The Ujjawala scheme is the Comprehensive Scheme
for Prevention of Trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-integration of
Victims of Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation.
The scheme is run by Ministry of Women and Child
Development. It was launched in 2007.
The scheme aims at preventing trafficking of
women and children for commercial sexual exploitation, facilitate rescue of
victims from the place of their exploitation and provide both immediate and long-term
rehabilitation to the victims.
The scheme also seeks to facilitate
reintegration of the victims into the family and society at large.
Further the scheme also seeks to facilitate
repatriation of cross-border victims to their country of origin.
The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (amended
in 1986) is the primary legislation for the prevention of human trafficking and
sexual exploitation for women and girls. Further, Section 370 of the Indian
Penal Code (IPC) defines trafficking and penalizes offenders.
Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection
and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2018 was passed in Lok Sabha in 2018. It creates a
law for investigation of all types of trafficking, and rescue, protection and
rehabilitation of trafficked victims.
Article 23 of the Indian Constitution prohibits
trafficking in human beings and forms of forced labour.