Transplantation of Human Organs & Tissues Act (THOTA), 1994 provides for regulation of removal, storage and transplantation of human organs & tissues for therapeutic purposes

Source: The post is based on the articleTransplantation of Human Organs & Tissues Act (THOTA), 1994 provides for regulation of removal, storage and transplantation of human organs & tissues for therapeutic purposes published in PIB on 19th July 2022.

What is the News?

The Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare has informed Rajya Sabha about the Transplantation of Human Organs & Tissues Act (THOTA),1994 and the National Organ Transplant Program(NOTP).

What is the Transplantation of Human Organs & Tissues Act (THOTA),1994?

The Act provides for the regulation of removal, storage and transplantation of human organs & tissues for therapeutic purposes and for the prevention of commercial dealings in human organs & tissues. 

It contains detailed provisions relating to the authority for removal of human organs, preservation of human organs, regulation of hospitals conducting the removal, storage or transplantation of human organs, registration of hospitals and punishment/penalties for offences relating to aforesaid matters.

Amendment to this Act: The Government of India enacted the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act, 2011 which allows the swapping of organs and widens the donor pool by including grandparents and grandchildren in the list.

Note: The subject of artificial organs is not regulated under this Act.

What is the National Organ Transplant Program(NOTP)?

Click Here to read about this program

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