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The Himalayan brown bear

News: The Zoological Survey of India has released a study titled ‘Adaptive spatial planning of protected area network for conserving the Himalayan brown bear’. 

  About the Species: It is one of the largest carnivores in the highlands of the Himalayas. 

Conservation Status: 

  • IUCN: Critically Endangered 
  • CITES: Appendix I 
  • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I 

Habitat: It occupies the higher reaches of the Himalayas in remote, mountainous areas of Pakistan and India, in small and isolated populations and is extremely rare in many of its ranges. 

Characteristics:  

  • Features: They are the largest animals in the Himalayas and are usually sandy or reddish-brown in colour. 
  • Food Habits: Himalayan brown bears are omnivores and will eat grasses, roots and other plants as well as insects and small mammals; they also like fruits and berries. They will also prey on large mammals, including sheep and goats. 

 

Threats:  

  • Habitat loss 
  • Killing by livestock herders 
  • Poaching for fur and for the illegal body parts trade 
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