The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that was outlined in a constitution signed November 16, 1945. It promotes international collaboration in education, science, and culture to promote peace.
Headquarters: Paris, France
Member Countries: It has 195 member countries, and it pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture, and communication and information.
- Global Education Monitoring Report
- Gender Parity Index
- It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture.
- UNESCO’s programs contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015.
- It aimed at assisting, supporting, and complementing the national efforts of member states to eliminate illiteracy and to extend free education.
- UNESCO also seeks to encourage the free exchange of ideas and knowledge by organizing conferences and providing clearinghouse and exchange services.
- Besides its support of educational and science programs, UNESCO is also involved in efforts to protect the natural environment and humanity’s common cultural heritage.
- UNESCO is known for its World Heritage Mission which encourages world countries to protect Natural and Cultural Heritage sites.
- UNESCO also leads the Man and Biosphere Programme for protecting Biosphere reserves across the world. 12 of the eighteen India’s biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list. Recently Panna Biosphere Reserve(PBR) became the 12th site in India.