Synopsis: Present agriculture reforms have not considered the ground level issues faced on the regional level and vertical level. Introduction New farmers laws Recently, the current government has opened up the output market with the purpose to let market forces improve effectiveness and create more value for farmers and the economy. New farm laws state that… Continue reading Issue of single law for different regions of agriculture
Synopsis: Absence of Madi system in Kerala has not impacted the farmer’s welfare in the state. Background: Thousands of farmers have assembled to protest against the 3 farm bills and have established a new way of life at Singhu, Tikri, Ghazipur, Noida and Shahjahanpur borders. Farmers have made all necessary arrangements for food, shelter, clothing, and sanitation. They… Continue reading Farmer welfare in Kerala, in the absence of Mandi system
Synopsis – the present market structure is not favorable for marginal farmers, the government should use the model of Farmers Producers Organisations (FPOs) for assisting farmers. Background A set of three laws passed in September aims to deregulate India’s enormous agriculture sector aimed at “liberating” farmers from the tyranny of middlemen. But many farmers fear that they… Continue reading Reforming Agriculture sector through FPOs
Synopsis: Recent controversy on recent farm laws highlights the importance of following parliamentary procedure not just in letter but in spirit as well. Introduction There are many benefits attached to the new farm laws for farmers and economy as well, still farm bills are facing heavy opposition. This situation could have been avoided by using… Continue reading Farm laws and Importance of parliamentary process in India
Context: Farm laws enacted by government will protect farmers’ interest only by providing them more option to sell their produce and enter into agreements with corporate buyers. Apprehensions are misplaced. Why there is need for reforms? The mandi trader role in APMC mandis reduces the net received by the farmer to below MSP due to… Continue reading How farm laws are Protecting Farmer’s interest?
Context: Need to extend MSP for other crops to promote crop diversification. How India achieved self-sufficiency in food grain production mainly in wheat and rice? Ship-to-mouth situation in India: In the early 1960s, near-famine conditions prevailed in India and some 10 million tonnes of wheat had to be imported from the US under the PL480 programme. Green… Continue reading MSP for other crops
Context- The economic calculus needs to shifts from ‘economies of scale with standardization’ to ‘economies of scope for sustainability’. How farm productivity can be increased and what are the consequences of this? The agriculture sector contributes 17 per cent of India’s GDP. As per estimate, about 57 per cent of the working population is engaged in… Continue reading Farmer’s protest in India
News: The Supreme Court has said that farmers have a constitutional right to continue with their “absolutely perfect” protest as long as their dissent against the three controversial agricultural laws did not slip into violence. Facts: Background: This ruling came by the Supreme Court during the hearing of a batch of petitions seeking removal of protesting farmers… Continue reading Farmers have constitutional right to continue with protest: SC
Syllabus: GS-2- Development issues Source: – Click Here Context: Although the issue of MSP system has been brought into the limelight by protest of farmers, but very little attention has been paid to the impacts of farm bills on the landless and agricultural laborers. Present data of landless laborers and tenant farmers About 60 per… Continue reading What are the negative impacts of farm laws on landless labourers and small tenant farmers?
Context: The next Green Revolution 2.0 will come through in-depth research, better investment opportunities and access to the market. What led to the green revolution? Scarcity of grain: After the China war, when India was standing at the cusp of economic destruction, Pakistan attacked India. There was an acute scarcity of food grains in the… Continue reading Green revolution 2.0 and new farm laws