The first “Inter-State Tiger Relocation Project” Suspended

What is the News?

The first inter-state tiger relocation project has been suspended.

About the First Tiger Relocation Project:
  •  The National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA) launched the first Tiger Relocation Project in 2018.
  • Under the Project, two tigers a male (Mahavir) from Kanha Tiger Reserve and a female (Sundari) from Bandhavgarh from MP, were relocated to Satkosia Tiger Reserve in Odisha.

Why Relocation of Tigers? The relocation serves two purposes:

  1. To reduce the tiger population in areas with excess tigers to majorly reduce territorial disputes
  2. To reintroduce tigers in areas where the population has considerably reduced due to various reasons.
About Satkosia Tiger Reserve, and why was it chosen for Relocation?
  • Satkosia Tiger Reserve comprises two adjoining sanctuaries of central Odisha named Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary and Baisipalli Sanctuary.
  • The reserve lies in a transitional zone extending between the Chhota Nagpur Plateau and the Deccan Plateau.
  • Satkosia was declared as a Tiger Reserve in 2007. It had a population of 12 tigers then. However, the numbers reduced to two in 2018.
  • Hence, the purpose of the relocation was to repopulate tigers in the reserve areas. Also, Satkosia was found to fall under reserves where there is a potential for increasing tiger populations.

Why has then the Tiger Relocation Project suspended? The project got suspended due to the following reasons:

  • Protests by villagers living on the sidelines of the forest as they felt that their lives and livestocks were endangered.
  • Lack of confidence and trust-building between the forest department and the villagers.
  • One of the tigers, Mahavir was found dead and a field inspection report claimed poaching as the cause of death.
  • Further, the tigress Sundari was blamed for the death of a woman and another person. Hence, the tigress Sundari was then tranquilized and was shifted.
  • Following this, the National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA) suspended the first tiger relocation project.

Source: Indian Express


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