Typhoon Goni: Asia’s most powerful tropical storm of 2020?

News: Typhoon Goni has made landfall in the eastern Philippines.

Facts:

  • Typhoon Goni: It is a tropical cyclone that recently made landfall as an extremely powerful Category 5–equivalent super typhoon in the Philippines.

Additional Facts:

  • Tropical Cyclone: They are violent storms that originate over oceans in tropical areas and move over to the coastal areas bringing about large-scale destruction caused by violent winds, very heavy rainfall, and storm surges.
  • Wind Direction: The winds blow counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • Different Names: Tropical Cyclones are known by different names in different regions:
    • Cyclones in the Indian Ocean
    • Hurricanes in Atlantic
    • Typhoons in the Western Pacific in the South China Sea
    • Willy-Willies in Western Australia.
  • Conditions: The conditions favorable for the formation and intensification of tropical cyclones are:
    • Large sea surface with a temperature higher than 27° C;
    • Presence of the Coriolis force;
    • Small variations in the vertical wind speed;
    • A pre-existing weak- low-pressure area or low-level-cyclonic circulation and
    • Upper divergence above the sea level system.
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