List of Contents
Source: The post is based on the article “Ukrainian President speaks to PM Modi about G20, thanks India for aid and UN support” published in The Hindu on 30th December 2022
What is the News?
The Ukraine President spoke to the Indian Prime Minister to discuss India’s ongoing G-20 Presidency and Ukraine’s “10-point Peace Plan”.
What is Ukraine’s 10 point peace plan?
The Ukraine President first announced his peace formula at a November summit of the Group of 20 (G20) key economies. The plan calls for:
1. Radiation and nuclear safety, focusing on restoring safety around Europe’s largest nuclear power plant, Zaporizhzhia in Ukraine, which is now-Russian occupied.
2. Food security, including protecting and ensuring Ukraine’s grain exports to the world’s poorest nations.
3. Energy security, with focus on price restrictions on Russian energy resources, as well as aiding Ukraine with restoring its power infrastructure, half of which has been damaged by Russian attacks.
4. Release of all prisoners and deportees, including war prisoners and children deported to Russia.
5. Restoring Ukraine’s territorial integrity and Russia reaffirming it according to the United Nations Charter.
6. Withdrawal of Russian troops and cessation of hostilities, restoration of Ukraine’s state borders with Russia.
7. Justice, including the establishment of a special tribunal to prosecute Russian war crimes.
8. Protection of the environment with focus on demining and restoring water treatment facilities.
9. Prevention of escalation of conflict, and building security architecture in the Euro-Atlantic space, including guarantees for Ukraine.
10. Confirmation of the war’s end, including a document signed by the involved parties.
What has been the world’s response to this Ukraine peace plan?
Russia rejected Ukraine’s peace proposal and reiterated that it would not give up any territory it has taken by force, which is about a fifth of Ukraine which it says it has annexed.
The Western world’s support for Ukraine’s military has run into billions of dollars, led by the US and nations have rushed to help Ukraine with de-mining and fixing its power infrastructure. But the response to Ukraine’s peace plan and his proposed peace summit has been more cautious.