Urgent call for better use of existing vaccines and development of new vaccines to tackle AMR

Source: The post is based on the article “Urgent call for better use of existing vaccines and development of new vaccines to tackle AMR” published in WHO on 13th July 2022 What is the News? The World Health Organization(WHO) has released the first-ever report on the pipeline of the vaccines currently developing to prevent infections… Continue reading Urgent call for better use of existing vaccines and development of new vaccines to tackle AMR

Global analysis of health care waste in the context of COVID-19

What is the news? The World Health Organisation(WHO) has released a report titled “Global analysis of health care waste in the context of COVID-19”. What is the purpose of the report? The report quantifies the additional COVID-19 healthcare waste generated, describes current healthcare waste management systems and solutions to reduce the impact of waste on… Continue reading Global analysis of health care waste in the context of COVID-19

World Health Assembly agrees for global treaty to ‘strengthen pandemic prevention’

What is the news? The World Health Assembly (WHA) took the historic decision to form a global treaty to “strengthen pandemic prevention, preparedness and response” in its recent session. The decision came at a time when the global COVID-19 situation has once again become wary with the detection of the Omicron variant last week, the… Continue reading World Health Assembly agrees for global treaty to ‘strengthen pandemic prevention’

WHO’s stark message on air quality — and what India must do

Synopsis: Air pollution is worsening in India. We need to raise our air quality standards in line with recently released WHO guidelines and ensure strict compliance while transitioning to a cleaner energy model. Introduction  In its recent air quality guidelines (AQGs), the WHO said that the impact of poor air quality on public health is at… Continue reading WHO’s stark message on air quality — and what India must do

New Evidence Led To WHO’s New Air Quality Standard

What is the news? The World Health Organization(WHO) released the Global Air Quality Guidelines(AQGs) recently. Why was a higher standard necessary? Since the last global update in 2005, there has been a marked increase in quality and quantity of evidence that shows how air pollution affects different aspects of human health. The evidence also shows… Continue reading New Evidence Led To WHO’s New Air Quality Standard

WHO says air pollution kills 7 million a year, toughens guidelines

What is the News? The World Health Organization(WHO) has released the Global Air Quality Guidelines(AQGs). What are Global Air Quality Guidelines(AQGs)? Global Air Quality Guidelines(AQGs) is an annual mean concentration guideline for particulate matter and other pollutants. The guidelines were last updated in 2005. Since then, there has been a marked increase of evidence that… Continue reading WHO says air pollution kills 7 million a year, toughens guidelines

All WHO-approved jabs must be recognised for travel: UN

Source: The Hindu Relevance: Vaccination is essential for global economic recovery. The World Health Organization recently said that any COVID-19 vaccine it has authorised for emergency use should be recognised by countries as they open up their borders to inoculated travelers. The move could force Western countries to broaden their acceptance of two apparently less… Continue reading All WHO-approved jabs must be recognised for travel: UN

WHO releases interim results from Solidarity Trial

News: The World Health Organization(WHO) has made available interim results from the Solidarity Therapeutics Trial.   Facts: What is Solidarity Trial: It was initiated by WHO and its partners in order to help find an effective treatment for Covid-19. Drugs Covered: It covers four repurposed drugs or drug combinations — remde sivir, hydroxychloroquine, lopinavir/ritonavir and… Continue reading WHO releases interim results from Solidarity Trial

GAVI vaccine alliance says 75 countries keen to join ‘COVAX’

News: India has expressed its keen interest in joining the COVAX alliance. Facts: COVAX Alliance: It is a facility that aims to guarantee rapid, fair and equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines for every country in the world. Bodies Involved: It is co-led by Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations(GAVI), Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations(CEPI) and… Continue reading GAVI vaccine alliance says 75 countries keen to join ‘COVAX’

WHO launches Covid-19 law lab for implementing legal frameworks to manage pandemic

News: The World Health Organization(WHO) has launched COVID-19 Law Lab initiative. Facts: COVID-19 Law Lab: It is a database of laws that countries have implemented in response to the pandemic.It includes state of emergency declarations, quarantine measures, disease surveillance, legal measures relating to mask-wearing, social distancing and access to medication and vaccines.  Purpose: This database… Continue reading WHO launches Covid-19 law lab for implementing legal frameworks to manage pandemic

Maldives, Sri Lanka eliminate measles and rubella, ahead of 2023 target

News: Maldives and Sri Lanka have become the first two countries in the World Health Organisation’s South-East Asian Region (WHO SEAR) to have eliminated both measles and rubella ahead of the 2023 deadline. Facts: Criteria: A country is verified as having eliminated measles and rubella when there is no evidence of endemic transmission of the… Continue reading Maldives, Sri Lanka eliminate measles and rubella, ahead of 2023 target

COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund

Facts: The COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund was established by the World Health Organization(WHO) with the help of the United Nations Foundation and the Swiss Philanthropy Foundation. Aim: To raise money from a wide range of donors to support the work of the World Health Organization(WHO) and partners to help countries respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.… Continue reading COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund

