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Source– The post is based on the article “The climate crisis and the urgent need for global cooperation” published in The Indian Express on 27th October 2022.
Syllabus: GS3- Environment
News- The article explains steps taken by the EU to fight climate change. It also suggests solutions to fight climate change.
Global warming is fast approaching the 1.5 degrees level.
It is causing degraded ecosystems, disappearing forests, collapsing glaciers, heatwaves and floods.
What are the actions taken by the EU to fight climate change?
It has set the goal of cutting emissions by at least 55% by 2030 and reaching climate neutrality by 2050.
It is ensuring affordable and clean energy through green deal.
The EU had to postpone some of the decommissioning of coal-fired power plants as a temporary emergency measure due to the Ukraine crisis. But climate commitments for 2030 and 2050 are not endangered.
The EU continues to be the world’s biggest donor of climate finance. It is providing almost $28 billion in 2020.
What should be the way forward to tackle climate change?
We have to change the paradigm of our economic models.
At the COP27 climate conference in November 2022, the international community and each country individually must set out what it has done and intends to do to limit the increase of global temperature to 1.5 degrees.
There is a need for global cooperation. We have to accelerate mitigation measures. Mitigation and adaptation must go hand in hand. Success must be demonstrated through actual and effective implementation.
How India and EU are cooperating to tackle climate change?
The EU and its Member States are working together with India on energy efficiency, renewable energy, smart grids and storage, green hydrogen, e-mobility and decarbonisation.
The EU has also strengthened its engagement with the India-based International Solar Alliance and the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure