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Source: The post is based on the article “The grammar of VIP security” published in The Hindu on 11th August 2022.
What is the News?
There are huge similarities between the assassinations of Former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe and Rajiv Gandhi such as both were killed during an election campaign.
However, if enough checks are carried out before the arrival of the VIP and access control is ensured after, assassinations are largely preventable.
In this context, let us understand a few basic principles of VIP security which is also called the grammar of VIP security.
What is the Grammar of VIP Security?
It can be subsumed under two broad principles:
Anti-sabotage: The checks are done before the arrival of the protectee and are intended to ensure the sterility of the place. This principle is strictly adhered to at the protector’s place of stay and at the place of function.
Access control: It is a process put in place after the protectee’s arrival. Access control ensures that no unidentified, unchecked or unauthorized person is allowed within the vicinity of the protected. By unidentified, it means that no person should be permitted to be within the proximity of the protectee unless they are known and their antecedents screened.
What are the other details that need to be followed?
First, security forces need to be sensitized before every visit as every visit is unique. As the protectees frequently visit capitals and pilgrimage spots, security forces tend to become complacent.
Second, every visit is dynamic, even if it is to a secure place and a regularly visited one such as a Raj Bhavan.
Third, security arrangements are like a chain and a chain is as strong as its weakest link.
Fourth, security considerations are more important than the elegance of the place of function or stay or approach path of the VIP. If the security principles are consolidated into a science, attacks and assassinations are largely preventable.