WHO, 37 nations launch alliance to share tools to tackle Covid-19 pandemic

News: World Health Organization(WHO), 37 countries and multiple international partners and institutions have launched COVID-19 Technology Access Pool (C-TAP) initiative. Facts: Aim: To make vaccines, tests, treatments and other health technologies to fight COVID-19 accessible to all. Under this, WHO and partner countries have issued a Solidarity Call to Action to the global community to… Continue reading WHO, 37 nations launch alliance to share tools to tackle Covid-19 pandemic

Dr Harsh Vardhan to take charge as WHO Executive Board chairman: what this means for India

News:Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan is set to take charge as the chairman of the WHO Executive Board at its 147th session. Facts: The World Health Organization(WHO) is governed by two decision making bodies — the World Health Assembly and the Executive Board. Composition: The Executive Board is composed of 34 members technically qualified… Continue reading Dr Harsh Vardhan to take charge as WHO Executive Board chairman: what this means for India

Explained: When does a disease become endemic?

News: The World Health Organisation(WHO) has said that novel coronavirus could become endemic to the world. Facts: Endemic: It refers to the constant presence and/or usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in a population within a geographic area. Example:Malaria and Chickenpox are endemic diseases where there are a predictable number of cases every… Continue reading Explained: When does a disease become endemic?

UN agencies commemorate 40th anniversary of smallpox eradication with a stamp

News:The World Health Organisation(WHO) and the UN’’s postal agency have released a commemorative postage stamp on the 40th anniversary of the eradication of smallpox. Facts: Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by the variola virus, a member of the orthopoxvirus family.  The last known natural case was in Somalia in 1977.It was declared eradicated… Continue reading UN agencies commemorate 40th anniversary of smallpox eradication with a stamp

Explained: WHO raises global risk of coronavirus to ‘very high’, what does this mean

News:The World Health Organization has increased the assessment of the risk of spread and risk of the impact of the coronavirus from high to very high at the global level. Facts: About WHO Assessment: The World Health Organization(WHO) has prepared a manual to guide the rapid risk assessment of acute public health risks. The manual… Continue reading Explained: WHO raises global risk of coronavirus to ‘very high’, what does this mean

10% Indians to develop cancer, 1 in 15 will die of disease:WHO

News:The World Health Organization(WHO) has released a report on World Cancer Day. Facts: About the report: The report aims to set the global agenda on cancer, mobilise stakeholders and help countries set priorities for investing in cancer control and universal health coverage. Report on India: One in 10 Indians will develop cancer during their lifetime… Continue reading 10% Indians to develop cancer, 1 in 15 will die of disease:WHO

WHO releases Global Health Challenges for 2020

News:The World Health Organization(WHO) has released a list of 13 urgent global health challenges for 2020. Facts: About the 13 challenges: Climate Crisis Delivering Health in Conflict and Crisis Healthcare  Equality Expanding Access to Medicines Infectious Diseases Preparing for Epidemics Dangerous Products like unsafe food, and unhealthy diets Investing in People Who Defend Our Health… Continue reading WHO releases Global Health Challenges for 2020

WHO launches first biosimilar medicine to treat Breast Cancer

News:The World Health Organization(WHO) has launched its first biosimilar medicine to treat breast cancer named Trastuzumab. Facts: About Trastuzumab: Trastuzumab drug was included in the WHO Essential Medicines List in 2015 as an essential treatment for about 20% of breast cancers.  It has shown high efficacy in curing early stage breast cancer and in some… Continue reading WHO launches first biosimilar medicine to treat Breast Cancer

Explained: A suicide every 40 seconds, taking stock of global trends

News:The World Health Organization(WHO) has released a study which shows that suicides account for one death every 40 seconds. Facts: Key findings of the study: The study has shown that close to 8 lakh people die due to suicide every year.In other words,suicides account for one death every 40 seconds. The global age-standardized suicide rate… Continue reading Explained: A suicide every 40 seconds, taking stock of global trends

72nd Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia

Recently,India has hosted the 72nd Session of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Regional Committee for South-East Asia. Addressing the session,Union Health minister has said that India’s disease burden is shifting from communicable to non-communicable diseases which means diet-related diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and obesity are rising rapidly. He said that the government has taken… Continue reading 72nd Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia

Microplastics in drinking water not a health risk for now: WHO

The World Health Organization(WHO) has released its first report into the effects of microplastics on human health. In this report,WHO looked into the specific impact of microplastics in tap and bottled water. The report said that the level of microplastics in drinking water is not yet a health risk for humans. It said that microplastics… Continue reading Microplastics in drinking water not a health risk for now: WHO

WHO will release its first report on microplastics in drinking water

The World Health Organization(WHO) will be releasing it’s report on the presence of microplastics in drinking water. The report will examine the potential human health risks associated with exposure to microplastics in the environment. Microplastics are plastics which are less than five mm in diameter in size. They enter the environment either as primary industrial… Continue reading WHO will release its first report on microplastics in drinking water

Explained: What is a notifiable disease?

