The significance of the Indo-Pacific for India

News: USA recently released its policy document on Indo-Pacific.

What does the recent USA document say about India?

The USA seeks free and open, connected, prosperous, secure, and resilient in Indo-Pacific. It says that it cannot accomplish it alone and needs the cooperation of other countries that share a similar vision.

USA seeks to work with India through regional groupings to promote stability in South Asia; collaborate in new domains like health, space, cyberspace, and deepen economic and technology cooperation.

How USA strategy is different from the past?

Earlier, USA worked bilaterally and through military alliances. Now the USA is encouraging allies and partners to strengthen their ties with one another. The USA is ready for more networked regional architecture.

How has Indian diplomacy changed?

India is working through two important pillars.

First, strengthening regional and bilateral relations through political interactions, regional groupings like ASEAN.

Second, renewed military diplomacy by encouraging military sales like the sale of the three missile batteries to the Philippines.

Read here: India’s new policy of proactive diplomacy
How does India need to shape its regional diplomacy further?

India’s decision to walk out of RCEP and emphasis on Atma Nirbhar Bharat raise doubts about a return to the protectionist regime. It needs to liberalize trade relations with strategic partners like Australia.

India has intensified trade talks with the UAE, Israel, and UK. But it needs to focus more on ties to the USA and EU.

In terms of military diplomacy, India needs to strengthen its domestic military production and technological base.

Read here: The sail that Indian diplomacy, statecraft need

Source: This post is based on the article “The significance of the Indo-Pacific for India” published in the Indian Express on 15th February 2022.

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