What is the News?
The tenure of the Commission to examine the Sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes(OBCs) is extended. The commission now has until July 31 to submit its report. The commission is headed by Justice G Rohini.
What is Sub-Categorisation of OBCs?
- Reservation among OBCs: OBCs are granted 27% reservation in jobs and education under the central government. However, only a few affluent communities of OBCs secure a major part of quota.
- Sub-categorisation of the OBCs means the creation of categories within OBCs for reservation. This will ensure equitable distribution of representation among all OBC communities.
Commission to examine Sub-Categorisation:
The Commission to Examine Sub-categorisation of OBCs was appointed in 2017. It is headed by Justice G Rohini. The terms of reference of the commission include:
- To examine the extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation among the castes or communities of OBCs.
- To frame the criteria and parameters in a scientific approach for sub-categorization within such OBCs;
- To audit the various entries in the Central List of OBCs and recommend corrections.
What are the commission’s findings so far?
- In 2018, the Commission analyzed the data of 1.3 lakh central jobs given under OBC quota over the preceding five years.
- Findings: The key findings were:
- 97% of all jobs and educational seats have gone to just 25% of all sub-castes classified as OBCs;
- 95% of jobs and seats have gone to just 10 OBC communities;
- 983 OBC communities — 37% of the total — have zero representation in jobs and educational institutions;
- 994 OBC sub-castes have a total representation of only 2.68% in recruitment and admissions.
Source: Indian Express