Recently,South Delhi Municipal Corporation(SDMC) has initiated the process to notify malaria as notifiable disease. A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities.  This will allow authorities to gather information to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks.  The process will also help the… Continue reading Explained: What is a notifiable disease?

UP, Delhi and Rajasthan among worst performers in breastfeeding

According to Union Health Ministry,Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Punjab performed worst in the practice of breastfeeding. The report notes that these states have the lowest rate for breastfeeding within one hour of birth, exclusive breastfeeding for six months and complementary breastfeeding from six to nine months. Further,the States that have topped the report… Continue reading UP, Delhi and Rajasthan among worst performers in breastfeeding

WHO says Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal & Thailand achieve Hepatitis B control

According to World Health Organization(WHO) report on World Hepatitis Day on July 28,it has found that viral hepatitis kills 4 lakh people every year. The report has said that investing $6bn per year in eliminating hepatitis in 67 low and middle-income countries would avert 4.5 million premature deaths by 2030. The report has also said… Continue reading WHO says Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal & Thailand achieve Hepatitis B control

WHO recommends use of innovative HIV drug

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has recommended the use of the HIV drug dolutegravir(DTG) as the preferred first-line and second-line treatment for all populations. This drug can also be used for patients including pregnant women and those of childbearing potential. Dolutegravir(DTG) which is sold under the brand name Tivicay is an antiretroviral medication used together… Continue reading WHO recommends use of innovative HIV drug

Ebola vaccine tested during epidemic saves lives in Congo

The World Health Organization(WHO) has suggested that Merck’s vaccine (VSV-EBOV) used during the current outbreaks in Congo was 97.5% efficacious in preventing Ebola infection. Recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus–Zaire Ebola virus (VSV-EBOV) is an experimental vaccine for protection against Ebola virus disease. When VSV-EBOV is injected,the vaccinated individuals generates antibodies against EBOV protein,thereby gaining immunity. The… Continue reading Ebola vaccine tested during epidemic saves lives in Congo

20 million children worldwide missed out on life-saving vaccines last year

According to data by the WHO and UNICEF,One in 10 children which is almost 20 million globally has missed out on life saving vaccines in 2018. The report also showed that an additional 1.5 million deaths could be avoided if global immunisation coverage improved. The main factors which are hindering the spread of vaccination worldwide… Continue reading 20 million children worldwide missed out on life-saving vaccines last year

WHO launches tool for safer use of antibiotics, curb resistance

The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a global campaign that urges countries to adopt its new online tool known as ‘AWaRe’. The tool is aimed at guiding policy-makers and health workers to use antibiotics safely and more effectively.It’s another objective is to limit drugs that are at risk of resistance. The tool ‘AWaRe’ classifies… Continue reading WHO launches tool for safer use of antibiotics, curb resistance

‘1 mn new cases of STIs detected daily globally’

According to World Health Organization’s report,more than 1 million new cases of curable sexually transmitted infections(STIs) are detected in people aged 15-49 years every day. This amounts to more than 376 million new cases annually of four infections namely (a)chlamydia (b)gonorrhoea (c)trichomoniasis and (d)syphilis. On average,approximately 1 in 25 people globally have at least one… Continue reading ‘1 mn new cases of STIs detected daily globally’

Food safety is everyone’s business: WHO

The first-ever World Food Safety Day adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 2018 will be celebrated on 7 June,2019 under the theme “Food Safety, everyone’s business”. According to World Health Organisation (WHO),an estimated 600 million cases of food-borne diseases occur annually around the world.This translates into one in 10 people falling ill… Continue reading Food safety is everyone’s business: WHO

WHO unveils plan to tackle snakebite

The World Health Organization(WHO) has launched its global strategy for prevention and control of snakebite envenoming. WHO Global Strategy targets 50% reduction in mortality and disability caused by snakebite envenoming by 2030. This target will be achieved through (a)ensuring access to treatment such as anti-venoms and ancillary medical care by increasing the number of manufacturers… Continue reading WHO unveils plan to tackle snakebite

Pakistan suspends polio drive after security threats to workers

The Pakistan government has suspended the anti-polio drive and Lot Quality Assurance Sampling(LQAS) after the increased number of attacks against polio workers in different parts of the country. The countrywide campaign to administer anti-polio drops to 39 million children under five years of age was launched after which the evaluation of the drive was to… Continue reading Pakistan suspends polio drive after security threats to workers

Many essential drugs priced much higher than manufacturing cost: WHO

According to World Health Organisation (WHO),around 40% of the essential medicines in India are priced significantly higher than estimated production costs.This shows the amount of profiteering done by pharmaceutical companies and the scope for lowering the prices of drugs. The drugs used for cancer,hepatitis C and off patent drugs which are in the market for… Continue reading Many essential drugs priced much higher than manufacturing cost: WHO