running out of oxygen. About Oxygen Concentrators: Oxygen Concentrator is a medical device. It filters oxygen from the atmosphere and helps individuals inhale it through a mask or cannula.… Continue reading What are “Oxygen concentrators” and how are they different from Oxygen cylinders?

Green Hydrogen – The Fuel of the Future

Synopsis – Green hydrogen is becoming a new alternative to fossil fuel. Currently, many countries are taking steps to move towards a hydrogen economy. Introduction- Hydrogen is an energy carrier. It is converted into electricity by fuel cells, which generate electricity by mixing hydrogen and oxygen atoms. It will play an important role in delivering… Continue reading Green Hydrogen – The Fuel of the Future

What is “Dogecoin” cryptocurrency?

What is the News? Dogecoin’s value has risen phenomenally this week– adding around $19.9 billion in the last 24 hours and now valued at $34 billion. About Dogecoin: Dogecoin is a Cryptocurrency created in 2013 by software engineers Billy Markus and Jackson Palmer. It was created as a faster alternative to Bitcoin. Origin: The starting… Continue reading What is “Dogecoin” cryptocurrency?

DRDO Develops SpO2 Based “Supplemental Oxygen Delivery System”

What is the News?  The Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO) launches the SpO2 (Blood Oxygen Saturation) supplemental Oxygen Delivery System. It will be useful for soldiers in extreme high-altitude areas. About DRDO’s Supplemental Oxygen Delivery System: Purpose: The system delivers supplemental oxygen based on the SpO2 (Blood Oxygen Saturation) levels. Thus, it prevents the person… Continue reading DRDO Develops SpO2 Based “Supplemental Oxygen Delivery System”

The Issue of Medical Oxygen in India-Explained, Pointwise

Introduction A number of states are reporting shortage of medical oxygen after an increase in the number of Covid-19 patients. So, India is planning to import at least 50,000 metric tonnes of medical oxygen to cater to the rising demand. With the Covid-19 cases increasing day by day, the demand for medical oxygen is going… Continue reading The Issue of Medical Oxygen in India-Explained, Pointwise

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India to Import “Medical Oxygen” to cater demand

What is the News? A number of states are reporting shortages of medical oxygen for a growing number of Covid-19 patients. This is why, India is planning to import 50,000 metric tonnes of medical oxygen to cater to the rising demand. About Medical Oxygen: Medical oxygen is high purity oxygen suitable for use in the… Continue reading India to Import “Medical Oxygen” to cater demand

Electronic nose to detect “Hydrogen Sulphide” from Sewers

What is the News? Scientists from the Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences(CeNS), Bangalore have developed Electronic Nose to detect Hydrogen Sulphide from swamps and sewers. CeNS is an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology About Hydrogen Sulphide: Hydrogen Sulphide is the chemical compound with the formula H2S. It is a… Continue reading Electronic nose to detect “Hydrogen Sulphide” from Sewers

CSIR-CMERI develops “Oxygen Enrichment Unit”

What is the News? Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute(CMERI) develops an oxygen enrichment unit(OEU) that could provide crucial support to COVID-19 patients. CMERI is an apex R&D institute for mechanical engineering that functions under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR). It is located in West Bengal. What is the Oxygen Enrichment Unit(OEU)? An oxygen… Continue reading CSIR-CMERI develops “Oxygen Enrichment Unit”

INCOIS to go for bathymetric study of Andaman and Lakshadweep

What is the News? Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services(INCOIS) will conduct a bathymetric study of Andaman and Lakshadweep. INCOIS will take the help of the National Remote Sensing Centre(NRSC) for airline mapping of the ocean floor around islands. What is the need for this study? The study is needed in view of the… Continue reading INCOIS to go for bathymetric study of Andaman and Lakshadweep

What is “Einsteinium”?

What is the News? A team of scientists at the Berkeley Lab has reported some properties of the element “Einsteinium”. About Einsteinium Einsteinium, named after Albert Einstein is a synthetic element with the symbol Es and atomic number 99. It was discovered in 1952 in the debris of the first hydrogen bomb (the detonation of… Continue reading What is “Einsteinium”?

