Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister for Environment Forest and Climate Change participates in a session on “Accelerating Resilient Infrastructure in Small Island Developing States (SIDS)” at COP 27” published in PIB on 17th November 2022
What is the News?
The Union Minister for Environment Forest and Climate Change has addressed a session on Accelerating Resilient Infrastructure in Small Island Developing States(SIDS).
What are the key highlights from his address?
India’s low per capita emissions: The Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC) states that the responsibility for warming is directly proportional to the contribution to cumulative emissions of carbon dioxide.
If we consider per capita emissions for an objective scale for comparison, India’s emissions are even today about one-third of the global average.If the entire world were to emit at the same per capita level as India there would be no climate crisis.
Note: According to a United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP) report, India’s per capita greenhouse gas emissions at 2.4 tCO2e (tonne carbon dioxide equivalent) is far below the world average of 6.3 tCO2e.
– Per capita emissions in the US (14 tCO2e) are far above the global average followed by Russia (13 tCO2e), China (9.7 tCO2e), Brazil and Indonesia (around 7.5 tCO2e each) and the European Union (7.2 tCO2e).
India’s Vulnerability to Climate disasters: India with over 7,500 km of coastline and more than 1,000 islands in the surrounding seas and a large coastal population dependent on the sea for livelihood is a highly vulnerable nation on the global scale.For instance, India recorded 1,058 climatic disasters between 1995 and 2020.
What is Infrastructure for Resilient Island States(IRIS) Initiative?