Source: The post is based on an article “The foundation of tribal uplift policies is education: Union minister of tribal affairs writes on the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas” published in The Times of India on 15th November 2022.
Syllabus: GS 2- Social Justice
Relevance: tribals conditions in India
News: The Government has declared to celebrate the birth anniversary of Bhagwan Birsa Munda as Janjatiya Gaurav Divas on 15th November every year.
This decision will help in strengthening the tribal legacy, heritage, culture and achievements of India.
What is the present situation of tribals in India?
India is home to about 25% of the world’s ethnic population, making it a country with a diversified cultural heritage and a large number of youthful tribal people.
These tribes are utilising the opportunity in the field of education, sports and they are also winning Padma Awards along with international recognition.
Further, the appointment of the nation’s first tribal President (President Droupadi Murmu) shows that there is huge potential for the nation’s Scheduled Tribes.
The government is also committed and adopted a people-centric approach towards the betterment of the tribal people in India.
The PM’s call for Reform, Perform, Transform has served as the guiding principle to ensure the last-mile distribution of benefits and to improve the nation’s overall development.
The most important tool for development is holistic education as advocated by our PM.
Why is education necessary and what are ways adopted by the government for the betterment of tribals?
Education is necessary to bring transformation in the tribals, in bringing reforms and in having a successful future.
Education is necessary in tribals especially in young girls as left-wing extremism has made it challenging to establish educational infrastructure in the affected areas.
Further, the goal of the government is to address these problems at the block level, provide tribal students with quality education through Eklavya Model Residential Schools and to take advantage of the scholarship programmes.
The tribal development programmes focus on empowering tribal people digitally and upskilling them to produce and sell their manufactured goods. NGOs and other organisations are also taking efforts in the advancement of the tribal people.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs under the Vision for India@2047 has prioritised sustainable livelihoods, income generation, education, health and the promotion of varied ethnic cultures of tribal people. This has helped tribals to get integrated in the society. This ministry is also attempting to preserve several tribal languages.