 DRDO hands over MotorBike Ambulance Rakshita to CRPF 

News: Defence Research and Development Organisation has handed over MotorBike Ambulance Rakshita to the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).   Facts:  Rakshita: It is a bike-based casualty transport emergency vehicle. It has been developed by the Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS),Delhi based DRDO laboratory.  Purpose: The bike ambulance will help in overcoming the problems faced by Indian security forces and emergency health… Continue reading  DRDO hands over MotorBike Ambulance Rakshita to CRPF 

INSPIRE Faculty produced heat-tolerant wheat varieties resulting in improved grain yield

News: Researchers of the INSPIRE Faculty under the Department of Science and Technology(DST) are studying to develop a variety of wheat that does not lose its productivity under heat stress. Facts: Wheat and Heat Stress: Wheat is affected severely by Heat stress as it causes a dramatic reduction in yield as well as quality of… Continue reading INSPIRE Faculty produced heat-tolerant wheat varieties resulting in improved grain yield

Scientists got clue to origin of fluctuations in active matter systems like fish schools

News: Scientists have found a clue to the dynamic origin of fluctuations in systems like fish schools, swarms of insects, flocking birds and bacterial colonies. These are called active matter systems. Facts: What are Active Matter Systems? It is composed of large numbers of self-driven components that extract energy from their surroundings to generate mechanical… Continue reading Scientists got clue to origin of fluctuations in active matter systems like fish schools

Technology Transfer Agreements signed to bring India’s first indigenous Flow Diverter Stent

News: Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST) has entered into Technology Transfer Agreements with Pune based Biorad Medisys for flow Diverter Stents. The cost of the Chitra Flow Diverter stent is expected to be priced significantly lower than the currently imported ones. Facts: What are Flow Diverter Stents? It is a… Continue reading Technology Transfer Agreements signed to bring India’s first indigenous Flow Diverter Stent

BARC Develops India’s First Ruthenium 106 Plaque For Effective Eye Cancer Treatment

News: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre(BARC) Mumbai has developed an Eye Cancer therapy. It was the first indigenous Ruthenium 106 Plaque for the treatment of Ocular Tumors. Facts: Ruthenium-106: It is a radioactive form of the rare heavy metal ruthenium. It is a “platinum group” metal similar to platinum. How is it produced? It is produced… Continue reading BARC Develops India’s First Ruthenium 106 Plaque For Effective Eye Cancer Treatment

Union Minister to launch “Khadi Prakritik Paint” developed by KVIC

News: Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways will be launching an innovative new called “Khadi Prakritik Paint”. Facts: Khadi Prakritik Paint: It has been conceptualized by the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) and later developed by Kumarappa National Handmade Paper Institute, Jaipur (a KVIC unit). Key Characteristics: It is a first-of-its-kind eco-friendly, non-toxic paint with… Continue reading Union Minister to launch “Khadi Prakritik Paint” developed by KVIC

Swasth Vayu Non-invasive Ventilator receives regulator nod

News: Swasth Vayu Ventilator has received the approval of the expert committee constituted by Director General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. Facts: Swasth Vayu: It is a ‘Made in India’ non-invasive (involves use of masks or similar device) ventilator developed by the National Aerospace Laboratories(NAL),Bengaluru. Key Features: It… Continue reading Swasth Vayu Non-invasive Ventilator receives regulator nod

PM launches India’s first driverless metro train in Delhi

Source: The Hindu News: The Prime Minister of India has flagged off the country’s first ‘driverless’ metro in Delhi. Facts: Delhi driverless Metro train: It will be rolled out on the 38-km Line 8 or Magenta Line of the Delhi Metro which has a 390-km-long network spread across the national capital and adjoining cities. Significance: After this inauguration,… Continue reading PM launches India’s first driverless metro train in Delhi

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What is 3D Printing?

Source: The Hindu News: L&T Construction has 3D printed a G+1 (Ground plus one) building for the first time in India at Kancheepuram, Chennai with indigenous concrete mixture.  Facts:  3D printing or additive manufacturing(AM) is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file.  What is the process of 3D Printing? The process starts… Continue reading What is 3D Printing?

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Indian Railways to use LIDAR Technique for ground survey

Source: Click here News: National High Speed Rail Corporation Limited is adopting Light Detection and Ranging Survey(LiDAR) technique for conducting ground survey for the proposed Delhi-Varanasi High Speed Rail(HSR) corridor. Facts: LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging): It is a remote sensing method that uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure ranges & variable distances.… Continue reading Indian Railways to use LIDAR Technique for ground survey

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What is Havana Syndrome?

Source: Click Here News: National Academies of Sciences(NAS) has found microwave radiation to be the cause for the “Havana syndrome”. Facts: Havana Syndrome: In 2016, US diplomats in Havana reported feeling ill after hearing strange sounds and experiencing odd physical sensations in their hotel rooms or homes.The symptoms included nausea, severe headaches, fatigue, dizziness, sleep problems, and hearing… Continue reading What is Havana Syndrome?

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China turns on ‘artificial sun’

Source: Click here News: China has successfully powered up its artificial sun nuclear fusion reactor named “HL-2M Tokamak reactor”. Facts: HL-2M Tokamak reactor: It is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device that can potentially unlock a powerful clean energy source. It uses a powerful magnetic field to fuse hot plasma and can reach… Continue reading China turns on ‘artificial sun’

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