The new India-US dynamic

Source: This post is based on the article “The new India-US dynamic”, published in Business Standard, on 13th Sep 2023.

Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2 – International Relations –

News: India’s successful role in the recent G20 summit highlights improved India-US relations and growing geopolitical importance.

What have been the important development in India US relations?

Geopolitical Stakes: The US and its G7 allies have softened their stance on issues like the Ukraine war, signaling a greater investment in India. This is seen as a counter to China’s aggressive diplomacy.

High-Level Engagements: PM Narendra Modi’s state visit to the US and bilateral meetings with President Joe Biden have led to joint statements, indicating intensified engagement.

UN Security Council: Biden has reiterated support for India’s long-standing demand for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council, continuing a commitment first made by President Obama.

Defense Ties: Agreements between General Electric and Hindustan Aeronautics for light combat aircraft engines signify closer defense relations. Placement of liaison officers in military organizations is another step forward.

Economic Relations: Both countries have resolved trade disputes and are working towards better economic ties. India has removed duties on certain US imports, and the US has exempted some Indian steel and aluminium exports from tariffs.

What should be done?

While the relationship is improving, India faces the challenge of balancing its ties with the US and its complex relations with neighboring China, which has territorial ambitions on India’s borders.

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