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What is the News?
The United Nations General Assembly has adopted a resolution titled ‘Standing mandate for a General Assembly debate when a veto is cast in the Security Council’.
What does this resolution provide for?
The resolution would require the five permanent members of the UN Security Council to justify their use of the veto in future.
Note: The United States, China, Russia, France and the UK are the five members with veto power.
It says that the UN General Assembly will be convened within 10 working days after a veto to hold a debate on the situation as to which the veto was cast.
The UN assembly is not required to take or consider any action, but the discussion could put veto-wielders on the spot and let other countries be heard.
What is the significance of this resolution?
The resolution is intended to make veto-holders more accountable while exercising their power.
It will also shed light on the use of the veto and on the blockages within the Security Council.
What is the criticism against this resolution?
Firstly, this resolution is non-binding and nothing prevents a country that has used its veto from declining to explain its actions to the General Assembly.
Secondly, many analysts feel that this resolution is directed against Russia. This is because the resolution came as the UN Security Council has proven incapable of condemning Russia’s invasion of Ukraine because of Moscow’s veto power.
Source: This post is based on the article “UN approves measure requiring permanent member states to justify veto” published in New Indian Express on 27th April 2022.