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The Ministry of Culture has said that the Chalcolithic cultures of Central India are adequately investigated and studied. Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) has carried out excavations at two prominent sites of Chalcolithic affiliations in Central India in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
Which are those two Chalcolithic sites in Central India where ASI carried out excavations?
Excavation at Eran during 2020-21
Eran (ancient Airikina) is located in Madhya Pradesh. It is situated on the left bank of the Bina (ancient Venva) river and surrounded by it on three sides.
The recent excavation at this site has unearthed a variety of antiquities including a copper coin, an iron arrowhead, terracotta bead, animal figurines, copper coins among others. The occurrence of few specimens of plain, thin grey ware is noteworthy. The use of iron was evidenced by a few metallic objects at the site.
The excavation at this site also revealed the remains of Chalcolithic culture with four major periods.
Excavation at Tewar during 2020-21
Tewar (Tripuri) village is located in Madhya Pradesh. It is located 12 km west of Jabalpur district on Jabalpur – Bhopal highway.
ASI conducted an excavation of Tewar at two locations. The excavation revealed four folds of cultural sequences i.e. Kushana, Shunga, Satavahana, and Kalachuri.
Several antiquities were also unearthed including remains of sculptures, terracotta balls, iron nails, copper coins, terracotta beads, implements of Iron and terracotta figurine, black ware, red slipped ware etc. The structural remains consisting of brick walls and the structure of sandstone columns were also found.
Source: This post is based on the article “The Chalcolithic cultures of Central India are adequately investigated and studied: Shri G.Kishan Reddy” published in PIB on 16th Dec 2021.